Meaning of LIQUID in English

LIQUID

INDEX:

1. a liquid

2. an amount of liquid

3. a liquid that flows easily

4. a liquid that is almost solid

5. when something becomes a liquid

6. when a liquid gets thicker

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ POUR

↑ FLOW

↑ WATER

↑ WET

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1. a liquid

▷ liquid /ˈlɪkwɪd, ˈlɪkwəd/ [countable/uncountable noun]

a substance, such as water or milk, that is not a solid and not a gas :

▪ Add most of the flour to the liquid and stir the mixture.

▪ She screamed as the boiling liquid burned her skin.

liquid [adjective usually before noun]

use this about something which is liquid, but which is usually a solid or a gas :

▪ Treat your plants once a week with liquid fertiliser.

▪ liquid soap

▪ liquid nitrogen

▷ fluid /ˈfluːɪd, ˈfluːəd/ [countable/uncountable noun]

a liquid - used especially in technical contexts :

▪ In extreme heat your body will lose fluid and salt.

▪ Brake fluid was leaking out from under my car.

body/bodily fluids

▪ The HIV virus is transmitted though body fluids, during sexual intercourse.

2. an amount of liquid

▷ drop /drɒpǁdrɑːp/ [countable noun]

a very small amount of liquid in a round shape, that falls from somewhere :

drop of

▪ Big drops of rain slid down the window pane.

▪ Add a few drops of vanilla essence, the egg white and half the butter.

▪ She applied a few drops of perfume behind her ears and smiled at her reflection in the mirror.

▷ blob /blɒbǁblɑːb/ [countable noun]

a drop or small amount of thick liquid :

blob of paint/glue/wax/grease etc

▪ Rita dropped a blob of paint on the new carpet.

▪ Blobs of wax had dripped from the candle onto the table cloth.

▪ Put a blob of glue on each surface and carefully press together.

▷ pool /puːl/ [countable noun]

an area of liquid lying on a surface :

pool of

▪ Trautman was lying in a pool of blood.

▪ A pool of oil had collected under the car.

3. a liquid that flows easily

▷ thin /θɪn/ [adjective]

a thin liquid flows very easily - use this about liquids that are often thick :

▪ The paint was too thin, and was dripping everywhere.

▪ For these crepes you will need a fairly thin batter, so do not add too much flour.

▷ runny /ˈrʌni/ [adjective] informal

food that is runny is liquid but should be thicker than it is :

▪ a boiled egg with a runny yolk

▪ runny custard

▷ watery /ˈwɔːt ə riǁˈwɔː-, ˈwɑː-/ [adjective]

food or drink that is watery contains too much water, so that it does not taste or look good :

▪ The coffee is horrible - really weak and watery.

▪ All they had to eat for weeks was bread and watery cabbage soup.

4. a liquid that is almost solid

▷ thick /θɪk/ [adjective]

a thick liquid flows slowly because it is almost solid :

▪ If you want to make the sauce thicker, add flour.

▪ thick vegetable soup

▷ lumpy /ˈlʌmpi/ [adjective]

a liquid that is lumpy contains small solid pieces, so it is not as smooth as it should be :

▪ This gravy is lumpy.

▪ I hate lumpy porridge.

▷ creamy /ˈkriːmi/ [adjective]

thick and smooth like cream :

▪ The tomato soup was hot, creamy and delicious.

▪ Add the chocolate to the butter and eggs, stirring the mixture until it is thick and creamy.

▷ smooth /smuːð/ [adjective]

if a liquid is smooth, it is thick and has no lumps in it, especially because it has been mixed very well :

▪ Beat the eggs and flour until they are smooth.

▪ Blend the strawberries with a little icing sugar in a food processor until it forms a smooth purée.

▷ paste /peɪst/ [countable noun]

a soft and usually sticky mixture of liquid and another substance, which you can spread easily :

▪ Mix the flour in just enough milk to make a smooth paste.

▪ Tahini is a paste made from ground sesame seeds.

▪ He made a paste of mud and water.

5. when something becomes a liquid

▷ melt /melt/ [intransitive verb]

if something solid melts or if heat melts it, it becomes liquid :

▪ The chocolate had melted and was all over the inside of her pocket.

▪ Melt the butter in a saucepan and stir in the sugar.

melted [adjective only before noun]

▪ a pasta dish topped with melted cheese

▷ dissolve /dɪˈzɒlvǁdɪˈzɑːlv/ [intransitive verb]

if something solid dissolves or if you dissolve it, it is added to a liquid and mixed with it, so that it become liquid itself :

▪ The crystals dissolve in water to create a purple liquid.

▪ Dissolve the salt in 125 ml of hot water.

▷ thaw /θɔː/ [intransitive verb]

if ice, snow, or a frozen lake or river thaws, it becomes a liquid because the temperature has become warmer :

▪ The lake is frozen all winter, but it usually thaws in March.

▪ The snow had started to thaw, and there was a faint scent of spring in the air.

▷ melt down /ˌmelt ˈdaʊn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to melt something such as a metal object, especially so that you can make it into something different :

melt down something

▪ He melts down coins to make into earrings and ornaments.

▪ Most of the brass in the church has been melted down and sold.

melt something down

▪ We collected all the old candles and melted them down to make one big candle.

▷ molten /ˈməʊlt ə n/ [adjective only before noun]

molten rock, metal, glass etc has been made into a liquid by being heated to a very high temperature :

▪ You can watch craftsmen make beautiful vases out of molten glass.

▪ The town was buried under a river of molten lava.

▪ Castings are made by pouring molten metal into a mould and allowing it to solidify.

▷ condense /kənˈdens/ [intransitive verb]

if gas or steam condenses, it becomes liquid by becoming colder :

▪ Steam from the shower condensed on the cold bathroom mirror.

▪ During cold nights, air condenses on the grass to form dew.

condense into

▪ The gaseous metal is put in a closed container and cooled so that it condenses into liquid zinc.

▷ soluble /ˈsɒljɑb ə lǁˈsɑː-/ [adjective]

a solid substance that is soluble can be mixed into a liquid so that it become part of it :

▪ soluble aspirin

▪ The use of soluble chemical fertilizers is banned, as they seep into rivers and pollute the water supply.

be soluble in something

▪ There are two sorts of vitamins: some are soluble in fat, and some soluble in water.

water-soluble/fat-soluble etc

soluble in water, fat etc

▪ Plants take up water-soluble minerals through their roots.

6. when a liquid gets thicker

▷ thicken/get thicker /ˈθɪkən, get ˈθɪkəʳ/ [intransitive verb/verb phrase]

if a liquid thickens or you thicken it, it becomes more solid and does not flow very easily :

▪ When the sauce is just starting to thicken, pour it over the meat.

▪ Now boil the mixture until it thickens.

▪ As the temperature goes down, the oil in the engine gets thicker.

▷ set /set/ [intransitive verb]

if a liquid sets, for example some types of food or plastics, it becomes solid or almost solid after a period of time :

▪ Leave the jam in a cool place to set.

▪ It’s best to pour your yoghurt into small containers before it sets.

▪ Has the glue set yet?

▷ clot /klɒtǁklɑːt/ [intransitive verb]

if blood clots, it becomes thicker and more solid :

▪ Blood had clotted on the cuts on his back and on his arms.

▪ Some types of snake venom prevent blood from clotting.

▷ congeal /kənˈdʒiːl/ [intransitive verb]

if a liquid congeals, it thickens and becomes unpleasantly sticky and almost solid as it becomes cooler :

▪ Josie picked up a plate of congealed egg and beans, and scraped it into the bin.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .