Meaning of ARITHMETIC in English

ARITHMETIC

Branch of mathematics that deals with the properties of

Initially it dealt only with the counting numbers, but its definition has broadened to include all {{link=real number">real number s. The most important arithmetic properties (where a and b are real numbers) are the commutative law s of addition and multiplication, a + b = b + a and a b = b a ; the associative law s of addition and multiplication, a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c and a (bc) = (ab) c ; and the distributive law , which connects addition and multiplication, a (b + c) = a b + a c . These properties include subtraction (addition of a negative number) and division (multiplication by a fraction ).

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.