Meaning of COST in English

COST

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

additional costs/expenditure etc

An additional charge is made on baggage exceeding the weight allowance.

an unnecessary expense/cost

He thinks advertising is an unnecessary expense.

annual budget/income/cost etc

a household with an annual income of $60,000

at no extra cost

Residents can use the gym at no extra cost .

average cost

The average cost of making a movie has risen by 15%.

be estimated to be/have/cost etc

The tree is estimated to be at least 700 years old.

construction costs

The total construction costs will reach £125 million.

cost a fortune (= be very expensive )

It’ll cost a fortune if we go by taxi.

cost conscious

Companies keen to increase their profits have to be cost conscious.

cost efficient (= costing or spending as little as possible )

The larger a firm becomes the more cost efficient it can become.

cost lives/cost sb their life (= result in deaths/in someone’s death )

That decision may have cost him his life.

cost lives/cost sb their life (= result in deaths/in someone’s death )

That decision may have cost him his life.

cost money/cost a lot of money

Good food doesn’t have to cost a lot of money.

cost money/cost a lot of money

Good food doesn’t have to cost a lot of money.

cost of living

Average wages have increased in line with the cost of living.

cost price

cost...a penny

It didn’t cost me a penny .

cost...a pound

The grapes cost $2 a pound .

cost...dearly

The weakness in their defense has already cost them dearly this season.

cost/spend/pay a small fortune

It must have cost him a small fortune.

court costs

You could be ordered to pay court costs.

cover...costs

Airlines are raising fares to cover the rising costs of fuel.

cut costs (= reduce the amount you spend running a business, a home etc )

They cut costs by getting rid of staff.

fixed costs

fuel costs/prices

The increase in fuel costs is severely affecting pensioners.

funeral expenses/costs

incur expenses/costs/losses/debts etc

If the council loses the appeal, it will incur all the legal costs.

the heavy losses incurred by airlines since September 11th

indirect cost

labour costs

There was pressure to keep down labour costs.

operating costs

They were trying to reduce operating costs .

pay/charge/cost etc extra

I earn extra for working on Sunday.

production costs/facilities/processes etc

high-tech production methods

running costs

shoulder the cost

The government has decided to shoulder the extra cost itself.

spillover effect/benefit/cost

The weak European economy will have a spillover effect on the US dollar.

split the cost

We agreed to split the cost .

the true cost of sth

The fixed prescription charge conceals from the general public the true cost of medicines.

transport costs

We must ensure that transport costs are kept low.

travel expenses/costs

They offered to pay my travel expenses.

trim costs

We need to trim costs by £500m.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

additional

If many paths pick up additional cost at each expansion, then the cost of a path will increase with its length.

These additional costs are of two kinds.

The resultant saving in replacement parts and additional bagging costs was £20,000.

Any regiments may swap their spears for halberds at an additional cost of +1 point per model.

Any Mobs of wolf riders may be equipped with shields at an additional cost of +1 point per model.

The additional cost of repairs in mid-Ulster and central Belfast will put severe strain on the Northern Ireland Office budget.

administrative

Thirdly, in comparison with cash flow accounting, accruals adjustments demand a higher administrative and accounting cost .

People will be compelled to spend the money on the truly needy recipients and not on administrative costs .

Nevertheless contracting does incur greater administrative costs in the form of new accounting and information systems and staff.

Only 10 to 15 percent goes toward administrative costs , which is certainly not exorbitant.

There also may be additional administrative costs .

Ten percent was allocated to administrative costs , and the remaining 20 percent for human service programs.

Economies of scale and the use of computers were expected to reduce administrative costs .

The sites shared administrative costs , selectors and a catalogue which included an illustration and biographical details for each artist.

annual

At 30 dollars a barrel we have a total annual fuel cost of 4. 82 billion dollars.

If this were paid for over 20 years at 10 percent interest, the annual cost would be £1200.

In 1995, the annual cost of this extensive program was $ 987, 000.

The annual cost is estimated at $ 310m.

The average annual cost of use of the drugs is estimated at $ 15, 000.

The Ulster Hospital will foot the annual £100,000 annual running costs .

The merged company hopes to cut $ 800 million in annual operating costs .

average

But when the average cost curve is falling the marginal cost curve lies below average cost.

The goal would be in conjunction with a goal to freeze average product-development costs at Ford at 1995 levels.

The price in column 4 is simply 20 percent on the corresponding average cost from year 2 onwards.

This marginal cost will, of course, also increase the average cost, but the average cost will increase more slowly.

The average cost of recording a pop single was in thousands rather than hundreds of pounds.

In a similar way we can first examine ray average costs and returns to scale along a ray.

The average cost of capital is primarily of interest in capital structure management.

environmental

In many cases, both the minimisation of environmental impact and cost savings compared with previous practice have been achieved.

Foes, in addition, worry about the environmental cost .

This clearly implies that the full environmental costs of mining operations should be borne by the operator.

Social and environmental costs Much has been written on the social and environmental costs of opencast coal.

Planning can include social and environmental costs . 2.

Moreover, countries should price fuels to reflect their full costs , including environmental costs.

In a free market, polluting coal-fired power stations and unpopular nuclear ones should be less competitive because of rising environmental costs .

extra

It was held that the refusal was unreasonable because the employers had agreed to pay the extra travelling costs .

Access, at extra cost , to e-mail and the Internet or to instant information like sports results or stock data.

Should not the regulator ensure that the extra costs for higher cost plant are not passed to consumers?

But we also recognise that all families face extra costs in bringing up children.

If you are under 60 when the advance is made your life is insured at no extra cost .

This can be supplemented by written exercises which will be computer assessed at an extra cost of £15.

Step 2: Deduct extra costs , time and resources incurred owing to claimable events from the contract model.

A slight extension of those bands could ease the extra cost that might be brought about by improvements.

full

So far the Government have not even given a commitment to reimburse the full cost of that.

If New York State was being asked to pay the full cost , why not Ontario?

If you don't qualify for a voucher you will have to pay the full cost of the glasses yourself.

The fees charged on this scale represent the full economic cost of tuition for each degree.

However, not all packages cover the full cost .

The term fee is usually used to mean a payment that covers the full cost of the service provided.

If you are booking within 8 weeks of departure you must pay the full cost of your holiday immediately.

The developer will normally bear the full cost of the supply.

high

At the same time, a combination of high costs and cutthroat pricing is driving out manufacturers of computing and communications hardware.

It should be noted that the shorter the lending period, the higher the cost of missed discounts.

All high cost drugs are already rationed in hospitals through drug and therapeutics committees and clinical pharmacy services.

Cirrus also was saddled with higher operating costs than other companies, in part because it had grown so fast.

Profit margins have generally been squeezed by the higher cost of imports, said Trade Indemnity spokeswoman Barbara Bennett.

It blamed lower holiday sales, crimped gross margin, stormy weather and higher costs .

The lack of such participants has been aggravated over the years by high commission costs and clearing fees.

The recession, inflation, and high food costs caused rapid growth in the number of food co-ops.

legal

The prince's solicitors said the $ 4m was intended to be used to pay Aitken's legal costs .

The firm then reimbursed the fund for the $ 200, 000 it had received from the fund for legal costs .

Usually, the successful party is awarded legal costs against the loser.

Taft said Simpson has been liquidating assets to pay bills including taxes, legal costs , and business and household expenses.

The Halifax, Coventry and Portman will pay basic legal costs and give a free valuation.

He spent $ 2 million on legal and accounting costs .

But the magistrate awarded De Pace £800 compensation for anxiety and sleepless nights, £74 for dental bills and £640 legal costs .

This is less odd than it looks: it pays creditors to avoid the delays and legal costs of chapter 11.

low

This illustrates the importance of providing investors with products that meet their requirements at low costs .

The company negotiates lower drug costs with pharmacies for health maintenance organizations, whose stock were generally lower today.

Some methods of treatment require plants that cost more than others. whereas some processes may have much lower running costs.

Another reason some producers like docudramas is their low cost .

The second main phase of programmed instruction became feasible with the development of low cost computing.

By polluting, that is, by creating spillover costs , the firm enjoys lower production costs and the supply curve 5.

And it is with fonts that the low cost desktop publishing system really does have problems.

Third was the development of a vast body of knowledge within the industry of how to retail food efficiently at low cost .

marginal

There is a case for government intervention to make sure marginal social cost and marginal social benefit are equated.

And a difference between price and marginal cost can make behavior very different from that in a perfectly competitive model.

But when the average cost curve is falling the marginal cost curve lies below average cost.

Pricing at marginal cost might equate marginal cost and benefit but would entail losses.

For example, an input may be priced at above marginal cost in a situation where there are variable proportions in production.

To sum up, prices should be set at short-run marginal cost .

If we can measure the marginal cost directly, we can infer the implicit marginal benefit from saving life through that activity.

Any new in-house benefits an employer provides should be computed on a marginal cost basis.

rising

Local communities are often unwilling to reflect rising costs of waste management in higher local taxation.

Though the format has had to be changed because of rising costs , the event was nevertheless a great success.

They feel pinched by rising costs in repairs and housing.

In some cases, a low income is not keeping pace with the rising cost of food.

The rubbish companies run into other problems as they try to push through the higher charges justified by their rising costs .

Their profits are weakening thanks to tougher competition, loan write-offs and a rising cost of funds.

The purpose of these calculations has been to demonstrate that rising average cost is consistent with natural monopoly.

The rising costs of warfare by the late thirteenth century were a reason for fiscal innovations.

running

Would that count as a track cost or a running cost?

Here, the university provides premises for a social centre For the graduates; the Manpower Services Commission provides the running costs .

Does the private cultural foundation cover the running costs of the museum for the next ten years?

Schemes Since that time, more than £1.51m has been spent on crime-fighting schemes, with running costs adding a further £100,000-a-year.

Likewise, you may be able to cut the running costs , for example with insulation.

The only qualification is being able to afford a Ferrari and its running costs .

Expensive repairs Frank Wood reported on the general running costs of buildings and land.

Assume also that running costs are financed with credit until receipts are received.

social

Marginal social cost and marginal social benefit would then be equated at the point E *;.

If the social benefits outweigh the social costs , the constraint involved will be worthwhile.

Thus, beyond a certain point the marginal social benefit of further risk reduction will exceed the marginal social cost .

With no production externality, marginal private cost and marginal social cost coincide.

They cited an inadequate environmental impact study, high social costs , and dangers to health.

And in this case the workers engaged in the production of luxury goods should now be seen as a social cost .

These procedures are essentially intended to assess the social costs of school reorganization.

For these reasons, the precise extent of the social cost of monopoly remains a subject of continuing controversy.

total

In her day cream was 1s. per pint and she estimated the total cost of her trifle at 5s. 6d.

The difference is that he would pay the total premium costs to Medicare and leave out Medigap.

Initially, you only need five hundred records, the total cost of which can be less than £500.

How would the total costs differ? 5.

The three bodies last year put up a total of £245,000 of the event's total cost of more than £300,000.

Substituting Equations 1 and 2 into Equation 5 allows total cost to be expressed as a function of Q: 6.

If successfully claimed, 50 percent of the total costs of the training would be refunded by Grampian Enterprise.

A base spokesman said the total cost of relocating personnel and planes this summer will run as high as $ 3 million.

true

Compare carefully the costs of these link ups with the true costs of bringing people together physically.

Once they expose the true cost of their subsidies, elected officials often decide that some are inappropriate.

The true cost of allowing unfettered insider dealing has become less important than what people think the true costs to be.

Meanwhile, economists argue about whether the true cost of healthcare has even gone down under managed care.

If drivers paid the true costs of road use, they might switch to less congested times, or make fewer journeys.

Pondering these questions will help us to evaluate its true benefits and costs .

The true cost of allowing unfettered insider dealing has become less important than what people think the true costs to be.

■ NOUN

labour

The reduction in labour costs has certainly been significant.

Throughout the last two decades labour costs have increased, in general, more rapidly than end-product prices.

Those firms within the Community which employ labour illicitly will reduce their labour costs and gain a competitive advantage in production.

Actually, it is rather surprising that the labour cost hasn't gone up more, especially in view of the national rates.

This has gone up in virtually the same proportion as the labour cost .

Viable recycling depends on a happy coincidence of materials costs , labour costs and technology.

Even opting out of the social chapter to undercut the core on labour costs will not ultimately compensate for complete isolation.

The feasible real wage will be determined by, for example, unit labour costs and the mark up over unit labour costs.

production

The firm's production cost will understate the true social cost and the good will be overproduced.

According to the latest Pentagon estimate, each new F-22 could cost $ 198 million when development and production costs are calculated.

Of course, the reduction in reports also leads to a lower administrative and production cost .

Their already world-class development and production costs were lowered more.

The total production cost is the sum of these two quantities, giving the line so marked.

The ideal situation would be to recover the capital investment and the production costs and still make a reasonable profit.

However, relative production costs in the two sectors are also an important influence.

Nalco Chemical wanted to cut production costs .

■ VERB

add

It adds to the cost of dividends and so to the cost of raising capital from shareholders.

Now Miles calculates the tip for us and adds this to the cost of the meal.

Electricity giants Powergen claim environmental protection measures demanded by Sefton Council will add £12m to the cost of the £40m project.

For the elderly, Medicare HMOs offer prescription coverage and other extras at no added cost .

The life wrapper itself adds another layer of costs to the underlying fund management charges.

The extra expense would amount to $ 112, 320 a year in added fuel costs .

For example, regulation may bring benefits in terms of consumer protection but add costs by making firms less competitive.

Every unnecessary pound of steel meant several unnecessary dollars added to the cost .

bear

And who will bear the cost ?

Such action forces potential offenders, under the threat of legal action, to bear all the costs associated with their production.

The Legal Aid Fund bears the costs risk rather than the litigant.

Instead, landowner Peter Dillingham will bear the cost .

Could the slave-plantation economy bear the double cost of investing heavily in both mechanisation and slave workers?

Retailers are in the immediate line of fire and were first to bear the brunt of cost cutting.

For the moment, capital was bearing the costs of overaccumulation.

The insured must bear the costs of the Engineers fees unless liability is subsequently established under the policy.

count

Would that count as a track cost or a running cost?

Remember the New Testament warning, before you undertake a project, be sure to count the cost .

I sat and began to count the cost in dirhams, then dollars, then pounds to the boy's father.

Meanwhile residents of Ewyas Harold have been counting the cost of yesterdays flooding.

But many Cotswold traders are now counting the cost of a lost weekend.

We count the cost when we are deprived of activities and things we enjoy.

Left: Sinead counts the cost of caring.

So count the cost of the holocaust Stand up and fight For peace.

cover

This saving would easily cover the cost of adjusting cars which can not already run on unleaded petrol.

The $ 1 million is intended just to cover the cost of closing the center.

However, not all packages cover the full cost .

Private placements can cover the costs of everything from paying off old debt to paying for a new factory.

Does the private cultural foundation cover the running costs of the museum for the next ten years?

Phoenix expects to incur a one-time charge of $ 1 million to cover severance and relocation costs associated with the move.

But, in principle, an enterprise might be so inefficient that its revenues fail to cover even the cost of materials.

Friday, Corrections Department spokeswoman Gloria Isaac said the agency had agreed to cover the costs .

cut

You can often re-sell books and cut the original cost of purchase.

They cut costs and became more productive.

By the start of the 1980s, however, the company had cut its operating costs pretty much to the bone.

If it proves successful, the device will dramatically cut the cost of battery power.

In the past two years, the company has laid off at least 1, 500 employees to cut overhead costs .

This will cut the cost of solar cells by more than half, and increase their ability to convert light to electricity.

To cut costs , managed-care companies have squeezed prices at the pharmacy counter.

estimate

In her day cream was 1s. per pint and she estimated the total cost of her trifle at 5s. 6d.

Second and third children are estimated to cost 19. 6 percent and 38 percent less per child respectively.

The Congressional Budget Office estimates the cost at a still jaw-dropping $ 50 billion a year.

It will bear the brunt of the estimated $ 1 billion cost for the changes on Okinawa.

And that is why estimating the cost of any action involving lawyers can be tricky.

Production costs are estimated by using the cost structure in Figure 3.4.

The estimated $ 6,500 cost of insulating the attic will be split three ways.

include

The payment should include the cost of re-tiling any damaged tiles or tiles affected by the replacement items.

This figure includes the cost of laying the pipeline and coal handling and storage cost.

Dispute Mediation will offer fixed-price mediation to include the costs of administration, venue and mediator.

Those figures include the cost of obtaining financing.

The points values for characters do not include the cost of their magic items.

Accommodations are not included and cost $ 79 a night, double.

Research contracts should include costs for the provision of computing services wherever appropriate.

Answer guide: The question here i6 what should be included as the cost of goods sold.

increase

But increased short-term costs should result in overall savings in the longer term.

Empowerment increases the opportunity costs of children, prompting later marriages and increasing the divorce rate, similarly lowering fertility.

But such taxes would also increase the cost of capital for those countries which could least afford it.

The polyester products maker attributed the forecast to weak world-wide demand that has lowered production volumes and increased manufacturing costs .

It is said that they would increase the cost of petrol by 20p a gallon.

This marginal cost will, of course, also increase the average cost, but the average cost will increase more slowly.

He has put before the House an illustration of how the Labour party wants to increase the cost of national insurance.

My husband is still trying to figure out where this money will come from after another round of increased government costs .

incur

Nevertheless contracting does incur greater administrative costs in the form of new accounting and information systems and staff.

During the quarter, Verio began to incur costs associated with the previously announced expansion of its hosting operations.

Lack of mobility may mean that older people with disabilities have to incur the cost of private transport in order to get about.

Such measures inevitably incur substantial costs which in turn increases the cost of crop production.

Note 6: We concluded in Note 4 that department Z will not incur further variable overhead costs .

Using a bank overdraft, would incur an interest cost , with tax capital allowances being available as above.

Because of this possibility, shareholders will have to incur monitoring costs or agency costs to ensure that managers behave properly.

An individual farmer can produce good farm-saved seed only by incurring costs very close to the price of certified seed.

meet

Barnardo's had to draw £1.7 million from its reserves to meet costs .

Alternatively, the prices could be adjusted somehow so that they met total costs .

A steady income stream is required to meet the costs of the syndicated lending department.

The company will meet launch costs of some £2.5 million.

The cancer institute met the major costs of discovery, but Glaxo claims it is recovering costs.

Many families now rely on a joint income to meet their living costs .

National guarantees can not possibly take account of this variation, and standards can often only be met at a cost elsewhere.

There is now some provision to meet the extra costs of the disability itself.

operate

The first is by cutting operating costs , which have been rising faster than revenues.

The regulation worked out so that the company provided local service at prices that failed to cover more than direct operating costs .

But management seemed unperturbed, claiming that shareholders needed a stronger share price, which called for lower operating costs .

Absenteeism, turnover, and operating costs were all high.

Most combinations offered lower operating costs than the base case, but at the price of increased track maintenance charges.

Now downtown and suburban churches pick up the $ 215, 000-a-year operating costs .

But the high capital cost problem that prevented the installation of the relay towers has turned into an operating cost problem.

By the start of the 1980s, however, the company had cut its operating costs pretty much to the bone.

pay

However, the benefactor may have to pay the newspaper's costs if the latter is successful.

Knight said such a situation would create an undue hardship for businesses that would have to pay the cost of health benefits.

Companies will also be obliged to pay clean-up costs .

C., than paying the added cost of having the entire entourage remain on the campaign trail overnight.

The mortgagor had been ordered to pay the mortgagee's costs which had been taxed at £60.

The member must pay for transaction costs , Nemeth said.

Budapest Municipality will pay half the cost of fitting a converter, but many may prefer to upgrade to new cars.

Backers of the stadium hope to pay much of the cost of the stadium by selling luxury suites and private seat licenses.

provide

Various adjustments are made to allow for special circumstances affecting local costs of providing particular services.

For a commodity like steel or water, the cost of providing this material from Earth is dominated by its launch cost.

Read in studio A new meals on wheels scheme is being tested which could cut the cost of providing hot school dinners.

The second part clarifies when employers may obtain tax relief for the costs of providing childcare assistance for their employees.

How about the cost of providing police protection for 25, 000 people?

It has been proved that Lothian has low bureaucratic costs and provides an above average standard of services at low cost.

The most immediate and obvious impact on group medical plans will be an increased cost to employers to provide those plans.

reduce

The Stock Exchange thus reduces the cost of capital to companies.

The system is intended to emphasize preventive health care and reduce costs .

Planned maintenance minimises unforeseen breakdowns, reduces machine running costs and ensures optimum machine availability.

Customers are offered a greater range of destinations and flight times, while carriers can reduce capacity and share costs .

In 1965 the Government of the day introduced corporation tax which reduced the cost of servicing debt.

The timely provision of psychiatric care can dramatically reduce the use and costs of medical care for these patients.

This helps to improve the exporters' cash flows and reduce overall debt administrative costs .

The first is to increase the ease and reduce the cost of performing previously expensive, time-consuming tasks.

rise

It is hoped that, by putting the contract out to competitive tender, efficiency will rise and costs will fall.

Weak earnings, especially in the derivatives business, and rising costs led Standard&038;.

In a free market, polluting coal-fired power stations and unpopular nuclear ones should be less competitive because of rising environmental costs .

The Trotskyist movement has long advocated a sliding scale of wages to meet the rising cost of living.

Increases of up to 50 percent on vehicle inspection rates signal further rises in cabbies' costs .

Therefore, a higher product price is necessary to cover these rising costs .

It was also argued that costs for small investors would rise .

Clinton also wants to impose budget controls in case those market forces are out-muscled by rising costs .

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

buy sth at the cost/expense/price of sth

cost a pretty penny

cost sb dear

cost/pay/charge the earth

A well planned, well made kitchen that doesn't cost the earth .

But ... but it must cost the earth .

He would miss seeing Harry and, besides, a weekend at some hotel would cost the earth .

In Coventry Sir William Lyons produced wonderful engineering and style-but he didn't believe his cars should cost the earth .

It is possible to pay the earth for beauty products.

It would cost the earth , but it had to be safer than Nigel's Aston Martin.

This is a flexible, well-designed machine which produces quality prints and doesn't cost the earth to print them.

count the cost

The school overspent on its budget last year, and now it's having to count the cost.

We are now counting the cost of our earlier mistakes.

As we wait at the station are we still counting the cost, and weighing consequences in the balance?

But many Cotswold traders are now counting the cost of a lost weekend.

I sat and began to count the cost in dirhams, then dollars, then pounds to the boy's father.

Left: Sinead counts the cost of caring.

Meanwhile residents of Ewyas Harold have been counting the cost of yesterdays flooding.

Remember the New Testament warning, before you undertake a project, be sure to count the cost.

So count the cost of the holocaust Stand up and fight For peace.

We count the cost when we are deprived of activities and things we enjoy.

defray costs/expenses

And they allow boat owners the chance to defray costs by chartering out their vessels through the club.

Donations are welcome to defray expenses.

The price of the ticket has been kept low and it is necessary to run raffles to defray expenses.

meet a debt/cost/expense etc

Barnardo's had to draw £1.7 million from its reserves to meet costs.

mission/cost/grade etc creep

It is a case of mission creep gone wildly over the top.

shoulder the responsibility/duty/cost/burden etc

After the publicists, casting directors began to shoulder the burden.

He failed to shoulder the responsibility, which Government should shoulder, for imposing the tax in the first place.

I think everyone has got to shoulder the responsibility for defeat, not just Graham.

It does indeed make those who require nursing care through no fault of their own shoulder the cost.

Voice over Swindon is one of the eighties boom towns which has had to shoulder the burden of recession.

Why, he asked, should the taxpayer shoulder the burden of expropriation?

the cost of living

total number/amount/cost etc

Additional disk space is a dollar or two per megabyte per month, depending on total amount.

Microcell bid only in southern Ontario for a total cost of $ 19.2-million.

Multiply the number of widths by the number of pattern repeats per drop to give the total number of pattern repeats required.

The total amount of contributions and tax paid by each employee is entered on the P35.

The total cost has been several million pounds more than budgeted.

The total number of jobless rose to 615, 830 from 609, 670.

The total number of registered voters was 1,732,000 aged 16 and over.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

£650,000 will be needed to cover the hospital's running costs during its first year.

IBM is continuing to cut costs in an effort to be more competitive.

If you lose the case, you will face substantial legal costs.

Internet banking will considerably reduce the cost of doing business.

Many old people have to live in poverty because of the steady rise in the cost of living.

Medical care costs keep rising.

The cost of electricity has fallen in the last twelve months.

The high cost of health care in the US is causing a great deal of concern.

War is never worth its cost in human life.

We'll make sure you have the operation, whatever the cost .

We will deliver and install your computer at no extra cost .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A company hired to do telemarketing ups the cost to as much as 40 percent.

A regular service contract is not expensive when compared to the cost of modern instruments and can provide great peace of mind.

Bovard estimated a minimum of 10,000 volumes were flooded, at a replacement cost of $ 10 million.

But increased short-term costs should result in overall savings in the longer term.

Corporate Software Inc has developed an approach to the problem designed to minimise the cost .

In general, however, they found that consumers took better care of appliances on hire purchase and that servicing costs were lower.

In the budgeting process the firm should decide on what should be treated as profit centres and what as cost centres.

This procedure, known as the capitalization of costs, also increases net income.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

about

Exact price has not been set, but the 9540 is expected to cost about £20,000.

The system costs about $ 35 million a year.

Foam seats in three sizes to fit all racing kayaks will cost about £35 from Arrowcraft.

It will cost about $ 1, 300.

But if a new kitchen were needed in an older property, it would cost about £10,000.

The Wall Street Journal today reported that the project would cost about $ 100 million.

It costs about £600 a treatment and has to be done every two weeks.

around

They cost around £21.99 for the plug and £17.99 for the adaptor.

The diesel engines cost around $ 60, 000 each, not including installation.

An eight processor version will cost around £17,000 and a 16 processor machine £27,000.

Macs are slightly cheaper than Windows 95, and Windows 3. 1 costs around $ 8, 000 a year.

Agreed that a cheaper system costing around £600 should be purchased. 4.

At £1,249 it costs around 50 percent more than the Phoenix but it is the most powerful machine.

They cost around £50 a piece, less than a tenth the cost of the gas lasers.

You will need to take the application to its last stage within a year, which will cost around £120.

as

The client should be made aware of the benefits to both of you of using your time as cost effectively as possible.

I maintain that it should cost as much to get married as to get divorced.

Some in disbelief that a car so beautiful, so fast and so downright delicious could cost as little as £27,000.

Today, some automobile stereo systems cost as much.

Cover might cost as little as £70 for an £8000 car used on a low-rated circuit by an experienced driver.

Mr Ellison has said the device could cost as little as $ 500.

A new nursery for 25 infants can cost as much as £100,000.

Kurtzman said a modest business site can cost as little as $ 4, 000 with his Houston company.

less

Dealing through licensed dealers can cost less than through stockbrokers, but usually costs more.

A basic setup can cost less than $ 1, 300.

The Raptor will cost less than £7000 next year.

Many bottles cost less than $ 19 or $ 3. 75 a glass.

It cost less than a fiver a head - and there wasn't a plate broken all night!

It cost less than $ 1, 000.

Genuine Toyota parts are priced very competitively compared to non-genuine parts - sometimes, the real thing even costs less !

My week at the College of Santa Fe cost less than $ 400, including all meals.

more

One with a thermostat will cost more , but may save on running costs in warmer weather.

On a long cruise the courtesy ensigns can cost more than the charts and wear out quicker.

This shift hurts affordability, Mikulecky noted, because single-family homes cost more than attached condominiums.

Although diesels cost more initially than their petrol-engined equivalents, they are economical to run and hold their second-hand value relatively well.

I started charging $ 5 and more people wanted it, because it cost more, so it was suddenly more valuable.

Dealing through licensed dealers can cost less than through stockbrokers, but usually costs more .

much

Face-to-face interviews take time and cost much more in relation to the number of respondents interviewed.

It costs much more energy to reach Mars when it is farthest from the Sun.

The Jura are the closest mountains across the Channel and it doesn't cost much to reach them.

College tuition, extraordinary medical expenses, and career compromises can easily cost much more.

Sewers and wells might halt the disease, but cost much more.

It costs much less to support celibate clergy than ministers or rabbis with spouses and children.

Best of all, the safety mattress does not cost much more than standard foam.

It need not cost much to replace a slate or clean a gutter.

nearly

A round of drinks - and two for the ladies - cost nearly £500.

Over seven years, repeal would cost nearly $ 34 billion in lost revenue.

In doing so, they generated a backlash that nearly cost them not only their agenda, but also their majority.

Time and again it nearly cost us our life and that night, on the frozen lake, was no different.

Construction had cost nearly $ 50, 000a goodly sum in 1949.

This is due to be finished this year and has cost nearly £300 million.

Its operations cost nearly $ 1 million an hour, $ 8 billion a year.

only

Woolwich Tabernacle, erected between 1895 and 1896, sat 1,690 but cost only £13,936 for both the land and the building.

The ferry costs only two dollars round-trip per person.

She would gladly pay for the additional units but these would cost only to be made available.

Special reports on how to get the free goodies only cost $ 20 each.

Housing committee chairman Bill Dixon said Coun Richmond was wide of the mark and each property would only cost £30,000.

We got a rebate of 11 per-cent from them, so it really only cost us 4 percentage points.

A gift worth £800 to Somerville thus only costs the donor £480.

The innovative approach cost only a small amount more, with no increase in price to the customer.

over

The operation would use 11 military cargo planes and would eventually cost over US$200,000,000.

The Hebrew school was going to cost over $ 18o, 000.

Philip was forced to undergo hundreds of private medical tests which cost over six hundred pounds.

The cost of hardware is falling every week, until recently the modem itself could have cost over £400!

But as the recession deepened, no backers could be found for the scheme which had already cost over £1 million.

Tickets that would normally cost over £100 have been made available, through specific community organisations, for £10.

For example, a larger combination microwave which may cost over £3500 is ideal for turning over consistently large batches.

A spiral perm can cost over £100 but don't be tempted to try it at home to save money.

probably

In the event Berkeley probably cost more than it ever yielded.

At the low end, configuring the router will probably cost staff time.

Full football kit for a discerning 10-year-old will probably cost parents about £40.

The transfer of skills and information probably cost Salomon Brothers hundreds of millions of dollars.

It probably cost us seats at the general election.

In fact, he counselled policies of restraint so severe that he probably cost his boss the 1976 election.

It also probably cost Mr Ayling a peerage.

His suite would probably cost nearer four weeks' salary than two.

too

It is concerning PAs and speakers: they just cost too much.

Bush's defence policy would not work, would cost too much and would destabilise the world, said Gore.

He thinks they would cost too much in capital outlay and year-round maintenance.

These older men simply cost too much: they had more vacation time, more pension credit.

He said fraud cases cost too much and happened too late.

His victory had been a Pyrrhic one, costing too much in the lost friendship of the men.

But motoring organisations say it costs too much.

She worked to save money, but was sad that things just cost too much.

■ NOUN

billion

The Dome, remember, was going to be built for 45p but ended up costing three-quarters of a billion .

The drug benefit was estimated during the campaign to cost $ 48 billion for roughly four years.

The F-22 fighter would cost over $ 60 billion .

Over seven years, repeal would cost nearly $ 34 billion in lost revenue.

Independent health care experts said such a program could cost $ 5 billion to $ 10 billion a year.

Eavesdropping satellites may cost another $ 3 billion , from the budget of the National Reconnaissance Office.

The Air Force plans to build a total of 21 planes, which cost about $ 2 billion each.

company

Shoppers will have more in their pockets and it will not cost companies vast sums to borrow for expansion.

It would cost the several insurance companies more than a million to defend the case.

Paul Brown reports on a problem which will cost the privatised water companies a fortune to clean up Blue-green and deadly.

A scattered, one-day walkout in 1994 cost the company $ 50 million.

Such closures could cost mine companies hundreds of thousands of dollars in lost production.

The latest round of layoffs will cost the company $ 90 million to $ 100 million in one-time charges this quarter.

Even a one-day outage, such as the one that occurred last June, can cost these giant companies $ 100 million.

dollar

FastPort will give your printers the plug and play functionality of printers that cost thousands of dollars more.

It cost a half million dollars to film.

The restrictions on job-placement tests may be costing billions of dollars annually in lost productivity.

The procedure cost five hundred dollars , which Amelia left unpaid.

The kind that cost about a hundred dollars on the black market.

Sometimes he puts on dinner parties that cost thousands of dollars .

Now that it was going to cost fifteen million dollars , though, I wasn't so sure.

The ferry costs only two dollars round-trip per person.

earth

In Coventry Sir William Lyons produced wonderful engineering and style-but he didn't believe his cars should cost the earth .

He would miss seeing Harry and, besides, a weekend at some hotel would cost the earth .

But ... but it must cost the earth .

A well planned, well made kitchen that doesn't cost the earth .

It would cost the earth , but it had to be safer than Nigel's Aston Martin.

This is a flexible, well-designed machine which produces quality prints and doesn't cost the earth to print them.

It's better than getting a locum in - they cost the earth and sometimes do more harm than good.

fortune

It costs a fortune to run and can not have many years left before scrapping, anyway.

Besides, it costs a fortune .

This would cost me a fortune .

If you are not following them closely you can cost yourself a small fortune and never know it....

That hadn't cost a couple of pounds - it can cost a small fortune .

Of course, everything was done in a way that cost a fortune .

It would cost a fortune to make the house watertight.

Chances are that such a trip would cost a small fortune , because it does not include a Saturday stay.

hundred

It will cost hundreds of thousands of pounds, and may have a knock-on effect.

Chairs, small tables and cabinets may cost several hundred dollars.

It costs many hundreds of thousands to mount a challenge like this.

The procedure cost five hundred dollars, which Amelia left unpaid.

It would cost hundreds of millions of pounds, with work beginning by the end of the century.

So he saves me a dollar and costs me two hundred , and leaves me standing on this platform gnashing my teeth.

Creating a game from a film costs hundreds of thousands of pounds and can take as long as making the movie.

We were told that each scat on the trading floor cost six hundred thousand dollars.

job

The Professional's wife, acting as Steward, was dismissed for bad language and automatically it cost her husband his job .

It was a hesitation that would ultimately cost Sculley his job .

I believe that it would cost jobs and cost prosperity in this country.

Labor Secretary Robert Reich said the report proved that raising the minimum wage does not cost jobs .

His plans to slash defence budgets by £6 billion would cost 100,000 more their jobs .

If the current situation does not cost Frieder his job , it should at least force him to re-examine recruiting practices.

The move, which follows a £122.3million loss last year, is expected to cost 1,000 jobs .

Having this child would cost her her job .

life

In an extreme case a person may be reinforced by others on a schedule which costs him his life .

Had she not understood clearly, it might well have cost her her life .

Half-flag, half-face, the new image cost the Glasgow life company £50,000 and another £550,000 changing the notepaper etc.

But in blossoming, Jessie unknowingly tears open a decades-old secret that could cost her her life .

Panorama named and confronted a series of suspects for that bombing, which cost 29 lives .

My daughter stayed with her husband, against my advice, and it cost her life .

It could so nearly have cost him his life .

Ultimately, these efforts cost him his life .

lot

Altogether this little girl has cost us quite a lot of money.

But replacing it with something more attractive is going to cost a lot more than anyone anticipated.

Families cost a lot of money, and John Shakespeare was having a lot of money troubles in those days.

It must have cost him a lot of money.

Slick graphics slides can cost a whole lot more.

Now it appeared that this had not been included and that the necessary procedures could cost a lot extra.

Such a voyage would cost a lot of money.

Some one makes a mistake or a misguided decision, costing your organization lots of time, money, and goodwill.

million

It cost $ 200 million to make, and netted global takings of $ 1.8 billion even before the video was released.

According to the latest Pentagon estimate, each new F-22 could cost $ 198 million when development and production costs are calculated.

The system costs about $ 35 million a year.

It cost a half million dollars to film.

Today, a campaign for the House of Representatives could easily cost $ 1 million to wage effectively.

The Wall Street Journal today reported that the project would cost about $ 100 million .

millions

Supercomputing - High-performance computers costing millions of pounds can not be sited at every university that needs their computational power.

If you do it could cost you millions and mil-lions of dollars. 5.

Thieves and vandals are costing churches millions of pounds each year.

Witnesses testified Wednesday at a board hearing in Washington that it might cost the government millions of dollars to buy the film.

The cost of Christmas cards, free parcels and telegrams is costing the taxpayer millions of pounds, it was claimed yesterday.

Switching to protein substitutes, like soy, could cost millions , but Kessler believes it is worth it.

A leading economist said the changes could cost the industry millions , and hit exploration and appraisal plans.

Long billed as a potentially boundless source of relatively clean energy, fusion research costs hundreds of millions of dollars a year.

money

Mr Major has already discovered that repossessions and defaults cost the government money as well as damaging consumer confidence and financial institutions.

That will cost you some money , but it beats letting the customer stew while an employee hunts for a supervisor.

Families cost a lot of money , and John Shakespeare was having a lot of money troubles in those days.

The present had cost her money , and by giving it away Fanshawe had in some sense stolen that money from her.

I don't know what good it did David in the long run because what it did was cost a lot of money .

When the card issuers learned that the gimmicks were costing them money , their idea of creative thinking kicked in.

There is only one solution and it costs money .

Sometimes, it costs big money .

penny

It won't cost you a penny .

Moira had died before she'd cost anyone a penny .

The Judge said if it had cost one penny more he would have been hanged.

And Moran didn't cost them a single penny !

Oestrogen makes women feel great and it shouldn't cost them a penny .

Warm yourself by the fireside of pure genius and it won't cost you a penny .

She wouldn't cost you a penny .

That will add 33% to its value without costing you a penny extra.

pound

A longer pair for waders and which are prevented from slipping down by an elasticated band, cost a pound more.

I'd cost him nineteen thousand pounds .

The National Rivers Authority says the clear up will take several days and will cost thousands of pounds .

Supercomputing - High-performance computers costing millions of pounds can not be sited at every university that needs their computational power.

That hadn't cost a couple of pounds - it can cost a small fortune.

Philip was forced to undergo hundreds of private medical tests which cost over six hundred pounds .

It cost two million pounds , and includes the latest in video technology, as Adrian Britton reports.

It's cash only for all trips costing less than twenty-five pounds , of course.

production

This production has cost £50,000, most coming from local sponsors.

Divas are often the financial linchpins for opera productions costing hundreds of thousands of dollars.

They keep their production costs low and help the environment by recycling waste material such as newspapers and household plastic bottles.

project

This project will cost £10,000, with half of the money coming from Climb for the World.

The Wall Street Journal today reported that the project would cost about $ 100 million.

At the time, the project was estimated to cost $ 213 million.

The whole project would cost £50 million, of which some £6 million has been spent.

That project is expected to cost $ 55million.

The entire project will cost $ 40 million to $ 50 million, said Russell Johnson, Tenneco Energy spokesman.

system

The consultant had charged over £66,000 for his work and the computer system had cost in the region of £75,000.

The system costs about $ 35 million a year.

Agreed that a cheaper system costing around £600 should be purchased. 4.

Today, some automobile stereo systems cost as much.

If they adopted that system which costs nothing you would avoid patients' frustration and give the health service a better name.

The device component of the system will cost $ 15, 000, though Gensia expects that many hospitals will lease it.

Bundling a £60 printer in a system costing over £1,000 isn't doing the overall package justice.

Ignoring how the system works has already cost millions of people their financial dreams.

taxpayer

Non payment costs the taxpayer millions of pounds a year, so today roadside checkpoints were set up to stop drivers at random.

Loan Association, a debacle that cost taxpayers upward of $ 2 billion.

Smoking claims thousands of lives every year and treatment for the effects of the habit costs the taxpayer millions of pounds annually.

This trip, he calculated, would cost the taxpayers slightly over a million dollars.

His case could cost the taxpayer up to £20,000.

The cost of Christmas cards, free parcels and telegrams is costing the taxpayer millions of pounds, it was claimed yesterday.

The resulting bailout will ultimately cost taxpayers hundreds of billions of dollars.

thousands

It will cost hundreds of thousands of pounds, and may have a knock-on effect.

Creating a game from a film costs hundreds of thousands of pounds and can take as long as making the movie.

Divas are often the financial linchpins for opera productions costing hundreds of thousands of dollars.

It costs thousands of pounds to draw up the documentation.

These old bodies could cost a new employer thousands in worker comp.

FastPort will give your printers the plug and play functionality of printers that cost thousands of dollars more.

Sometimes he puts on dinner parties that cost thousands of dollars.

times

Hasn't anyone told Mrs Thatcher that bottled water can cost a thousand times as much as water from the tap?

It cost five times as much to obtain a customer than to keep one. 5.

This would put many routers costing three times the price to shame.

With solar-generated electricity costing several times more than other energy options, corporate interest dried up.

Wealth category Can cost anything over 10 times as much as the yardstick rugs.

But they say the repairs needed would cost three times that amount.

It is estimated that this will cost 10 times as much as the original research.

total

Billed as a potential rival to Gleneagles, the development was to cost £60m in total .

The final three phases, costing a total of $ 140 million, will follow if federal funding is available.

The flowers and arranging fee cost a total of £395.

■ VERB

estimate

Plans for the complex were first revealed in September 1990 and it was estimated it would cost £100 million to build.

It will also be possible to buy converter boxes, estimated to cost $ 200.

This it estimated would cost between £120 million and £225 million because it would need major civil engineering works.

She said the city had estimated it would cost $ 170 million but the private firm bid $ 110 million.

Violence is conservatively estimated to cost $ 15. 5 billion a year in medical care nationwide.

Police estimate that it cost $ 5m to build.

He estimates the dispute will cost his company $ 400, 000 over the next decade.

expect

It is expected to cost a reasonable £4000.

Repairs were expected to cost 100,000,000 roubles and to take six months.

That project is expected to cost $ 55million.

The move, which follows a £122.3million loss last year, is expected to cost 1,000 jobs.

The test is expected to cost $ 40.

The decommissioning of the waste is expected to cost up to E35Om over a 20-year period.

The driver is expected to cost the city about $ 100 a day.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

cost a bomb

cost a packet

Cars, food, and clothes are cheaper, but services like plumbers cost a packet .

I don't care if it costs a packet !

cost a pretty penny

cost sb dear

cost/pay/charge the earth

A well planned, well made kitchen that doesn't cost the earth .

But ... but it must cost the earth .

He would miss seeing Harry and, besides, a weekend at some hotel would cost the earth .

In Coventry Sir William Lyons produced wonderful engineering and style-but he didn't believe his cars should cost the earth .

It is possible to pay the earth for beauty products.

It would cost the earth , but it had to be safer than Nigel's Aston Martin.

This is a flexible, well-designed machine which produces quality prints and doesn't cost the earth to print them.

mission/cost/grade etc creep

It is a case of mission creep gone wildly over the top.

the cost of living

total number/amount/cost etc

Additional disk space is a dollar or two per megabyte per month, depending on total amount.

Microcell bid only in southern Ontario for a total cost of $ 19.2-million.

Multiply the number of widths by the number of pattern repeats per drop to give the total number of pattern repeats required.

The total amount of contributions and tax paid by each employee is entered on the P35.

The total cost has been several million pounds more than budgeted.

The total number of jobless rose to 615, 830 from 609, 670.

The total number of registered voters was 1,732,000 aged 16 and over.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

All this delay has cost the company an important contract.

Another mistake like that could cost you your job.

Cable TV service costs $19.95 a month.

How much does a house like that cost in America?

I stayed in a hotel in Paris which cost me $150 a night.

It would be a good idea to get the plan costed before presenting it to the board.

Larry's years of hard drinking and living almost cost him his life.

Look at Frank's new Mercedes - it must have cost a fortune.

The Department of Education estimates that it will cost $17 billion to build the new schools.

The field goal he missed cost the team the game.

The options are being costed and analyzed.

The project had been incorrectly costed and the money ran out before it could be completed.

Tickets for the show cost £15 or £20.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Instead, they survive on a liquid diet that costs a staggering $ 10, 000 a month.

It is costing our industrialists dear, and our exporters.

Mr Major has already discovered that repossessions and defaults cost the government money as well as damaging consumer confidence and financial institutions.

My first bike cost $ 200.

Our staff are trained to administer the policy on page 53, which costs £17 per person for 18 days.

Slopeside lodgings cost more, but often you are spared the expense of renting a car.

Treasury sums said the rebate would be worth £4m, but would cost more to fix.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.