Meaning of VICTORIA in English

VICTORIA

I

City (pop., 2001: metro. area, 311,902), capital of British Columbia, Canada.

It is located on the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island , overlooking Juan de Fuca Strait . It was founded in 1843 by the Hudson's Bay Co. as a fur-trading post known as Fort Camosun; it was later renamed Fort Victoria to honour the English queen. It was selected as the capital in 1866 when Vancouver Island united with British Columbia. It is now one of the province's largest business centres and a tourist resort and retirement community. A major port, it is the Pacific headquarters of the Canadian navy.

II

Seaport, urban district, administrative centre of Hong Kong special administrative region, China.

It lies on the northern shore of Hong Kong Island (pop., 2001: 1,335,469). It has extensive wharves and is connected to the mainland by ferry and by automobile and railway tunnels. It is the chief administrative, commercial, and cultural centre of Hong Kong and is the headquarters for numerous international banks and corporations.

III

State (pop., 2001: 4,822,663), southeastern Australia.

It covers an area of 87,810 sq mi (227,420 sq km); its capital is Melbourne . The state's western and northwestern parts are sandy desert and lowland, while the central and eastern parts are highlands forming the southern end of the Australian Alps . The southwestern coastal region is known as Gippsland . The Murray River forms almost the entire boundary between the state and New South Wales . Australian Aboriginal peoples had lived in the region for at least 40,000 years before contact with Europeans. Some 60 years after Capt. Tasmania , who brought in their wake diseases that decimated much of the Aboriginal population. Victoria became a separate colony in 1851. In 1901 it became a state of the Commonwealth of Australia. Boosting its economy is a highly productive agricultural hinterland.

IV

Town (pop., 1997: metro. area, 24,701), capital of the Republic of Seychelles.

Located on the northeastern coast of Mahé Island in the Indian Ocean, it is the only port of the archipelago and the only town of any size in Seychelles. It is the country's business and cultural centre.

V

orig. Alexandrina Victoria

born May 24, 1819, Kensington Palace, London, Eng.

died Jan. 22, 1901, Osborne, near Cowes, Isle of Wight

Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1837–1901) and Empress of India (from 1876).

The only child of Edward, duke of Kent, she succeeded her uncle, William IV , in 1837. She was first guided as queen by the Whig prime minister Lord Melbourne and then by her husband, Prince Albert , whom she married in 1840. Devoted to him, she accepted his decisions on all issues in the period sometimes called the "Albertine monarchy." They had nine children, through whose marriages descended many of the royal families of Europe. From 1861 Victoria deeply mourned Albert's death and thereafter made royal decisions as she believed he would have advised. She was frequently at odds with Prime Minister William E. Gladstone and welcomed his replacement by Benjamin Disraeli in 1874. Her reign, called the Victorian age, was marked by a period of British expansion and a restoration of dignity and popularity to the monarchy, as shown by her Jubilees of 1887 and 1897. She remains the longest reigning monarch in British history.

VI

[c mediumvioletred] (as used in expressions)

Victoria de Durango

Alexandrina Victoria

Joy Friederike Victoria Gessner

Ciudad Victoria

Great Victoria Desert

Victoria Falls

Manchester Victoria University of

Victoria Mary Sackville West

Victoria and Albert Museum

Victoria Island

Victoria Nile

Victoria River

Victoria Strait

{{link=Victoria Lake">Victoria Lake

Victoria Nyanza

Victoria Tomás Luis de

Victoria University of

Woodhull Victoria

Victoria Claflin

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.