Meaning of GOOSE in English

GOOSE

French L'oie, ancient French board game, said to have been derived from the Greeks, which was popular in Europe at the end of the Middle Ages. Goose was played on a board upon which was drawn a fantastic scroll, called the jardin de l'oie ("goose garden"), divided into 63 spaces marked with certain emblems, such as an inn, a death's head, a bridge, and a labyrinth. The emblem inscribed on spaces 1 and 63, as well as on every ninth space between, was a goose. The object of the game was to land one's counter on number 63, after a series of moves to unoccupied spaces determined by the throw of two dice. A counter was moved forward, backward, or temporarily stalled, according to the space on which it was placed. Landing on an inn required a wait until two other players had played; landing on a death's head required a player to start over; and landing on a goose doubled the move. The game was usually played for a stake, and special fines were exacted for landing on certain spaces. At the end of the 18th century, a variation of the game was called jeu de la revolution franaise ("game of the French Revolution"). plural geese, any large, heavy-bodied waterfowl of the genera Anser (so-called gray geese) and Branta (so-called black geese)-birds of the Northern Hemisphere. These genera, comprising the true geese, belong to the subfamily Anserinae, family Anatidae (q.v.; order Anseriformes). Intermediate in size and build between large ducks and the swans, geese are less fully aquatic than either of these relatives. The sexes are alike in coloration, though males (called ganders) usually are larger than females. The neck is always shorter than the body. The bill is humped at the base and tapered toward the tip; the plates of the bill are adapted for grasping the sedges and grasses upon which geese feed. The legs are farther forward than in swans and ducks, allowing the bird to walk readily. Both sexes utter loud honking or gabbling cries while on the wing or when danger appears. When angry, geese vibrate their neck feathers; after routing an enemy, the gander utters a triumph note that is echoed by his mate and young goslings. Geese pair for life. They build a simple nest on the ground. The 3-12 rough-surfaced, whitish eggs are incubated for 24-33 days by the hen while the gander stands guard. The downy young fend for themselves almost at once but receive care during their first summer. Geese may survive for 10-15 years in the wild and more than 30 years in captivity. These migratory birds winter in limited localities far south of their breeding grounds, although Canada geese have become year-round residents of some areas. In migration they are greeted everywhere as harbingers of the changing seasons. Powerful and high fliers, they travel in V-formation. Also called geese are a number of waterfowl of gooselike build that belong to other groups, among them the magpie goose, sheldgoose, perching duck (qq.v.), and the solan goose (see gannet). See also fowl.

Britannica English vocabulary.      Английский словарь Британика.