Meaning of ATM [ASYNCHRONOUS TRANSFER MODE] in English

ATM [ASYNCHRONOUS TRANSFER MODE]

ATM is a network technology based on transferring data in cells or packets of a fixed size. The cell used with ATM is relatively small compared to units used with older technologies. The small, constant cell size allows ATM equipment to transmit video, audio, and computer data over the same network, and assure that no single type of data hogs the line. ATM creates a fixed channel, or route, between two points whenever data transfer begins. This differs from TCP/IP, in which messages are divided into packets and each packet can take a different route from source to destination. This difference makes it easier to track and bill data usage across an ATM network, but it makes it less adaptable to sudden surges in network traffic. Not currently practical for large-scale graphic arts and publishing file transmission applications.

DAX English glossary of key connectivity terms.      Английский глоссарий основных терминов по коммуникациям DAX.