Meaning of POTASSIUM in English
Atomic number: 19
Atomic weight: 39.0983 (1)
Group in periodic table: 1
Group name: Alkaline metal
Period in periodic table: 4
Block in periodic table: s-block
CAS registry ID: 7440-09-7
The metal is the seventh most abundant and makes up about 1.5 % by weight of the earth's crust. Potassium is an essential constituent for plant growth and it is found in most soils. It is also a vital element in the human diet.
Potassium is never found free in nature, but is obtained by electrolysis of the chloride or hydroxide, much in the same manner as prepared by Davy. It is one of the most reactive and electropositive of metals and, apart from lithium, it is the least dense known metal. It is soft and easily cut with a knife. It is silvery in appearance immediately after a fresh surface is exposed.
It oxidises very rapidly in air and must be stored under argon or under a suitable mineral oil. As do all the other metals of the alkali group, it decomposes in water with the evolution of hydrogen. It usually catches fire during the reaction with water. Potassium and its salts impart a lilac colour to flames.
Chemistry of the elements English vocabulary. Английский словарь химии элементов. 2012