Meaning of 'ABD ALLAH IBN AZ-ZUBAYR in English

'ABD ALLAH IBN AZ-ZUBAYR

born May 624, Medina, Arabia died November 692, Mecca leader of a rebellion against the Umayyad ruling dynasty of the Islamic empire, and the most prominent representative of the second generation of Muslim families in Mecca, who resented the Umayyad assumption of caliphal authority. As a youth Ibn az-Zubayr went on many of the military campaigns that marked the initial expansion of Islam, and in 651 he was nominated by the caliph (the titular leader of the Islamic empire) 'Uthman to aid in compiling an official recension of the Qur'an. Subsequently remaining politically inactive, he took little part in the civil wars that followed the death of 'Uthman in 656. Resenting the Umayyad victory that was the eventual outcome of the civil wars, he refused to take an oath of allegiance to Yazid, the son and heir presumptive of Mu'awiyah, the first Umayyad caliph. When Yazid became caliph in 680, Ibn az-Zubayr still refused the oath of allegiance and fled to Mecca. There he secretly gathered an army. Yazid learned of this and dispatched forces of his own, which besieged Ibn az-Zubayr in Mecca. In 683 Yazid died, and the besieging army withdrew. Ibn az-Zubayr was left in peace until 692, when the caliph 'Abd al-Malik sent an army to Mecca to force him to submit. Mecca was again besieged, and Ibn az-Zubayr was killed in the fighting.

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