Meaning of CLOSED in English

CLOSED

adjective

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a closed circle (= not open to other people )

He didn’t have much experience of life beyond the closed circle of his family.

a private/closed meeting (= that only a few people are allowed to go to )

The senator attended a private meeting with the president.

a road is closed

The mountain road was closed by snow.

closed captioned

closed circuit television

closed economy

closed season

closed shop

closed/shut

All the windows were closed.

have sth open/closed/on etc

I had my eyes half-closed.

Janice likes to have the window open.

She had her back to the door.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

book

Linear preoccupation in the past remains a closed book to modern understanding.

But your own past can be a closed book , even at fourteen.

The kitchenette is a closed book .

The highly organised St Stephen's Society programme which she now leads was at that time a closed book to her!

I tell myself it's a closed book , but my cover story becomes an old man's compensation.

I can not believe that it can be right that this late in the game Poetry is still a closed book .

circle

Again, you will have a closed circle of suspects.

The objectivity of the psychophysical laws - and the escape from the closed circle of experience - is more apparent than real.

It was too much of a closed circle .

circuit

Estimates have now been obtained to install a closed circuit television system in both the Myles Meehan and the Long Gallery.

Not in person, but via a closed circuit television screen that fills an entire wall.

Obtaining the necessary, sometimes expensive, special equipment such as closed circuit television takes time and persistence.

The trial made legal history when child witnesses gave evidence using closed circuit television cameras.

It is a simple closed circuit television system, a video camera photographing a speech being rolled beneath it.

I turned our closed circuit cameras on to the flag-wavers and they appeared on the huge screens above the stage.

class

Since words in the closed class have a syntactic rather than a semantic role in utterances they are also known as function words.

In addition to whole words, the closed class also contains affixes.

Like many distinctions, that between open and closed classes of lexical items is not an absolute one.

However, for the moment we will accept the division of lexical items into open and closed classes .

Stemberger compared the frequencies with which these three types of error occurred with open and closed class lexical items.

This might suggest that the major difficulty with closed class items is that they are harder to access than open class items.

So it seems unlikely that closed class items were more difficult to retrieve than open class items.

Words in the closed class , on the other hand, are used in order to express grammatical relations between words.

door

She clutched the rail to steady herself, reached the deck and went to the closed doors of the lounge.

We think, but we don't really know what they were saying to each other behind closed doors .

Each band was identified only by a number, and they were marked by adjudicators sitting behind closed doors .

A closed door stops draughts spreading the flames, and dramatically slows the progress of a fire.

Now I was standing at the closed door listening to his absence.

In this case, it seems that the DoE will decide behind closed doors .

Conference officials chuckled when they heard Mr Milosevic yelling at Mr Karadzic behind closed doors .

Paige frowned at the closed door .

economy

Czechoslovakia still insists on an inflated hard currency exchange rate which reflects its closed economy .

Consider a simple closed economy with no government.

Stage 1 will tend to be more powerful than in a closed economy .

In a closed economy , it follows that by definition, Investment is seen as an activity of firms.

mind

It is from closed minds that so many social evils flow.

What is vital is that no employer should approach disciplinary problems with a closed mind .

What we seek is merely evidence that Pound didn't go to Sicily with a closed mind .

Openmindedness Open up to the possibility of how closed your mind is A closed mind is a small mind!

A closed mind is when you believe that your way of making profit is superior to everyone else's.

A closed mind is when you consistently believe that you're right and the other person is wrong.

Mirth is one of the gifts of men for it is an opener of the closed mind .

question

Don't ask questions or ask closed questions.

A asks B closed questions , which B tries to answer as expansively as possible.

Many pupils were still asking closed questions that did not encourage or prompt elaborated answers.

In the meantime, closed questions can start us on the path to fuller negotiation.

With closed questions , the researcher has in some way limited the possible responses.

Open and closed questions with a period of miming thrown in.

If some one is: Talking too much, over-disclosing Ask closed questions which require yes, no or one-word answers.

When seeking information, use a closed question for a yes/no answer.

session

As the working party suggested, a section of the Council meeting dealing with private Institute business was held in closed session .

In a closed session , Mr Modrow appealed to the delegates not to allow the party to disintegrate.

They claimed a report advising against fighting a costly appeal with the electricity giant should have been discussed in closed session .

The question of the Ministries of Defence and Foreign Affairs was discussed in closed session , and their survival was subsequently decided.

The revelation was discussed at closed sessions of the Senate select committee on intelligence, chaired by Democrat David Boren.

set

Systems consist of a very small number of terms which thus constitute closed sets .

Two separate operations are needed to normalise this sentence, one involving closed set items: 8a.

shop

This was not so easy at that time as the crewing arrangements were very much of a closed shop .

It was the last closed shop in Britain, he said, and it had to go.

The production unions' success had various causes, including an effective closed shop and weak newspaper managements.

Mr Fowler said it was an historic step, because the closed shop had existed for more than 100 years.

Therefore, your club must not be a closed shop .

The closed shop and the wildcat strike have undermined the legitimacy of modern trade unionism.

Their purpose was to weaken the closed shop and to outlaw secondary picketing.

Tebbit found himself unable to outlaw the closed shop entirely.

system

A closed system is a system in which there is no net gain or loss of matter in the system.

In closed systems the fear of being considered faint-hearted, or uninvolved, or unsupportive prevents such doubts being voiced at all.

The attraction of their closed system was considerable.

This says that in any closed system disorder, or entropy, always increases with time.

The closed system is thus characteristic of grammar, the open set of lexis.

world

This is especially true of elderly people in mental handicap hospitals who have lived in a closed world all their lives.

We are a closed world , having little contact with Federation authority.

Such contact can often help individuals to move out of their own, often closed world of despair.

For the public, a rare glimpse into a closed world .

Many social scientists have found the closed world of political extremists to be an exotic topic of study.

Sky, clouds, then down into the closed world of water sound distortion.

To be a true professional, you had to live in a closed world .

Everyone in the galaxy, probably even in the closed worlds , knows what those colours mean.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a closed book

But your own past can be a closed book , even at fourteen.

He is holding a closed book , signifying a mystery, possibly a stage in the alchemical process.

I can not believe that it can be right that this late in the game Poetry is still a closed book .

I tell myself it's a closed book , but my cover story becomes an old man's compensation.

Linear preoccupation in the past remains a closed book to modern understanding.

The highly organised St Stephen's Society programme which she now leads was at that time a closed book to her!

The kitchenette is a closed book .

The Shoah will never be a closed book .

be closed

As far as I am concerned, the matter is closed .

The ticket office was closed .

Until we can talk about this in a civil manner, I consider the discussion closed .

Course all the stores are closed now.

For insurance reasons, the course will be closed to automobile traffic.

Muzi Ford in Needham was closed .

Roads were closed and eight ambulances stood by as the cloud drifted towards the villages of Wincham and Lostock Gralam.

The A55 Conwy tunnel was closed for more than an hour.

The National University was closed four years ago by the army.

The period should be closed so that actual expenditures as they occurred are stated in this column. 2.

The Ptarmigan was closed , and so I walked down beneath the ski-tow towards the road.

can do sth with your eyes shut/closed

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Community leaders are having a closed meeting with the mayor.

During the period of the Cold War, many Communist countries were virtually closed societies.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Again, you will have a closed circle of suspects.

Her eyes kept flickering shut, though, and they finally stayed closed as she gently snoozed.

Many social scientists have found the closed world of political extremists to be an exotic topic of study.

Stepping towards the opponent's closed side provides fewer targets, though it does succeed in preventing an immediate, effective counter.

The Macintosh, on the other hand, uses the Motorola 68000 and was designed as a closed architecture.

We think, but we don't really know what they were saying to each other behind closed doors.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.