Meaning of BACKWARD in English

BACKWARD

adj.

Function: adjective

1 directed, turned, or executed backward FF1C; the backward swimming of the crayfish FF1E;

Synonyms: retral, retrograde

Related Words: inverted, reversed

Antonyms: advance, forward

2

Synonyms: DISINCLINED , afraid, averse, hesitant, indisposed, loath, reluctant, shy, uneager, unwilling

Related Words: bashful, diffident

3

Synonyms: SHY 1, bashful, demure, diffident, modest, retiring, self-effacing, timid, unassertive, unassured

4

Synonyms: RETARDED , dim-witted, dull, feebleminded, half-witted, imbecile, moronic, simpleminded, slow, slow-witted

5 holding to outworn or traditional views, ideas, or principles FF1C; had a backward attitude toward social inferiors FF1E;

Synonyms: benighted, ignorant, unenlightened, unprogressive

Related Words: conservative, reactionary; obtuse, stupid, thickheaded; bigoted, hidebound, narrow; blind; unenlightened, uninformed

Contrasted Words: advanced, aware, enlightened, forward-looking, progressive, unbenighted

6 not developing or progressing especially in economic and social areas FF1C; backward nations using primitive farming methods FF1E;

Synonyms: behindhand, underdeveloped, undeveloped, unprogressive

Related Words: poor, struggling; medieval; benighted, retarded, uncultivated, uncultured

Idioms: behind the times

Contrasted Words: forward-looking, progressive; civilized, cultivated, cultured; modern

Antonyms: advanced

Merriam Webster. Collegiate thesaurus English dictionary.      Английский энциклопедический толковый словарь тезауруса.