Meaning of STATISTICS: FRANCE in English

STATISTICS: FRANCE

France Official name: Rpublique Franaise (French Republic). Form of government: republic with two legislative houses (Parliament; Senate , National Assembly ). Chief of state: President. Head of government: Prime Minister. Capital: Paris. Official language: French. Official religion: none. Monetary unit: 1 franc (F) = 100 centimes; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = F 5.60; 1 = F 9.53. Demography Population (1998): 58,841,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 280.2, persons per sq km 108.2. Urban-rural (1996): urban 72.9%; rural 27.1%. Sex distribution (1996): male 48.71%; female 51.29%. Age breakdown (1995): under 15, 19.7%; 15-29, 21.4%; 30-44, 22.2%; 45-59, 16.9%; 60-74, 13.6%; 75 and over, 6.2%. Population projection: (2000) 59,317,000; (2010) 61,757,000. Doubling time: not applicable; doubling time exceeds 100 years. Ethnolinguistic composition (1990): French (mother tongue) 93.6%, of which fully or substantially bilingual in Occitan 2.7%, German (mostly Alsatian) 2.6%, Breton 1.0%, Catalan 0.4%; Arabic 2.5%; other 3.9%. Religious affiliation (1997): Roman Catholic 76.3%; Muslim 5.5%; Protestants 2.4%; other 15.8%. Major cities (1990): Paris 2,152,423 (metropolitan area 9,060,257); Marseille 800,550 (1,231,082); Lyon 415,487 (1,262,223); Toulouse 358,658 (608,430); Nice 342,439 (475,507); Strasbourg 252,338 (338,483); Nantes 244,995 (492,255); Bordeaux 210,336 (685,456); Montpellier 207,996 (236,788). National origin (1990): French 93.6%, of which Martiniquais 0.2%, Guadeloupian 0.2%, Runionese 0.2%; Portuguese 1.1%; Algerian 1.1%; Moroccan 1.0%; Italian 0.4%; Spanish 0.4%; Turkish 0.3%; other 2.1%. Mobility (1990). Population living in same residence as in 1982: 51.4%; same region 89.0%; different region 8.8%; different country 2.2%. Households (1993). Average household size 2.6; 1 person 27.7%, 2 persons 32.0%, 3 persons 17.4%, 4 persons 14.7%, 5 persons or more 8.2%. Family households (1990): 14,118,940 (72.1%); nonfamily 5,471,460 (27.9%, of which 1-person 24.6%). Immigration (1994): immigrants admitted 64,102 (Algeria 13.6%, Morocco 12.3%, Turkey 7.3%, Tunisia 3.4%, Sri Lanka 2.7%, Lebanon 1.3%). Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1996): 12.6 (world avg. 25.0); (1994) legitimate 63.9%; illegitimate 36.1%. Death rate per 1,000 population (1996): 9.2 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 3.4 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1995): 1.7. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1996): 4.8. Divorce rate per 1,000 population (1993): 1.9. Life expectancy at birth (1994): male 73.7 years; female 81.8 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1994): heart disease and other circulatory diseases 286.7; malignant neoplasms (cancers) 247.6; accidents and violence 76.9; respiratory diseases 63.7; digestive tract diseases 43.7. Social indicators Educational attainment (1990). Percentage of population age 25 and over having: primary 22.1%; lower secondary 7.8%; higher secondary and vocational 29.4%; postsecondary 11.6%; undeclared attainment 29.1%. Quality of working life. Average workweek (1994): 38.9 hours. Annual rate per 100,000 workers for: injury or accident 5,322 (deaths 0.8); accidents in transit to work 708 (deaths 68.3); industrial illness 16.6{1}; death 4.8{1}. Average days lost to labour stoppages per 1,000 workers (1993): 23.0. Average length of journey to work (1990): 8.7 mi (14 km). Access to services (1992). Proportion of dwellings having: central heating 86.0%; piped water 97.0%; indoor plumbing 95.8%. Social participation. Eligible voters participating in last (May and June 1997) national election: c. 78%. Population over 15 years of age participating in voluntary associations: 28.0%. Social deviance. Offense rate per 100,000 population (1994) for: murder 0.8; rape 11.3; other assault 290.8; theft (including burglary and housebreaking) 5,204.2. Incidence per 100,000 in general population of: alcoholism, n.a. (deaths related to alcoholism; 1991) 5.0; suicide (1993) 21.1. Leisure (1987-88). Participation rate for favourite leisure activities: watching television 82%; reading magazines 79%; listening to radio 75%; entertaining relatives 64%; visiting relatives 61%; attending fairs/expositions 56%. Material well-being (1994). Households possessing: automobile 79.5%; colour television 92.4%; VCR 52.8%; refrigerator 99.0%, washing machine 89.4%. National economy Gross national product (1996): U.S.$1,533,619,000,000 (U.S.$26,270 per capita). Budget (1996). Revenue: F 1,552,100,000,000 (value-added taxes 49.1%; direct taxes 38.2%; customs taxes 10.2%). Expenditure: F 1,541,300,000,000 (education 22.5%, defense 15.6%, debt service 14.7%, social welfare 10.8%). Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1997): wheat 34,070,000, sugar beets 32,171,000, corn (maize) 15,110,000, barley 10,161,000, grapes 7,000,000, potatoes 6,500,000, rapeseed 3,512,000, dry peas 3,087,000, sunflower seeds 2,193,000, apples 2,192,000, tomatoes 785,000, carrots 644,000, green peas 575,000, oats 563,000, cauliflower 530,000, lettuce 528,000, peaches 474,000, sorghum 426,000, string beans 325,000, onions 324,000; livestock (number of live animals) 20,300,000 cattle, 14,968,000 pigs, 10,126,000 sheep, 1,114,000 goats; roundwood (1995) 46,345,000 cu m; fish catch (1995) 793,413. Mining and quarrying (1995): iron ore 1,500,000; potash salts 800,000; bauxite 130,800; uranium 840; gold 151,124 troy oz; silver 48,231 troy oz. Manufacturing (1995): cement 19,896,000; crude steel 18,132,000; pig iron 12,876,000; paper products 8,700,000; rubber products 619,400, of which tires 59,268,000 units; aluminum 586,000; automobiles 3,200,000 units. Construction (dwelling units completed; 1993) 299,000. Energy production (consumption){2}: electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 475,622,000,000 (412,454,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1994) 8,039,000 (21,809,900); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) 20,297,000 (562,907,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 69,078,000 (66,994,000); natural gas (cu m; 1994) 2,517,200,000 (33,449,900,000). Population economically active (1995): total 25,260,300; activity rate of total population 43.4% (participation rates: ages 15-64, 67.6%{3}; female 45.0%; unemployed 11.7%). Household income and expenditure (1995). Average household size 2.6; average annual income per household F 302,560 (U.S.$60,610); sources of income: wages and salaries 70.0%, self-employment 24.4%, social security 5.6%; expenditure: housing 18.2%, food 16.8%, transportation 14.5%, health 10.4%, recreation 6.9%, clothing 5.4%. Tourism (1996): receipts U.S.$28,181,700,000; expenditures U.S.$17,505,400,000. Public debt (1997): F 3,794,600,000,000 (U.S.$657,840,000,000). Land use (1994): forest 27.3%; pasture 19.3%; agriculture 35.4%; other 18.0%. Foreign trade Imports (1995): F 1,380,400,000,000 (machinery and transport equipment 38.5%, of which transport equipment 14.6%; agricultural products 11.0%; chemicals 8.4%; fuels 6.9%). Major import sources: Germany 18.3%; Italy 9.9%; U.K. 9.5%; Belgium-Luxembourg 8.8%; Spain 6.1%; U.S. 6.1%. Exports (1995): F 1,428,800,000,000 (machinery and transport equipment 42.6%, of which transport equipment 19.5%; agricultural products 15.1%; chemical products 8.4%; plastics 3.2%). Major export destinations: Germany 17.7%; Italy 9.5%; Belgium-Luxembourg 8.6%; U.K. 7.6%; U.S. 7.4%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1995): route length 31,940 km; passenger-km 55,470,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 47,400,000,000. Roads (1995): total length 812,700 km (paved 92%). Vehicles (1995): passenger cars 25,100,000; trucks and buses 5,005,000. Merchant marine (1992): vessels (100 gross tons and over) 729; total deadweight tonnage 4,981,027. Air transport (1994): passenger-km 67,500,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 11,300,000,000; airports (1996) with scheduled flights 61. Education and health Literacy (1980): total population literate 41,112,000 (98.8%); males literate 19,933,000 (98.9%); females literate 21,179,000 (98.7%). Health: physicians (1994) 160,235 (1 per 361 persons); hospital beds (1995) 679,731 (1 per 86 persons); infant mortality rate (1996) 4.9. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 3,588 (vegetable products 62%, animal products 38%); 142% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1996): 398,900 (army 59.3%, navy 15.9%, air force 22.2%, other 2.6%). Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1995): 3.1% (world 2.8%); per capita expenditure U.S.$826. {1} 1989. {2} All energy statistics include Monaco. {3} August.

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