Meaning of AUTOCORRELATION in English
[GIS] 1. Spatial dependence
2. Interdependence(correlation) of errors at different points in space;
3. Statistical correlation between spatial random variables of the same type, attribute, name, and so on, where the correlation depends on the distance and/or direction that separates the locations.
Compare to crosscorrelation .
Note: strong negative correlation will lead to large errors in distance; independence of errors leading to moderate errors in distance; strong positive correlation leading to no errors in distance.
eg: If an entire field is planted with a single crop, such as barley, then only one point needs to be observed to determine the crop of the entire field.
Sean Woo's Finance, GIS and real estate English glossary. Английский глоссарий по ГИС(Географическая информационная система) и недвижимости Sean Woo's Finance. 2012