Meaning of INHIBITION in English

INHIBITION

n.

In psychology, the conscious or unconscious suppression of free or spontaneous thought or behaviour through the operation of psychological impediments, including internalized social controls.

Inhibition serves useful social functions such as protecting oneself and others from harm and enabling the delay of gratification from pleasurable activities. Both extreme lack of inhibition and excessive inhibition can be personally destructive. Inhibition also plays an important role in learning , since an organism must learn to restrain certain instinctual behaviours or previously learned patterns in order to master new patterns. In physiological psychology , inhibition refers to the suppression of neural electrical activity.

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.