Meaning of NITROGEN in English

NITROGEN

Name: nitrogen

Symbol: N

Atomic number: 7

Atomic weight: 14.00674 (7) g r

Group in periodic table: 15

Group name: Pnictogen

Period in periodic table: 2

Block in periodic table: p-block

CAS registry ID: 7727-37-9

Nitrogen is a Group 15 element. Nitrogen makes up about 78% of the atmosphere by volume but the atmosphere of Mars contains less than 3% nitrogen. The element seemed so inert that Lavoisier named it azote, meaning "without life". However, its compounds are vital components of foods, fertilizers, and explosives. Nitrogen gas is colourless, odourless, and generally inert. As a liquid it is also colourless and odourless.

When nitrogen is heated, it combines directly with magnesium, lithium, or calcium. When mixed with oxygen and subjected to electric sparks, it forms nitric oxide (NO) and then the dioxide (NO2). When heated under pressure with hydrogen in the presence of a suitable catalyst , ammonia forms (Haber process). Nitrogen is "fixed" from the atmosphere by bacteria in the roots of certain plants such as clover. Hence the usefulness of clover in crop rotation.

Chemistry of the elements English vocabulary.      Английский словарь химии элементов.