Meaning of CURVE in English

CURVE

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

learning curve

Everyone in the centre has been through a very steep learning curve they had to learn very quickly .

steep learning curve (= they had to learn very quickly )

Everyone in the centre has been through a very steep learning curve .

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

aggregate

In the extreme case where the aggregate supply curve is vertical, the increased money supply will simply lead to higher prices.

The aggregate supply curve slope can be explained along rational expectations lines due to misperceptions of prices.

The variable we are interested in here is the variable which has caused the shift in the aggregate demand curve .

What is the shape of the aggregate supply curve ?

Referring back to the aggregate supply curve derivation in Fig. 10-5, it is that is usually attributed to the Keynesians.

This aggregate supply curve is of fundamental importance to the macroeconomic policy conclusions often drawn from the rational expectations hypothesis.

Thus a rise in real government expenditure shifts the aggregate demand curve to the right.

As noted above, there can be exceptions to the vertical aggregate supply curve when changes are unanticipated.

gentle

The cures include starting the clubhead back low to the turf on a gentle curve .

Long gentle curves as the asphalt clefts the wilderness.

It was a two-storey white house nestling just within the last gentle curve up to the headland.

The clubhead must start on a gentle curve low to the turf. 4.

They were placed in a gentle curve , about twenty traps in all, facing the outgoing tide.

The low sun touched the gentle white curves of the plateau with gold and bathed them in undeserved serenity.

Cut away and down behind the bud in a gentle curve .

Even such gentle curves require impressive magnets.

marginal

But when the average cost curve is falling the marginal cost curve lies below average cost.

This is reflected in the model by a declining marginal cost curve .

Since there are no production externalities, this marginal private cost curve is also the marginal social cost curve.

This will result in a downward displacement of the marginal cost curve from to.

In turn this will move producers back down their marginal cost curves and alter the net-of-tax price producers require.

normal

This is the Normal or Gaussian curve and represents the distribution of events due to chance.

Our performance appraisal policy is clear: employee ratings have to conform to a normal bell curve .

But, because of the statistical properties of the normal curve of distribution, they do have a large effect at the extremes.

Exhibit 9. 1 shows the so-called normal yield curve , where long-term rates are higher than short-term rates.

These grades have to conform to the normal curve of distribution.

Chance variations have a natural spread across the normal curve as explained above, for practical purposes.

The ordinate scaling is derived by dividing the area beneath a normal distribution curve into columnar segments of equal area.

smooth

The yield curve is a smooth curve through those points.

If the fish is suspended in open water with no obstacles around, the lines are smooth curves .

The basic idea is that a few parameters are turned into a smooth curve by a standardised computation.

The higher the resolution, the smoother the curves and the sharper the lines become.

The more points you use, the smoother the curve will be.

On a smooth curve , both the values and the slopes at neighbouring time points are close together.

This is rather like being able to draw a straight line tangent at any point on a smooth curve .

Where the septum meets the body wall it does so in a smooth curve .

steep

That steep yield curve has turned into political temptation.

Like many new ventures, ProTech has had a steep learning curve .

But as the plane climbed in a steep curve above the Sussex countryside it was rocked by a sudden explosion.

Steve Jobs had eliminated the crank of a steep learning curve , but replaced it with a new crank-insufficient memory and storage.

With a steep L curve and a shallow I curve, the effect on aggregate demand will be much greater.

Incoherence, ugliness, and a steep learning curve were indicators that a machine was powerful.

Redraw the three diagrams of Figure 18.2 with a steeper L curve and a shallower I curve.

These steep growth curves are set to continue.

■ NOUN

ball

Some guys can hit a curve ball .

Her professor had begun the course with an intellectual curve ball .

About the time this outcry was gathering momentum, a curve ball landed like a left hook.

calibration

When a sample with an unknown level of that element is analysed its concentration can be plotted on the calibration curve .

A universal calibration curve is then obtained by plotting against V R for a given carrier solvent and a fixed temperature.

This section then describes some validation parameters including accuracy and precision, random errors, calibration curves and noise.

In converting radiocarbon results to calendar dates, the wiggles in the calibration curve are the real problem.

Aggregating activity of the samples was measured over the linear portion of the calibration curve obtained with synthetic platelet activating factor.

cost

But when the average cost curve is falling the marginal cost curve lies below average cost.

The total cost curve increases at a decreasing rate over some range and then begins to increase at an increasing rate.

But when the average cost curve is falling the marginal cost curve lies below average cost.

Also, riskier firms will have cost curves that are higher to begin with.

It is an average cost curve for citizens for a constant level of output.

In particular, let the average cost curves for firms in one country lie everywhere below those in the other.

In Figure 2.7 two alternative average cost curves are shown.

This is reflected in the model by a declining marginal cost curve .

demand

Problem of an unstable demand Accurate monetary control requires the authorities to be able to predict the demand curve for money.

Graphically, the intersection of the supply curve and the demand curve for the product will indicate the equilibrium point.

Unfortunately, the demand curve may shift unpredictably, making control very difficult.

That is. factors which cause supply to shift are distinct from factors which shift the demand curve .

Thus sign; the membership demand curve is negatively sloped for and positively sloped for, as shown in Fig. 1.

A downsloping demand curve for the various resources.

The variable we are interested in here is the variable which has caused the shift in the aggregate demand curve .

Why does a demand curve slope downward?

experience

The experience curve reflects the mix of all these forms of learning.

How might knowledge of the experience curve be used strategically?

These were calculated with both companies facing 75 percent experience curves and discount rates of 15 percent.

This was due not only to economies of scale but also to what came to be known as the experience curve .

Cost-leadership policies do not, therefore, depend for their success upon some crude belief in the experience curve .

It is also worth bearing in mind that the experience curve does not apply only to single products.

In such situations an assessment of the slope of the experience curve is vital in determining the likely profitability of new investments.

indifference

Consider an indifference curve in space.

For a competitive equilibrium, this line must be tangent to the individual's indifference curve .

Three examples of such indifference curves are illustrated by and in Figure 6.4.

Any such level of output will put the median voter on a higher indifference curve than would the reversion level.

The equilibrium allocation for the median voter shifts from point E° on indifference curve I 1 to E 1 on I 2.

learning

The human relationships are very intense and therefore the learning curve is accelerated.

It is a profitable business but there is evidence of some slack time, perhaps this is a learning curve effect.

No country can allow a government a learning curve and survive.

But they also have a steep learning curve for the uninitiated, which is something to consider before taking the plunge.

The problems are often more difficult but the learning curve is rapid.

However, both will have started their long journey up the learning curve .

Everyone in the Administration Centre has been through a very steep learning curve .

Those who don't keep rolling on the learning curve get left way behind.

supply

If, however, the authorities were to control interest rates, the supply curve might become downward sloping.

Why does the supply curve slope upward?

Banks will merely supply whatever is demanded: in this case the supply curve is the same as the demand curve.

Graphically, the intersection of the supply curve and the demand curve for the product will indicate the equilibrium point.

With the downward-sloping supply curve , higher interest rates lead to lower demand and lower supply.

By polluting, that is, by creating spillover costs, the firm enjoys lower production costs and the supply curve 5.

What is the shape of the aggregate supply curve ?

This means that as firms leave an industry. the supply curve will shift to the left.

yield

But the yield curve is abnormally steep.

Since there are many different categories of debt issues, there are many different possible types of yield curves .

The yield curve is a smooth curve through those points.

Each category of debt will have its own yield curve relationships.

The difference between short and long rates has produced a yield curve that has rarely been steeper.

Exhibit 9. 1 shows the so-called normal yield curve , where long-term rates are higher than short-term rates.

That steep yield curve has turned into political temptation.

A positive yield curve represents the normal condition of the capital markets.

■ VERB

form

You will gradually bring these needles back to working position to form the curve lower edge above the hem.

Join the highest point of each strip with a chalk line to form a curve .

Each curve of reduced modulus is shifted with respect to the curve at T o until all fit together forming one master curve.

Draw a line with chalk to connect these points to form the top curve .

plot

When a sample with an unknown level of that element is analysed its concentration can be plotted on the calibration curve .

Companies often use details of education to plot out salary curves and promotion prospects.

Data plotting above the standard curve were considered to represent uplifted Bunter Shale section.

We therefore also plotted individual dose-response curves of log plasma gastrin against the basal-subtracted acid output.

For your heading-tape quantity, you will need to plot the curve as below and double the measurement.

produce

The difference between short and long rates has produced a yield curve that has rarely been steeper.

This would produce exponential curves , which do not fit the data, particularly in the first 3 months after radiotherapy.

This compensatory effect produces a steady power curve .

Combinations of the two movements produce diagonals and curves .

Restricting the data to the related papers listed in Table 9 does, however, produce a straight-line curve , Figure 13.

shift

In other words, an increase in expected inflation of 5 percentage points shifts the Phillips curve upwards by 5 percentage points.

An unfavorable change in consumer preferences will cause demand to decrease, shifting the curve to the left.

Although changes in performance arise as a result of supply side factors, they manifest themselves as shifts in demand curve .

That is. factors which cause supply to shift are distinct from factors which shift the demand curve .

Thus a rise in real government expenditure shifts the aggregate demand curve to the right.

An increase in supply shifts the curve to the right; a decrease in supply shifts it to the left.

However this fall in the net wage also shifts the supply curves of labour from S1 to S2.

Each curve of reduced modulus is shifted with respect to the curve at T o until all fit together forming one master curve.

show

Two clear cases show that a curve fit can mislead.

Partial melt values shown on curves .

Plots a and c show only the curves for.

throw

Just when you thought you had it all figured out, it threw you a curve like this.

He expects to profit from the high strike mostly when he throws his overhand curve which breaks late into the strike zone.

The flushing models have thrown a curve to geophysicists trying to work out how this cycle has come about.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

ahead of the game/curve

Belmont city leaders have never been ahead of the curve in environmental matters.

Businesses that want to stay ahead of the curve find trend research crucial.

It just shows how desperate New Yorkers are to be ahead of the curve.

Reagan was ahead of the curve in his sensible discussion of the economics of Social Security.

The successful programs I know of in college football stay ahead of the game.

Then again, some major thinkers are way ahead of the curve.

This talk gave me another view of Mike-a little guy who had once been ahead of the game.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Customers seem to like the car's curves and angles.

From the balcony, you could see the long curve of the shoreline.

He lost control of the car on a sharp curve .

I rounded the curve looking for a place to pull over.

Morgan was killed when he lost control of his car in a curve .

Will was killed when he lost control of his car in a curve .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A few follow gracefully some yards behind, dancing in ever-widening curves, waltzing in circles at the curbs.

Above them were fields of blazing stars and on some of the curves Marge caught a glimpse of moonlight on rolling surf.

He expects to profit from the high strike mostly when he throws his overhand curve which breaks late into the strike zone.

Ileal motility was measured by integrating the area under the pressure-time curve , during 1 minute periods, using computer software.

These subtle curves encourage air to flow under the board which gives extra lift and better acceleration.

This means that as firms leave an industry. the supply curve will shift to the left.

This time around, the computerisation curve has flattened out, so the electronics industry has been hit as hard as any.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

around

They stepped off the pavement outside and crossed over to another group of shops that curved around the square.

His finger was tantalisingly curving around her mouth ... parting it ... and he was kissing her gently, almost without pressure.

The heart chakra, for example, has been seen in terms of a river curving around a conical hill with a church.

This occurred just after I took a turning and found myself on a road curving around the edge of a hill.

The pews curved around in the new style.

The route then curves around to head south towards Grizedale Tarn.

away

His route curved away in a graceful sweep ahead of him.

His mind kept curving away , the way a golf ball curves when it's sliced or hooked.

back

So, we don't have to have one of our three-dimensional universe curved back on itself.

down

With hands in sleeves, the old man looked extremely Oriental, long moustaches curving down from the upper lip.

And the plant continues to bring the cost curves down .

The corridor curved down and appeared to twist, as if heading back into the ground.

He then ignored both of them, walking to the stairs that curved down into the room and taking the luggage up.

gently

Here, Bruder has created a front which is gently curved in plan, and intended to attract visitors into the building.

There, the palm-tree-lined beach curves gently around a wide bay.

The beach here is spectacular, curving gently round the bay under a towering, wild headland.

Start with arms outstretched and gently curve the body sideways.

round

As it travels outwards, the fluid tends to curve round in the flow direction.

From up here she could see where the village curved round to the Hotel Britannia.

The river has curved round and Odd-Knut has drawn up a few metres from the edge of a very steep drop.

Beside her, Luke stirred briefly, his hand curving round her waist to draw her closer, and unconsciously she stiffened.

The road, curving round the sides of the hills, indulged in dizzying bends and steep gradients.

slightly

The latest design has slightly curved jaws, so can be used more effectively on pipes.

Rib chops are identified by the slightly curved rib bone and the presence of the rib-eye muscle outside of the curve.

It was slightly curved at the end like a large claw.

The adoral shields are curved slightly wing-like, with glassy beads embedded in the matrix.

Her lips were curved slightly in a mild, private smile.

The adoral shields are slightly curved large and occupying a large portion of the jaw proximal to the oral shield.

Perhaps this is why straight lines do not suggest movement along their length as effectively as slightly curved ones.

then

Start with arms outstretched then curve sideways, bringing the arm up and over as far as possible.

The route then curves around to head south towards Grizedale Tarn.

up

Inside the grounds the path continued, curving up between the overgrown rhododendrons in the direction of the house.

Their gravitational attraction would thus curve up the universe to infinitely small size.

Stairs of dark wood curved up from the hall, and the old treads creaked under their combined weight.

The mattress - all curved up at the edges.

However the groundsheet sides curve up well and my worries proved unfounded.

A few miles further on, I took a left on to a B road which curved up even higher.

Thick metal cables curved up from that helmet into the ducted roof as though the man had sprouted banded antlers.

By curving up its abdomen it gives the false impression that it is about to strike with its tail.

■ NOUN

lip

His lips didn't curve or pucker when he smiled.

Her lips were curved slightly in a mild, private smile.

They saw Ruth's crumpling face, and at once the lips curved upward, laughing, and sang louder.

Gradually, reluctantly, his own lips curved , and then his eyes joined in, twinkling like glimmering black pools.

mouth

At the thought of Penry she stretched, cat-like, her mouth curving in a dreamy smile.

His mouth curved into a smile, but his face showed pain.

Macready raised his stick, cruel mouth curving like a second scar, and a foot-long blade sprang out.

The Duke was revelling in the occasion, his toothless mouth curved up in a great leer like the mask of comedy.

And as this notion made his mouth curve upward in amusement at his optimism, he found what he was searching for.

road

At one point the road suddenly curves and rises to the height of an eight-storey building.

After ten minutes the road curved west and dipped down into a shallow ravine.

A few miles further on, I took a left on to a B road which curved up even higher.

This occurred just after I took a turning and found myself on a road curving around the edge of a hill.

Where the road is curved away from the junction on both sides, very long and wide sight lines will be required.

The road , curving round the sides of the hills, indulged in dizzying bends and steep gradients.

The road curved , and I emerged from a copse to confront a splendid panorama.

smile

At last his gaze came to rest on Maeve, and his eyes widened, and a smile curved his lips.

A slight smile curved her mouth, relaxing the rigidity of her body.

And felt the beginnings of a smile curve her lips.

A smile curved her mouth, though, as she kicked off her shoes and went and lay down on her bed.

spine

As they straighten, curve the spine and pull in the tummy, as if you have just received a blow.

Ventral arm spins may be slightly flattened and in some the arm spine may be curved .

Lying on your tummy, raise your head and shoulders, curving the spine , inch by inch.

Slowly raise your head and shoulders, curving your spine , inch by inch, without straining.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a sandy beach curving gently around the bay

Hurricane Gustav curved away from the Caribbean Islands and headed toward open ocean.

The dusty white road curved away towards the mountains.

The road curves to the left as you go up the hill.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A slight smile curved her mouth, relaxing the rigidity of her body.

And then the Alouette was spinning like a top and curving off over the Aegean.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.