Meaning of NOBEL PRIZE in English

NOBEL PRIZE

25B6; noun . See list.

Nobel Prizewinners

Physics (from 1950)

1950 Cecil Frank Powell

1951 John Cockcroft

E. T. S. Walton

1952 Felix Bloch

E. M. Purcell

1953 Frits Zernike

1954 Max Born

Walther Bothe

1955 Willis Eugene Lamb

Polykarp Kusch

1956 William Shockley

John Bardeen

Walter Houser Brattain

1957 Chen Ning Yang

Tsung-Dao Lee

1958 Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov

Il'ja Mikhailovich Frank

Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm

1959 Emilio Segré

Owen Chamberlain

1960 Donald A. Glaser

1961 Robert Hofstadter

Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer

1962 Lev Davidovich Landau

1963 Eugene P. Wigner

Maria Goeppert-Mayer

J. Hans. D. Jensen

1964 Charles H. Townes

Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov

Alexsandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov

1965 Sin-Itiro Tomonaga

Julian Schwinger

Richard P. Feynman

1966 Alfred Kastler

1967 Hans Albrecht Bethe

1968 Luis W. Alvarez

1969 Murray Gell-Mann

1970 Hannes Alfvén

Louis Néel

1971 Dennis Gabor

1972 John Bardeen

Leon N. Cooper

J. Robert Schrieffer

1973 Leo Esaki

Ivar Giaever

Brian D. Josephson

1974 Martin Ryle

Antony Hewish

1975 Aage Bohr

Ben Mottelson

James Rainwater

1976 Burton Richter

Samuel C. C. Ting

1977 Philip W. Anderson

Nevill F. Mott

John H. Van Vleck

1978 Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa

Arno A. Penzias

Robert W. Wilson

1979 Sheldon L. Glashow

Abdus Salam

Steven Weinberg

1980 James W. Cronin

Val L. Fitch

1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen

Arthur L. Schawlow

Kai M. Siegbahn

1982 Kenneth G. Wilson

1983 Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

William A. Fowler

1984 Carlo Rubbia

Simon van der Meer

1985 Klaus von Klitzing

1986 Ernst Ruska

Gerd Binnig

Heinrich Rohrer

1987 Alex Müller

Georg Bednorz

1988 Leon Lederman

Melvin Schwartz

Jack Steinberger

1989 Hans Dehmelt

Wolfgang Paul

Norman Ramsey

1990 Jerome Friedman

Henry Kendall

Richard Taylor

1991 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

1992 Georges Charpak

1993 Joseph Taylor

Russell Hulse

1994 Bertram N. Brockhouse

Clifford G. Shull

1995 Martin L. Perl

Frederick Reines

1996 David M. Lee

Douglas D. Osheroff

Robert C Richardson

1997 Steven Chu

Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

William D. Philips

1998 Robert B. Laughlin

Horst L. Störmer

Daniel C. Tsui

1999 Gerardus 't Hooft

Martinus Veltman

2000 Zhores I. Alferov

Herbert Kroemer

Jack S. Kilby

2001 Eric A. Cornell

Wolfgang Ketterle

Carl E. Wieman

Chemistry (from 1950)

1950 Otto Diels

Kurt Alder

1951 Edwin McMillan

Glenn T. Seaborg

1952 A. J. P. Martin

R. L. M. Synge

1953 Hermann Staudinger

1954 Linus Pauling

1955 Vincent du Vigneaud

1956 Cyril Hinshelwood

Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov

1957 Lord Alexander Todd

1958 Frederick Sanger

1959 Jaroslav Heyrovsky

1960 Willard Libby

1961 Melvin Calvin

1962 Max Perutz

John Kendrew

1963 Karl Ziegler

Giulio Natta

1964 Dorothy Hodgkin

1965 R. B. Woodward

1966 Robert S. Mulliken

1967 Manfred Eigen

Ronald Norrish

Lord George Porter

1968 Lars Onsager

1969 Derek Barton

Odd Hassel

1970 Luis F. Leloir

1971 Gerhard Herzeberg

1972 Christian B. Anfinsen

Stanford Moore

William H. Stein

1973 Ernst Fischer

Geoffrey Wilkinson

1974 Paul J. Flory

1975 John Cornforth

Vladimir Prelog

1976 William N. Lipscomb

1977 Ilya Prigogine

1978 Peter D. Mitchell

1979 Herbert C. Brown

Georg Wittig

1980 Paul Berg

Walter Gilbert

Frederick Sanger

1981 Kenichi Fukui

Roald Hoffman

1982 Aaron Klug

1983 Henry Taube

1984 Bruce Merrifield

1985 Herbert Hauptman

Jerome Karle

1986 Dudley Herschbach

Yuan Tseh Lee

John Polanyi

1987 Donald Cram

Jean-Marie Lehn

Charles Pedersen

1988 Johann Deisenhofer

Robert Huber

Hartmut Michel

1989 Sidney Altman

Thomas Cech

1990 Elias Corey

1991 Richard Ernst

1992 Rudolph Marcus

1993 Michael Smith

Kary Mullis

1994 George Olah

1995 Paul Crutzen

Mario J. Molina

F. Sherwood Rowland

1996 Robert P. Curl

Harold Kroto

Richard E. Smalley

1997 John E. Walker

Paul D. Boyer

Jens C. Skou

1998 Walter Kohn

John A. Pople

1999 Ahmed Zewail

2000 Alan J. Heeger

Alan G. McDiarmid

Hideki Shirakawa

2001 William S. Knowles

Ryoji Noyori

K. Barry Sharpless

Physiology or Medicine (from 1950)

1950 Edward Kendall

Tadeus Reichstein

Philip Hench

1951 Max Theiler

1952 Selman Waksman

1953 Hans Krebs

Fritz Lipmann

1954 John Enders

Thomas H. Weller

Frederick Robbins

1955 Hugo Theodor Theorell

1956 André F. Cournand

Werner Forssmann

Dickinson W. Richards

1957 Daniel Bovet

1958 George Beadle

Edward L. Tatum

Joshua Lederberg

1959 Severo Ochoa

Arthur Kornberg

1960 Macfarlane Burnet

Peter Medawar

1961 Georg von Békésy

1962 Francis Crick

James Watson

Maurice Wilkins

1963 John Carew Eccles

Alan Hodgkin

Andrew Fielding Huxley

1964 Konrad Bloch

Feodor Lynen

1965 François Jacob

André Lwoff

Jacques Monod

1966 Peyton Rous

Charles B. Huggins

1967 Ragnar Granit

Haldan Hartline

George Wald

1968 Robert W. Holley

Har Gobind Khorana

Marshall W. Nirenberg

1969 Max Delbrück

Alfred D. Hershey

Salvador E. Luria

1970 Bernard Katz

Ulf von Euler

Julius Axelrod

1971 Earl W. Sutherland

1972 Gerald M. Edelman

Rodney R. Porter

1973 Karl von Frisch

Konrad Lorenz

Nikolaas Tinbergen

1974 Albert Claude

Christian de Duve

George E. Palade

1975 David Baltimore

Renato Dulbecco

Howard Temin

1976 Baruch S. Blumberg

D. Carleton Gajdusek

1977 Roger Guillemin

Andrew V. Schally

Rosalyn Yalow

1978 Werner Arber

Daniel Nathans

Hamilton O. Smith

1979 Allan M. Cormack

Godfrey Hounsfield

1980 Baruj Benacerraf

Jean Dausset

George D. Snell

1981 Roger W. Sperry

David H. Hubel

Torsten N. Wiesel

1982 Sune K. Bergström

Bengt I. Samuelson

John Vane

1983 Barbara McClintock

1984 Niels K. Jerne

Georges J. F. Köhler

César Milstein

1985 Joseph Goldstein

Michael Brown

1986 Stanley Cohen

Rita Levi-Montalcini

1987 Susumu Tonegawa

1988 James Black

Gertrude Elion

George Hitchings

1989 Michael Bishop

Harold Varmus

1990 Joseph Murray

E. Donnall Thomas

1991 Erwin Neher

Bert Sakmann

1992 Edmond Fischer

Edwin Krebs

1993 Phillip Sharp

Richard Roberts

1994 Alfred G. Gilman

Martin Rodbell

1995 Edward B. Lewis

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

Eric F. Wieschaus

1996 Peter C. Doherty

Rolf M. Zinkernagel

1997 Stanley B. Prusiner

1998 Robert F. Furchgott

Louis J. Ignarro

Ferid Murad

1999 Günter Blobel

2000 Arvid Carlsson

Paul Greengard

Eric R. Kandel

2001 Leland H. Hartwell

Tim Hunt

Paul Nurse

Literature (from 1950)

1950 Bertrand Russell

1951 Pär Lagerkvist

1952 François Mauriac

1953 Winston Churchill

1954 Ernest Hemingway

1955 Halldór Laxness

1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez

1957 Albert Camus

1958 Boris Pasternak

1959 Salvatore Quasimodo

1960 Saint-John Perse

1961 Ivo Andri 0107;

1962 John Steinbeck

1963 George Seferis

1964 Jean-Paul Sartre (declined to accept)

1965 Mikhail Sholokhov

1966 Shmuel Yosef Agnon

Nelly Sachs

1967 Miguel Angel Asturias

1968 Kawabata Yasunari

1969 Samuel Beckett

1970 Alexander Solzhenitsyn

1971 Pablo Neruda

1972 Heinrich Böll

1973 Patrick White

1974 Eyvind Johnson

Harry Martinson

1975 Eugenio Montale

1976 Saul Bellow

1977 Vicente Aleixandre

1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer

1979 Odysseus Elytis

1980 Czeslaw Milosz

1981 Elias Canetti

1982 Gabriel Garcia Márquez

1983 William Golding

1984 Jaroslav Seifert

1985 Claude Simon

1986 Wole Soyinka

1987 Joseph Brodsky

1988 Naguib Mahfouz

1989 Camilo José Cela

1990 Octavio Paz

1991 Nadine Gordimer

1992 Derek Walcott

1993 Toni Morrison

1994 Kenzaburo Oë

1995 Seamus Heaney

1996 Wis 0142; awa Szymborska

1997 Dario Fo

1998 José Saramago

1999 Günter Grass

2000 Gao Xingjian

2001 V. S. Naipaul

Peace (from 1950)

1950 Ralph Bunche

1951 Léon Jouhaux

1952 Albert Schweitzer

1953 George C. Marshall

1954 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

1955 no award

1956 no award

1957 Lester B. Pearson

1958 Georges Henri Pire

1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker

1960 Albert John Lutuli

1961 Dag Hammarskjöld

1962 Linus Pauling

1963 International Committee of the Red Cross

League of Red Cross Societies

1964 Martin Luther King

1965 United Nations Children's Fund

1966 no award

1967 no award

1968 René Cassin

1969 International Labour Organization

1970 Norman Borlaug

1971 Willy Brandt

1972 no award

1973 Henry Kissinger

Le Duc Tho

1974 Seán MacBride

Eisaku Sato

1975 Andrei Sakharov

1976 Betty Williams

Mairead Corrigan

1977 Amnesty International

1978 Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat

Menachem Begin

1979 Mother Teresa

1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

1981 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

1982 Alva Myrdal

Alfonso García Robles

1983 Lech Wa 0142; esa

1984 Desmond Tutu

1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

1986 Elie Wiesel

1987 Oscar Arias Sánchez

1988 United Nations Peacekeeping Forces

1989 Dalai Lama

1990 Mikhail Gorbachev

1991 Aung San Suu Kyi

1992 Rigoberta Menchú

1993 Nelson Mandela

F. W. de Klerk

1994 Yasser Arafat

Shimon Peres

Yitzhak Rabin

1995 Joseph Rotblat

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

1996 Bishop Carlos Belo

José Ramos-Horta

1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines

Jody Williams

1998 John Hume

David Trimble

1999 Médecins Sans Frontières

2000 Kim Dae Jung

2001 United Nations

Kofi Annan

Economic Sciences

1969 Ragnar Frisch

Jan Tinbergen

1970 Paul A. Samuelson

1971 Simon Kuznets

1972 John Hicks

Kenneth J. Arrow

1973 Wassily Leontief

1974 Gunnar Myrdal

Friedrich August von Hayek

1975 Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich

Tjalling C. Koopmans

1976 Milton Friedman

1977 Bertil Ohlin

James E. Meade

1978 Herbert A. Simon

1979 Theodore W. Schultz

Arthur Lewis

1980 Lawrence R. Klein

1981 James Tobin

1982 George J. Stigler

1983 Gerard Debreu

1984 Richard Stone

1985 Franco Modigliani

1986 James Buchanan

1987 Robert M. Solow

1988 Maurice Allais

1989 Trygve Haavelmo

1990 Harry M. Markowitz

William F. Sharpe

Merton Miller

1991 Ronald Coase

1992 Gary Becker

1993 Robet Fogel

Douglass North

1994 John Harsanyi

John Nash

Reinhard Selten

1995 Robert E. Lucas Jr.

1996 James A. Mirrlees

William Vickrey

1997 Myron S. Scholes

Robert C. Merton

1998 Amartya Sen

1999 Robert A. Mundell

2000 James J. Heckman

Daniel McFadden

2001 George A. Akerlof

A. Michael Spence

Joseph E. Stiglitz

Concise Oxford thesaurus English vocabulary.      Краткий оксфордский словарь английского языка тезаурус.