Meaning of CHANCE in English

CHANCE

transcription, транскрипция: [ tʃɑ:ns, tʃæns ]

( chances, chancing, chanced)

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.

1.

If there is a chance of something happening, it is possible that it will happen.

Do you think they have a chance of beating Australia?...

This partnership has a good chance of success...

The specialist who carried out the brain scan thought Tim’s chances of survival were still slim...

There was really very little chance that Ben would ever have led a normal life.

N-VAR : oft N of -ing / n , N that

2.

If you have a chance to do something, you have the opportunity to do it.

The electoral council announced that all eligible people would get a chance to vote...

I felt I had to give him a chance.

N-COUNT : usu N to-inf , N for n to-inf

3.

A chance meeting or event is one that is not planned or expected.

...a chance meeting.

ADJ : ADJ n

Chance is also a noun.

...a victim of chance and circumstance.

N-UNCOUNT

4.

If you chance to do something or chance on something, you do it or find it although you had not planned or tried to. ( FORMAL )

It was just then that I chanced to look round.

...Christopher Columbus, who chanced upon the Dominican Republic nearly 500 years ago.

VERB : V to-inf , V upon/on/across n

5.

If you chance something, you do it even though there is a risk that you may not succeed or that something bad may happen.

Andy knew the risks. I cannot believe he would have chanced it...

He decided no assassin would chance a shot from amongst that crowd.

= risk

VERB : V it , V n

6.

see also off-chance

7.

Something that happens by chance was not planned by anyone.

He had met Mr Maude by chance.

PHRASE : PHR after v , PHR with cl

8.

You can use by any chance when you are asking questions in order to find out whether something that you think might be true is actually true.

Are they by any chance related?

= perhaps

PHRASE : PHR with cl (not first in cl )

9.

If you say that someone stands a chance of achieving something, you mean that they are likely to achieve it. If you say that someone doesn’t stand a chance of achieving something, you mean that they cannot possibly achieve it.

Being very good at science subjects, I stood a good chance of gaining high grades...

Neither is seen as standing any chance of snatching the leadership from him.

PHRASE : V inflects , usu PHR of -ing

10.

When you take a chance , you try to do something although there is a large risk of danger or failure.

You take a chance on the weather if you holiday in the UK...

From then on, they were taking no chances...

PHRASE : V and N inflect

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.