Meaning of DRAFT in English

DRAFT

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a draft agreement (= one that is not yet in its finished form )

The government of Iraq refused to accept the wording of the draft UN agreement.

a draft constitution (= one that is not yet in its final form )

By 1908 China had a draft constitution.

a draft treaty (= one that has been written but not yet signed )

The committee produced a draft treaty on arms limitation.

bank draft

banker's draft

draft an agreement (= write the conditions of an agreement, which may be changed )

The legal team will draft a second agreement incorporating these changes.

draft board

draft card

draft dodger

draft dodging (= when someone avoids an order to join the army, navy etc )

draft legislation (= write it before it is finally approved )

She is a member of the committee that is drafting the legislation.

draw up/draft a constitution (= write one )

The American constitution was drafted in 1787.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

early

That leak, he confirmed, was of an early draft of the memo, which he had torn up and binned.

Savas was principal author of the early drafts of the National Urban Policy Report.

And this experience modifies earlier drafts of their personal blueprint of the social world.

These early drafts are instructive to him.

An earlier draft had been rejected by the King who had requested a number of minor alterations.

Barnes said she is asking the court to force the Navy to produce any earlier drafts .

An earlier draft had been to George and Rowland Wilson but the latter's name does not appear on the final copy.

final

Chancellor Norman Lamont and fellow finance ministers began hammering out the final draft in Edinburgh yesterday afternoon.

This layout should be made as formal as if it were the final draft .

Always use good quality paper, especially for the final draft .

I have pleasure in enclosing our considered response and hope it will be carefully considered before the final draft is prepared.

It is good practice to write your proposal word for word as if it were the final draft .

Only 12 types of links were used in the semantic net that supported the final draft of the Hypertext book.

The final draft of the environmental impact report on rezoning is to be completed in the spring.

initial

In practice, initial drafts of rules will be the subject of ongoing discussions between all four parties.

Larwin explained that the initial draft of the minutes had been summarized by a clerk who does not usually prepare minutes.

The initial draft had stipulated that mining could begin only if all signatories agreed.

But Cummock said that dissent was not given to President Clinton when he received an initial draft of the report.

While they can devise initial drafts , as manager you should take a close interest in the contents.

One way to do this is to encourage children to reread and revise their initial drafts .

The initial draft received many letters of comment from both camps and was followed up with a public debate in Glasgow.

Many purchasers will acknowledge that the vendor will wish to limit its liability and incorporate these basic provisions in the initial draft .

new

A new draft constitution was approved on Aug. 23.

Tell him I need a completely new draft .

Before the publication of the new draft , the Bush administration had appeared to show greater flexibility in its negotiating stance.

The speechwriters go back to work after his editing and bring him a new draft .

At the time of writing, a new draft circular is under consideration.

So I embarked upon a new draft of the Regulations.

The new draft modifies the 1986 legislation in several ways, however.

Rewritten after heavy criticism, the new draft is reckoned by most in the City an improvement on the original.

original

Hope's original draft was longer, cohesive and more powerfully worded.

Frequently strange things will happen to your original draft .

In Hope's original draft , Pennethorne was dismissed on the grounds that his scheme had three faults.

An original draft of the Hay-Pauncefoote treaty provided for notification to and accession by third States.

The original draft directive proposed that advertising should be limited to the sort of details a business card carries.

preliminary

If it wanted to reject the preliminary drafts , so be it.

The preliminary draft of the Emancipation Proclamation was only part of the trouble.

rough

Could it really be the first rough draft of a Euro-constitution?

Tanedo works individually with students, helping them brainstorm and write rough drafts .

She cobbled together a rough draft and then rewrote it, trying to remove the more ostentatious signs of plagiarism.

For a while the conditions are so propitious that by spring break I have a rough draft of my book.

One approach to the hypertext-to-text coherence problem is a labor-intensive one and treats the hypertext form as a rough draft .

He kept a journal now, one filled with assignments from Speech and Psychology and Math and various rough drafts for me.

■ NOUN

agreement

As such, he could not recommend the draft agreement that had emerged from the conversations.

It is also clearly much easier to produce one's own draft agreement than to work from and mark-up some one else's.

bill

Take the normal Law Commission Report which analyses the problem and then annexes a draft Bill to remedy it.

Indeed the member will not have a draft bill .

This enabled reports to be published with draft bills annexed.

Clarke's voluminous papers include many draft bills and policy documents.

He added that several other governments have requested copies of the draft bill from the Sri Lankan government.

budget

Parliament was given the right to reject the draft budget , and to have the last say on non-compulsory expenditure.

We will publish a draft Budget four months before the final version, to promote open discussion of economic and taxation policy.

constitution

A new draft constitution was approved on Aug. 23.

The session approved a draft Constitution which would be circulated for nationwide discussion.

However, on May 29, 1991, the draft constitution was given its first reading by the Grand National Assembly.

The Assembly set to work with a draft constitution prepared by Hugo Preuss.

The influential Roman Catholic Church also opposed the draft constitution on the grounds that it permitted abortion.

Meanwhile disagreement among the 72 deputies to the Assembly over the draft Constitution delayed its formal adoption until Feb. 9.

The King approves the committee's draft constitution .

contract

Send the epitome or abstract of an unregistered title, or Office Copy Entries and filed plan with the draft contract .

document

The Labour party's draft document , which it did not dare to publish, refers to London policing functions.

Baldwin was horrified by these draft documents .

dodger

On March 6 pay bonuses were announced for all soldiers and an amnesty was declared for deserters and draft dodgers .

They thought he was a draft dodger , and it wouldn't be long before some one came to the correct conclusion.

form

Although these are still in draft form , the Lead Body will use them to prepare a new framework for Vocational Qualifications.

The RoadMap is already out to members for review in draft form .

These were first written down in draft form , then refined on input to the database.

According to Moody, this play was in draft form by April 1923.

As the proposal document took shape it was taken back to faculties in draft form for verification.

law

If the draft law is passed by July, as the government hopes, the first privatisations could be in September.

The draft law proposes that such work of art will be considered legally yours after twenty years.

A central committee draft law discussing the powers of the presidency of the party was also introduced at the plenum.

The draft law as a whole was passed by 1,682 votes to 43 with 63 abstentions.

In September 1989 a draft law was presented which aimed to facilitate a large-scale privatization programme over the next five years.

legislation

It is enshrined in draft legislation sponsored by Mario Segni, who championed the cause of electoral reform.

The Government has now authorised the preparation of draft legislation .

More positive was confirmation that draft legislation for a Bill of Rights should be ready by July 1990.

There will be further consultations when the draft legislation is published.

The vote came five years after the synod called for draft legislation to introduce women priests.

proposal

The draft proposals tend to emphasize advisory structures and roles.

It is relevant to the agricultural sector and there are several references to environmental considerations in the draft proposal .

The assembly divided itself into five committees and 26 sub-committees to dissect the 131 draft proposals it has received.

The draft proposals were to be discussed with the trade unions and opposition parties before being submitted to the People's Assembly.

regulation

Many of the draft regulations will be complete by Christmas.

The draft regulations also provide details of the proposed minimum content of summary financial statements for banks.

The draft Regulation re-emphasises that Member States fix their HLCAs on bands according to the severity of permanent natural handicaps on agriculture.

report

Its work was suspended during the election campaign and advisers fear that its draft report could now be shelved.

There's a long draft report I would like you to do, by lunchtime if possible.

Priddle's division inside the department last year wrote a draft report on conservation for energy secretary, Nigel Lawson.

A transmittal letter should be used whenever draft reports are submitted or preliminary opinions given.

There was also a full staff meeting where the draft report was discussed with the director.

Boreholes were drilled and geophysical investigations were made at Shaftesbury, and a draft report has been prepared.

But the airline had seen the draft report and accepted its findings.

The draft report of the Cadbury Committee has been described as the opening of a debate.

treaty

Will the Government veto a draft treaty Hon. Members Would you?

Such measures were included in the December 1991 Maastricht draft treaty .

It is our aim to do the same on the draft treaty on political union.

He made it clear that at that point a judgement would be taken as to whether the draft treaty was acceptable or not.

Luxembourg, the conference chair, has ignored these ideas in its draft treaty .

The draft treaty of the Political Community, with 117 articles, was presented in Strasbourg on 10 March 1953.

version

In its draft version the report declares that market forces alone will not ensure more efficient use of energy.

The draft version for comment incorporates practices and interpretations that have become established over the years and includes some new provisions.

■ VERB

approve

The session approved a draft Constitution which would be circulated for nationwide discussion.

It also approved a government draft for a commercial code to take effect from Jan. 1, 1992.

The King approves the committee's draft constitution.

Some mortgagees insist on approving the draft conveyance or transfer and regard must therefore be had to the practice of each mortgagee.

It is right for 1992 that the House should approve the draft order.

On June 7 the Cabinet approved the 1989/90 draft socio-economic development plan as part of the second five-year national development plan.

avoid

Frank had married for love, but he timed the wedding to avoid the draft .

Also, questions arose about the methods Clinton used to avoid the draft in 1968.

prepare

I hope this information helps you in preparing the draft response.

Jackson came over at once, armed with a fully prepared draft of a bill, which he read to the assembly.

For the purchaser's lawyer, it is a useful basis from which to start preparing the draft sale agreement.

There are other comparatively rare occasions when the seller's solicitors prepare the draft .

A working group, with representatives of all the republics concerned, was established to prepare a first draft .

Only one in eight local authorities had consulted disabled people before preparing a draft plan.

present

When presented with the draft confidentiality agreement, the purchaser should ensure that there are adequate exemptions to the confidentiality obligation.

The federal officials presented a draft of their plan for the extension.

produce

It is also clearly much easier to produce one's own draft agreement than to work from and mark-up some one else's.

Barnes said she is asking the court to force the Navy to produce any earlier drafts .

propose

The draft law proposes that such work of art will be considered legally yours after twenty years.

provide

A draft scheme to provide a comprehensive ambulance service for the whole of Bedfordshire was approved.

This is soon to be published in draft and will provide a strategic planning framework for the region to the year 2005.

The draft regulations also provide details of the proposed minimum content of summary financial statements for banks.

publish

We have also published for consultation the draft asylum appeals procedure rules.

Next month the commission plans to publish two draft directives on this topic.

This is soon to be published in draft and will provide a strategic planning framework for the region to the year 2005.

It was sensibly decided not to publish the draft White Paper they prepared.

We will publish a draft Budget four months before the final version, to promote open discussion of economic and taxation policy.

This enabled reports to be published with draft bills annexed.

The Board expects to publish a specification in draft shortly.

read

He read the completed draft through slowly a second time.

As he read the first draft of his sermon, Barnabas listened with sincere interest.

submit

The teachers' union even submitted the draft constitution to the bishops soas to get it right.

write

The steering group are currently writing the first draft of these standards of performance.

Tanedo works individually with students, helping them brainstorm and write rough drafts .

It is easiest to write the first draft all in one go - then you sustain the mood of the short story.

Before their Joblike job was finished eight years after they signed on, they had written an incredible 27 drafts .

Priddle's division inside the department last year wrote a draft report on conservation for energy secretary, Nigel Lawson.

If your company has a style guide, follow it closely. 3. Write and review the draft .

I have written a draft which I have submitted to the relevant government authorities.

Once you have written the draft , send copies to other committee members two or three days before the next meeting.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

cash a cheque/postal order/draft etc

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

By the end of the year, Jim had produced a first draft of his new novel.

Could you close the window? There's a draft in here.

I read a draft of the first chapter and thought it was very good.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Journalism, it is often said in newsrooms, is the first draft of history.

Next, the draft would make it cheaper for disgruntled shareholders to sue directors for mismanagement.

The cold draft forced visitors to wear heavy coats outside the Los Angeles Clippers' locker room.

The Committee draws attention to any draft which it considers to raise a matter of political or legal importance.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

in

Extra police were drafted in to attempt to move the crowds away.

As expected, Paul Parker of Manchester United has been drafted in .

There comes a point when new players have to be drafted in .

Flopping Central banks from round the world were drafted in yesterday to stop the pound's slide.

Derek Quinnell and Tommy David were drafted in .

The expansion of the police administrative staff guaranteed a faster route to the top for those who were drafted in as clerks.

Police marksmen were then drafted in for a 12 hour siege after he barricaded himself in.

Sixty officers have been drafted in and they're confident of finding the killers.

■ NOUN

agreement

Just sitting down together as a family to draft an agreement can encourage analysis and co-operation.

army

The hotel was almost empty and all the young men had been drafted into the army .

bill

There was widespread concern about the effect of the movies and over 30 states began to draft censorship bills .

As drafted , neither bill would deny public elementary or secondary education to illegal immigrants, as Proposition 187 sought to do.

It was responsible for drafting a Bill and a campaign which resulted in the introduction of radical and influential legislation in 1974.

committee

The Industry Ministry was scheduled for abolition, to be replaced by a State Committee directed towards drafting industrial strategy and privatization.

Janet led us through the victories at the polls, then appointed a committee that drafted the Florida Educational Equity Act.

constitution

The new administration was given responsibility for preparing for the forthcoming general election and drafting a new constitution .

The actual drafting of every constitution is either directly or indirectly controlled by those with political power in the society.

The new parliament's principal task would be to draft a constitution for approval by the electorate in a referendum.

A 16-member commission to draft a new constitution was also set up.

Elections should then follow for a constituent assembly which would draft a constitution .

It decreed that a council of representatives would elect a president and would be responsible for drafting a constitution .

New constitutional committee A 14-member committee was appointed on Jan. 21 to draft a new constitution for multiparty democracy.

document

The committee has until May to draft a document .

One lawyer needs to work on the collective ideas and draft the documents .

Kings sometimes instructed or allowed churchmen to draft and write these documents , and Cnut apparently often did so.

law

Instead, he believes he can begin drafting new laws to put his ideas into practice.

This rump has been ordered to draft a new electoral law within two months so that new elections can be held.

It took until May 1949 to draft the Basic Law .

legislation

There is a movement afoot to draft legislation that would repeal the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings law.

Under severe pressure from the neighborhood, the council drafted legislation to stop construction of the metal houses.

The 40-member steering committee was mandated to formulate agreements on all outstanding issues and to draft legislation to formalize any agreements.

letter

I've already drafted a letter informing him that it may be some time before Miss Brown's estate is settled.

I drafted a letter to the publisher, complaining about the offending sentence.

I will send copies of the correspondence, and we should draft follow up letters .

George had drafted a letter in her name concerning her thoughts on her novel Frankenstein.

officer

Police drafted armed officers into the village and called in a helicopter with heat-seeking equipment.

paper

At her request, an interagency team was organized to draft a strategy paper laying out the reasons for ousting Boutros-Ghali.

plan

With those principles, Lord Owen and Mr Vance drafted their plan .

Kwalwasser drafted a reorganization plan for his office that the board of education approved Tuesday.

The parents also complained they were not consulted in drafting the plan .

Whenever I draft a plan , it is approved almost without consideration.

He drafted plans , elegant plans, in eighth -, quarter -, and half-inch scale.

proposal

There is an element of utopianism in drafting such proposals , though I believe these ideas are worth pursuing.

The two friends drafted a fee proposal for their client, asking Duboc to pay them $ 3 million.

statement

One or other of them drafted a statement which was a flat denial that he had misbehaved either sexually or politically.

Subgroups again met to draft a statement .

You might draft a specimen statement and show it as an appendix.

version

He asked Bill Hope to draft a final version that could be tested one more time back in the company.

■ VERB

begin

A ministerial meeting in Venice agreed to this and in June work began to draft the treaties.

There was widespread concern about the effect of the movies and over 30 states began to draft censorship bills.

Instead, he believes he can begin drafting new laws to put his ideas into practice.

The drafter should not begin to draft until he/she knows exactly what he/she wants to say.

Now, with varying degrees of enthusiasm, all these councils have begun preparations to draft or update their plans.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Ballou drafted a proposal which was later presented to the school board.

Craigwell was the first player drafted by the Chicago Blackhawks.

She's busy drafting her speech for next week's conference.

Somehow my boss drafted me into filing these reports.

The prisoners sat down together to draft a letter to the governor.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A 16-member commission to draft a new constitution was also set up.

He was drafted into civilian service by missy Peckha.

Officials are drafting the strategy, which aims to raise teaching standards through training and staff support.

She drafts official proclamations and reads them with great ceremony.

The drafter should not begin to draft until he/she knows exactly what he/she wants to say.

The White House did not draft its own amendment, and Clinton said he would work with Congress to draft one.

With those principles, Lord Owen and Mr Vance drafted their plan.

III. adjective

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Garven said he could not reveal details of the draft report.

It was almost 2am when the news came through that a draft agreement had been reached.

On the last day, the team presents a draft report to the superintendent.

The council also instructed Gittings and Lounsbery to come back in 30 days with a draft ordinance for a citywide cabaret tax.

The packs will include title documents, searches, surveys and a draft contract.

We have had thousands of requests for the draft procedures'.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.