Meaning of COMPUTER in English

COMPUTER

I

Programmable machine that can store, retrieve, and process data.

Today's computers have at least one CPU that performs most calculations and includes a main memory, a control unit, and an arithmetic logic unit. Increasingly, hard disk and may be supplemented by other media such as floppy disk s or CD-ROM s. Peripheral equipment includes input devices (e.g., keyboard, mouse) and output devices (e.g., monitor, printer ), as well as the circuitry and cabling that connect all the components. Generations of computers are characterized by their technology. First-generation digital computer s, developed mostly in the U.S. after World War II, used vacuum tube s and were enormous. The second generation, introduced с 1960, used transistor s and were the first successful commercial computers. Third-generation computers (late 1960s and 1970s) were characterized by miniaturization of components and use of integrated circuit s. The microprocessor chip, introduced in 1974, defines fourth-generation computers.

II

[c mediumvioletred] (as used in expressions)

computer aided software engineering

computer crime

Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer.

Small Computer System Interface

analog computer

Apple Computer Inc.

computer animation

computer generated images CGI

computer architecture

computer art

computer chip

computer circuitry

computer graphics

computer science

computer virus

computer vision

computer assisted instruction

computer integrated manufacturing

digital computer

{{link=network computer">network computer

personal computer

printer computer

program computer

simulation computer

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.