Meaning of STATISTICS: UNITED KINGDOM in English

STATISTICS: UNITED KINGDOM

United Kingdom Official name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Form of government: constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses (House of Lords ; House of Commons ). Chief of state: Sovereign. Head of government: Prime Minister. Capital: London. Official language: English. Official religion: Churches of England and Scotland established (protected by the state, but not "official") in their respective countries; no established church in Northern Ireland or Wales. Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling () = 100 new pence; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 = U.S.$1.70; 1 U.S.$ = 0.59. Demography Population (1998): 59,126,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 627.3, persons per sq km 242.2. Urban-rural (1996): urban 89.4%; rural 10.6%. Sex distribution (1996): male 49.09%; female 50.91%. Age breakdown (1996): under 15, 19.5%; 15-29, 20.1%; 30-44, 21.9%; 45-59, 18.0%; 60-74, 13.3%; 75 and over, 7.2%. Population projection: (2000) 59,454,000; (2010) 60,800,000. Ethnic composition (1992-94){1}: white 93.7%; Asian Indian 1.8%; Pakistani 1.4%; Black 1.4%; other and not stated 1.6%. Religious affiliation (1995): Christian 65.9%, of which Protestant 53.4% (Anglican 43.5%, Presbyterian 4.5%, Methodist 2.2%), Roman Catholic 9.8%, Orthodox 1.0%, other Christian 1.7%; Muslim 2.6%; Hindu 0.6%; Sikh 0.5%; Jewish 0.5%; other/nonreligious 29.9%. Major cities (1996): Greater London 7,074,300; Birmingham 1,020,600; Leeds 726,900; Glasgow 616,400; Sheffield 530,400; Bradford 483,400; Liverpool 468,000; Edinburgh 448,900; Manchester 430,800; Bristol 399,600; Kirklees 388,800; Wirral 329,200. Place of birth (1991): U.K. 93.2% (52,721,000); foreign-born 6.8%, of which India 1.5%, Ireland 1.1%, Caribbean 0.9%, Pakistan 0.9%, other 2.2%. Mobility (1991){1}. Population living in the same residence as 1990: 90.1%; different residence, same country (of Great Britain) 8.1%; different residence, different country of Great Britain 1.2%; from outside Great Britain 0.6%. Households (1994){1}. Average household size 2.4; 1 person 27%, 2 persons 34%, 3 persons 16%, 4 persons 15%, 5 persons 6%, 6 or more persons 2%. Family household: 16,900,000 (72.0%), nonfamily 6,600,000 (28.0%, of which 1-person 12.0%). Immigration (1995): permanent residents 245,000, from United States 11.0%, Australia 8.6%, Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka 4.5%, New Zealand 4.1%, South Africa 3.7%, Canada 3.3%, other 64.8%, of which EU 14.7%. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1996): 12.5 (world avg. 25.0); legitimate (1994) 68.0%; illegitimate 32.0%. Death rate per 1,000 population (1996): 10.9 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 1.6 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1994): 1.7. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1995): 5.5. Divorce rate per 1,000 population (1995){1}: 3.0. Life expectancy at birth (1996): male 74.4 years; female 79.7 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1994): diseases of the circulatory system 473.3, of which ischemic heart disease 265.2, cerebrovascular disease 116.8; malignant neoplasms (cancers) 275.4; diseases of the respiratory system 155.6, of which pneumonia 92.9; diseases of the digestive system 36.4; diseases of the endocrine system 14.1, of which diabetes mellitus 11.2; diseases of the genitourinary system 13.4; suicide 7.5. Social indicators Educational attainment (1981). Percentage of population age 25 and over having: primary or secondary education only 89.7%; some postsecondary 4.8%; bachelor's or equivalent degree 4.9%; higher university degree 0.6%. Quality of working life (1992). Average workweek (hours): male 43.3, female 30.2. Annual rate per 100,000 workers for: injury or accident 752.6; industrial diseases 1.3{2}{3}; death 1.5. Proportion of labour force (employed persons) insured for damages or income loss resulting from: injury 100%; permanent disability 100%; death 100%. Average days lost to labour stoppages per 1,000 employee workdays 1994: 0.05. Principal means of transport to work (1991; London only): public transportation 81%, private automobile 15%, motor or pedal cycle 2%, other 2%. Access to services (1991){1}. Proportion of households having access to: bath or shower 98.7%; toilet 99.8%; central heating 81.1%. Social participation. Eligible voters participating in last national election (May 1997): 71.3%. Population age 16 and over participating in voluntary work (1987){1}: 22%. Trade union membership in total workforce (1992) 32.0%. Social deviance (1995){1}. Offense rate per 100,000 population for: theft and handling stolen goods 4,944.2; burglary 2,431.0; violence against the person 406.2; fraud and forgery 277.8; robbery 135.8; sexual offense 58.5. Incidence per 100,000 population of: registered drug addicts 36.5{4}; suicide 7.5. Leisure (1994). Favourite leisure activities (hours weekly): watching television 17.1; listening to radio 10.3; reading 8.8, of which books 3.8, newspapers 3.3; gardening 2.1. Material well-being (1995). Households possessing: automobile 69.7%, telephone 92.4%, television receiver 98.3% (colour 95%){5}, refrigerator 98.5%, central heating 85.3%, washing machine 90.9%, video recorder 79.2%. National economy Budget (1996-97). Revenue: 280,900,000,000 (income tax 33.5%, value-added 16.9%, social security contributions 16.6%). Expenditures: 308,500,000,000 (social security 24.9%, health 11.0%, debt interest 7.2%, defense 7.2%). Tourism (1996): receipts U.S.$20,019,700,000; expenditures U.S.$25,046,100,000. Land use (1994): forest 10.4%; pasture 45.9%; agriculture 24.8%; other 18.9%. Total national debt (March 31, 1996): 374,636,000,000. Gross national product (1996): U.S.$1,152,136,000,000 (U.S.$19,600 per capita). Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): wheat 16,102,000, sugar beets 9,555,000, barley 7,784,000, potatoes 7,219,000, rapeseed 1,448,000, carrots 630,000, oats 590,000, cabbage 574,000; livestock (number of live animals) 41,530,000 sheep, 11,913,000 cattle, 7,496,000 pigs; roundwood (1995) 8,229,000 cu m; fish catch (1995) 1,003,740. Mining and quarrying (1996): limestone 97,000,000; tin 1,920; lead 1,080. Manufacturing (value added in '000,000; 1996): electrical and optical equipment 18,270; food and beverages 17,622; paper, printing, and publishing 16,214; chemicals and chemical products 15,819; metals and metal products 15,199; transport equipment 13,914; machinery and equipment 12,196; textiles and leather products 7,186. Construction (value in ; 1995){1}: residential 7,135,000,000; nonresidential 13,877,000,000. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 325,383,000,000 (342,270,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1994) 47,717,000 (80,582,000); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) 888,454,000 (629,354,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 86,184,000 (75,021,000); natural gas (cu m; 1994) 76,680,000,000 (79,391,000,000). Population economically active (1996): total 27,969,000, activity rate of total population 47.6% (participation rates: ages 15-64, 76.2%{3}; female 44.3%; unemployed 7.7%). Household income and expenditure (1994-95). Average household size 2.4; average annual disposable income per household 15,762 (U.S.$22,937); sources of income (1995): wages and salaries 64.3%, social security benefits 13.7%, dividends and interest 11.6%, income from self-employment 8.6%; expenditure (1995): food and beverages 17.8%, transport and vehicles 15.8%, housing 14.2%, household goods 6.9%, clothing 5.8%, energy 3.6%. Foreign trade Imports (1996): 184,305,000,000 (machinery and transport equipment 42.2%, of which electrical equipment 19.8%, road vehicles 11.2%; chemicals 10.0%, of which organic chemicals 2.6%, plastics 2.4%; food 7.9%; clothing and footwear 4.3%; petroleum and petroleum products 3.1%; textiles 2.8%; paper and paperboard 2.7%). Major import sources: Germany 14.7%; U.S. 12.4%; France 9.6%; The Netherlands 6.8%; Japan 4.9%; Italy 4.8%; Belgium-Luxembourg 4.7%; Ireland 3.9%; Switzerland 2.9%; Spain 2.7%. Exports (1996): 166,340,000,000 (machinery and transport equipment 44.1%, of which electrical equipment 19.8%, road vehicles 8.6%; chemicals 13.3%, of which organic chemicals 3.1%; petroleum and petroleum products 6.2%; food 4.2%; professional and scientific 4.0%; iron and steel products 2.4%). Major export destinations: Germany 12.3%; U.S. 11.8%; France 10.2%; The Netherlands 8.0%; Ireland 5.2%; Belgium-Luxembourg 5.1%; Italy 4.8%; Spain 4.0%; Sweden 2.6%; Japan 2.5%; Switzerland 1.9%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1995-96){6}: length 23,518 mi{7}, 37,849 km{7}; passenger-mi 18,154,000,000, passenger-km 29,216,000,000; ton-mi cargo 2,026,000,000, metric ton-km cargo 2,916,000,000{8}. Roads (1995): total length 228,042 mi, 366,999 km (paved 100%). Vehicles (1995){1}: passenger cars 20,505,000, trucks and buses 2,712,000. Merchant marine (1992): vessels (over 100 gross tons) 1,631; total deadweight tonnage 4,355,063. Air transport (1996): passenger-mi 77,575,900,000, passenger-km 124,846,500,000; short ton-mi cargo 2,662,600,000, metric ton-km cargo 3,831,900,000; airports (1997) 57. Education and health Literacy (1990): total population literate, virtually 100%{9}. Health (1993){1}: physicians 92,474 (1 per 629 persons); hospital beds 283,814 (1 per 205 persons); infant mortality rate (1995) 6.2. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 3,149 (vegetable products 67%, animal products 33%); 125% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1996): 213,800 (army 52.5%, navy 21.0%, air force 26.5%). Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1995): 3.0% (world 2.8%); per capita expenditure U.S.$572. {1} Great Britain only. {2} Lung disease only. {3} 1993. {4} 1994. {5} 1992. {6} British Rail only. {7} 1990. {8} Much of British Rail's freight business was sold during 1996. {9} A survey in 1986-87, however, put the number of functional illiterates at 9-12% of the adult population.

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