Meaning of ENERGY in English

ENERGY

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

alternative energy (= energy produced by the sun, wind etc rather than by gas, coal etc )

sources of alternative energy

an energy source

We hope to see increased usage of renewable energy sources.

an energy/oil/fuel crisis

There is an energy crisis here, with power cuts happening daily.

atomic energy

be bursting with pride/energy/excitement etc

Your mum’s bursting with pride for you.

concentrate your efforts/attention/energy/mind etc on sth

I’m concentrating my efforts on writing my autobiography.

defence/energy/housing etc policy

Our energy policies must put the environment first.

devote your time/energy/attention etc to sth

He devoted his energies to writing films.

drained of energy

I felt depressed and completely drained of energy .

energy consumption

Over a quarter of our energy consumption is in the home.

energy efficiency (= using energy in an efficient way )

Energy efficiency can play a huge role in reducing pollution.

energy requirements (= the amount of energy a place or person needs )

65 percent of the country’s energy requirements were met by imported oil.

energy resources

The country has few energy resources of its own.

energy/fitness level

Her fitness level is better than that of most 20-year-olds.

energy/fuel efficient (= not wasting any fuel or energy )

an energy efficient heating system

expend energy/effort/time/resources etc

People of different ages expend different amounts of energy.

Manufacturers have expended a lot of time and effort trying to improve computer security.

flagging spirits/energy/morale

By now the wine had lifted her flagging spirits.

full of excitement/energy/hope etc

Lucy was a happy child, always full of life .

He was full of praise for the work of the unit.

muster (up) the courage/confidence/energy etc to do sth

Finally I mustered up the courage to ask her out.

nuclear energy

France’s reliance on nuclear energy

potential energy

renewable energy

renewable energy such as solar power

sap sb’s strength/courage/energy

Her long illness was gradually sapping Charlotte’s strength.

wave energy/power (= electricity from the movement of waves )

Wave power involves using the movement of the seas to generate electricity.

youthful enthusiasm/energy/vigour

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

alternative

It is 40 percent more expensive than coal, and there is an abundance of alternative energy sources.

Any and all ideas about alternative sources of energy are seriously being considered and explored.

The nuclear plants will not be phased out until the alternative energy sources are ready to come on-stream, however.

This requires the development of alternative sources of energy that are either renewable or inexhaustible.

It would pay for time on military computers and research on alternative energy sources and methods of cleaning polluted soil and water.

Like the oil crisis of the 1970s, the California energy crisis is fueling an investment boom in alternative energy.

However, I found the short section on conservation and alternative energy sources disappointing.

The hazard of this diet was that patients had to have an alternative source of energy so they turned to fat.

atomic

This light is tuned so that the photon energy exactly matches the desired atomic transition energy.

Still, I catch glimpses of the same atomic energy she has always had, the same joie de vivre.

Substantial amounts have been earmarked for energy - mainly to a new agency for energy management and the atomic energy agency.

We had great difficulty getting information on the atomic energy privatisation measure.

These two effects split the atomic energy levels into several components, producing the so-called hyperfine structure.

Singh proposed that industrial licences be abolished except in certain strategic sectors such as the arms industry, atomic energy and strategic minerals.

free

According to Helmholtz, the free energy F in a system always tends towards a minimum.

The standard free energy change of a reaction can be calculated in two ways.

Early quantum mechanics required that interactions between sub-nuclear particles and atoms occur in spaces which are free of energy and mass.

We have already seen that Gibbs free energy is useful in two ways.

The free energy of any substance decreases with increasing temperature.

You can also ask them for their three FREE booklets on energy saving.

full

They were - and are - a hardy people, full of energy and unafraid.

The nationalization of the electricity sector followed 22 years later, bringing the full energy spectrum under state control.

Kids are fearless and full of energy , and no parent can watch them 24 hours a day.

By the evening they are still full of energy when the early risers wilt.

Like many untalented people, he was full of futile energy .

The Republicans in Congress may be full of energy and ideas.

Helen's swollen stomach was finally becoming noticeable, but she still seemed slim and full of energy .

Only as these islands coalesce is the full Madelung energy involved, producing the observed increase in adsorption heat with coverage.

great

It seemed as though a valve had burst inside her and a great gush of energy was being released.

The president, Arista, Bustamante, and other leaders in the field displayed great energy and vigor in meeting these challenges.

Vlasov showed great energy and leadership qualities, transforming his division into a conspicuous example of efficiency.

Do pray Father, for it will demand a great deal of energy from these old bones.

To dance to them throughout the night required a great deal of energy and agility.

He was a man of great energy , ability and ruthlessness.

Fowler was a man of great energy and enthusiasm and pursued his wide interests in many fields of engineering with great vigour.

A great deal of energy is wasted in this process.

high

Smaller animals can therefore live where there is less food, provided that it is of high energy content.

Sleep onset insomnia is also a problem for people who have an extremely high energy level.

Microwaves create very short, high energy radio-waves which agitate and heat water molecules on or near the surface of foods.

This moves their orbital electrons from the ground state to a higher energy level that is unstable.

The Kimberley area is rich in crystalline deposits; thus the rocks have high energy content.

Stage I-Getting started. High energy , but some mistakes.

He identified pharmacy, high energy physics and architecture as being over-represented in the universities.

No doubt they had been working since they could walk and high energy output was a habit.

kinetic

The two comets are entirely ablated, whereas the stony objects lose most of their kinetic energy to deceleration, not ablation.

For gravitational energy is negative, while rest mass and kinetic energy are positive.

The kinetic energy , or energy of motion, of the ship has been exchanged for strain energy in the rope.

It is a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in a system.

Velocity is important. Kinetic energy frees the brain and confuses the enemy.

In the first case they had enough kinetic energy to make it; in the second case they did not.

The kinetic energy lost by a body of mass m rising through the same distance is remarkably similar:.

Rapidly the temperature climbed to 5000 C as friction with the atmosphere turned the kinetic energy of the craft into heat.

low

The one at lower energy is a sharp doublet with essentially no progression, just one pair of weak satellites.

In elements with multiple electron orbits, the smallest orbits correspond with the lowest energy and these fill up first.

Despite the adverse effect of lower output, energy efficiency has been maintained at the 1990 level.

Steel and shipbuilding have been replaced by low energy industries - electronics, microprocessors, information technology and various service industries.

Viewed under a low energy ultra-violet lamp, structures such as cross-lamination and bioturbation fluoresce bright blue and yellow.

It is complementary to low energy electron diffraction, which probes long range order - ie a minimum domain size of 100-200A/9.

Crystal cleanliness and crystallinity were checked by Auger electron spectroscopy and low energy electron diffraction, respectively.

It was also the aim to find bricks that had a low embodied energy from their manufacturing process.

nervous

There, often with Susan Einzig as his partner, his nervous energy became concentrated, dervish-like, into a trance-like state.

During contests he was as jumpy as a schoolgirl and gave off a static charge of nervous energy .

She felt elated and furious, and trembled with nervous energy .

The world might end at any moment; the illustrations of ninth-century Apocalypses are charged with innovation and nervous energy .

He's been living on his reserves of nervous energy for the past couple of weeks.

She was exhausting company, not because she argued but because there was a constant play of restless nervous energy in her.

nuclear

Juries may not understand the niceties of nuclear energy , but they can distinguish right and wrong.

Indigenous oil discoveries proved disappointing and efforts have been directed towards hydro-electric power, nuclear and geothermal energy .

S., restrict certain investments in, for example, nuclear energy .

Towards this end, agreements were signed on fishing, trade, environmental protection and the peaceful use of nuclear energy .

No one had believed that day would ever come. Nuclear energy was the wave of the future.

By then nuclear energy should be contributing more than one-fifth of electricity generation.

This is just the latest example of the threat to free information and even free speech presented by the nuclear energy lobby.

potential

The third property of a polymer which affects its mechanical behaviour is the between-chain potential energy .

This would lead into a study of kinetic and potential energy .

A similar disregard for the potential for renewable energy was evident if the expenditure on subsidy was analysed.

There is also gravitational potential energy .

One interesting potential source of energy in the Third World is the water hyacinth and other aquatic weeds.

Systems tend to a minimum in potential energy .

It loses potential energy until it reaches a minimum at the bottom of the hill.

Moreover, when the cells form tissue they bring their energy level into line with the potential surface energy of the tissue.

renewable

For this reason, renewable energy investment was not yet sufficiently attractive to retail investors.

Double government spending on renewable energy research.

We aren't powered by renewable energy .

The answer is simple - make energy efficiency a number one global priority and speed up the development of renewable energy technologies.

Energy efficiency and renewable energy go hand in hand.

Attention should be focused on developing renewable energy sources, he said.

A similar disregard for the potential for renewable energy was evident if the expenditure on subsidy was analysed.

Today, he will have benefited greatly from hearing exactly what is the Government's policy on renewable energy .

solar

Much of the expansion in solar energy has been funded with loans from international lending institutions.

We now know that solar energy is an idea whose time has come.

The most important are nuclear fission, wind, wave and tidal energy sources and solar energy by direct conversion and biomass.

He wondered again about its black color; that was ideal, of course, for absorbing solar energy .

In addition to stimulating specific projects, a research centre for solar energy is due to be established.

Also, the monsoon overcast tended to cut down the amount of solar energy available.

Cheap solar energy conversion has been a dream of some scientists since the first oil crisis back in the late 1970s.

Engineers have recently experimented with the concept of capturing solar energy .

total

Thus, in patients with carbohydrate malabsorption the colon may play an important role in meeting total energy needs.

As much as several percent of the total energy of an entering meteor is radiated as light and heat.

The answer is that the total energy of the universe is exactly zero.

The total energy return is enough to meet all human power needs for several hundred years.

Deciding - consciously or not - to expend energy involves a choice and an assessment of the total energy available.

This is more than the total explosive energy of all the nuclear weapons on Earth.

There will also be an increase in the proportion of total energy demand accounted for by coal.

It is the global cost, the total energy input.

■ NOUN

conservation

Predicting fuel consumption and the effects of energy conservation practices has had only limited success.

Payback period analysis is frequently used in assessing the merits of energy conservation investments.

Air pollution and energy conservation aside, private vehicles also come under attack when we consider rural and urban environments.

In 1999, the Water and Light Department did not make any energy conservation grants attributable to the two arenas.

In the true spirit of energy conservation chose a bicycle for his gift.

The law of energy conservation is a very important physical principle.

It was the rise in world crude prices which brought energy conservation seriously into view.

Instead of energy conservation , they advocate building more dams and nuclear plants.

consumption

We will introduce new product labels, showing information such as energy consumption during use and the environmental impact of the production process.

Within 18 months, they had reduced energy consumption by 30 percent.

The overheating causes an increase in overall energy consumption of only 7 %.

The council has managed to reduce its overall energy consumption by 16 percent since 1979.

In most developed countries, cooking would account for less than 5 percent of national energy consumption .

The cost of a tube is small compared with the cost of energy consumption over the lifetime of the tube.

In 1983 this, the cheapest of all electricity sources, accounted for 75% of energy consumption .

A model system relates energy consumption to emissions of sulphur and nitrogen oxide emissions.

costs

As well as the more obvious things like reducing energy costs and recycling where possible, the community is benefiting from the programme.

The county had budgeted $ 13.5 million for energy costs in the 2000-2001 fiscal year.

Tony Durham Mains signalling is both a domestic luxury and a way to cut industry's energy costs .

In October, supervisors learned the county was $ 10.7 million over budget on its energy costs .

Their raw material and energy costs would rise, while being deprived of their previous government subsidies.

Supervisors said then they might have to consider budget cuts to make up for the energy costs .

This low growth will result from such factors as inflation, energy costs , environmental constraint and low population growth.

Ekard believes the county can absorb the extra energy costs this year.

crisis

The forgotten energy crisis Energy for cooking is one of the biggest human needs.

The Senate alone has no fewer than 60 special bills related to the energy crisis .

The Third World faces an energy crisis even without the problems posed by global warming.

Along with the increased possibilities of a recession, the energy crisis was immediately followed by a new inflationary leap.

They had been on to the energy crisis , for example, years before it hit politics.

The so-called energy crisis is really a fossil fuel crisis.

demand

Lee Schipper, an energy demand analyst from the Lawrence Laboratory in California, agreed.

The environmental impact of humans' future energy demand needs further examination.

This stood at 21% of energy demand in 1973 and was at only 22% in 1983.

There will also be an increase in the proportion of total energy demand accounted for by coal.

Coal consumption will fall from 13% of energy demand in 1983 to 11% in the year 2000.

Lalonde said that the government would seek alternative solutions to the energy demands of farmers and industrialists.

Even electricity demand , which has historically grown faster than total energy demand, decreases in two of the five scenarios.

According to Johansson, government planners typically assess how energy demand has grown alongside economic growth.

efficiency

Conservation or energy efficiency is still the fifth fuel.

But Clinton insists that new technologies will improve energy efficiency , enabling developing countries to continue economic growth without increasing emissions.

Both groups favour investment in energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.

So there is no significant push towards energy efficiency when houses are built or rehabilitated.

Despite the adverse effect of lower output, energy efficiency has been maintained at the 1990 level.

Can energy efficiency and a greater dependence on natural gas cut carbon emissions sufficiently on their own?

Home energy efficiency is increasingly seen as a route to a reduction in national greenhouse gas emissions.

level

The most fruitful studies have been based on calculated energy levels .

Has experienced a change in one of the following: appetite, sleep patterns, concentration or energy levels ? 3.

The quantum numbers represent energy levels .

Thermodynamic entropy draws all chemical reactions down to their minimal energy level .

Quite simply, the core energy levels for atoms of a particular element depend on its environment.

In these positions, qualities such as energy level , telephone voice, and sales ability take precedence over educational attainment.

Sunday's different, energy levels are low and you can't summon the strength or stamina to do anything.

With laser techniques, however, the molecular energy levels of the impurities are quite different from the atomic ones.

policy

Hence security of supply continues to be a major objective of Community energy policy .

Fox has voiced support for President Bush's call for a regional energy policy .

He said Britain needed an integrated energy policy .

The dumping of Kyoto and the new energy policy have similarly been clothed in soothing words of environmental concern.

We would not have needed much of today's debate if we had a proper energy policy .

Our energy policy consists of two legs.

His as-yet unpublished review concludes that conservation has had little impact on overall energy policy .

price

Shortages of imported oil sparked lines at gas stations and sent energy prices skyrocketing.

Cold weather caused temporary rise in energy prices .

Solidarity agreed to hold talks with Olszewski over energy prices .

Her sin was to say that energy prices in this country are too low.

The nuclear programme was embarked upon against a background of rising oil and energy prices .

The forecasters expect some decline in energy prices and a smaller increase in food prices.

It was announced on Feb. 18 that energy prices would increase by 30 percent from April 1.

Sluggish gold and energy prices for most of 1995 helped explain investors' reluctance to venture into hard assets.

source

It is 40 percent more expensive than coal, and there is an abundance of alternative energy sources .

Down on the factory floor, automatic control had the expected virtue of moderating high-powered energy sources as mentioned earlier.

The Building Research Establishment give the following figures for the emission of carbon dioxide per kilowatt hour for different energy sources .

Fusion of light isotopes is the energy source that powers the Sun and the stars.

The ultimate aim is to replace gasoline altogether by using battery power or other non-polluting energy sources .

The most important are nuclear fission, wind, wave and tidal energy sources and solar energy by direct conversion and biomass.

But they are strongly opposed to his expected tax on oil, coal and other energy sources .

supply

On days when your toddler's energy supply seems endless, you really need to get him out of the house.

Millions of informed people are concerned about future energy supplies for Earth.

Reddy disagrees with the assumption that such expensive energy supply is necessary.

Perata said his figure was a fraction of the amount the state is now spending on emergency energy supplies .

They use solar collectors and windmills for energy supply and each region aims at self-sufficiency in proteins.

The renewable energy sources must eventually dominate world energy supply .

Wouldn't it be nice not to have to worry about your energy supply ?

use

If these sources were included, renewable energy would contribute about 18 percent of current world energy use .

Your electric bill will not necessarily be larger, because per-capita energy use may then be only half what it is now.

Environmental pressures will also require a drive towards greater efficiency in energy use .

Ungainly as that may sound, it is efficient in terms of energy use .

These measurements, which will show trends in energy use , identify areas needing urgent attention.

If this would otherwise be done leaving food out or in the refrigerator, then the microwave actually adds to energy use .

The major theme is a consideration of the interrelationships between various patterns of energy use and possible global warming.

The result is higher mileage, more energy use and more pollution.

■ VERB

convert

The action of the lungs works like a bellows which enriches the internal fire where food is converted into energy .

This occurs as the result of toxins that form as mechanical energy is converted to electrical energy.

In effect, they convert the energy of the electromagnetic radiation into chemical energy.

Because the truth would emerge as soon as you converted the energy into a different form.

This is about the energy that would be released if a hydrogen atom could be totally converted into energy.

He showed converting energy from the sun into useful forms was scientifically possible.

All these provide indirect means of converting solar energy to forms of energy which are useful to us.

The sensing element of a scintillation counter is a fluor, a substance capable of converting radiation energy to light energy.

devote

As for the moody magnetism Method actors devote all their energy trying to perfect, Allen can take it or leave it.

They acknowledged that they should devote time and energy to developing relationships with those outside their unit.

The person decides consciously or not to devote time and energy to a particular activity.

Well, for one thing, they devote time, energy , and community resources to creating great works of spiritual art.

They may also have to devote energy searching for services to which the child has a right.

A low-performing organization that continues to devote scarce time and energy to the pursuit of remote goals is courting disappointment.

They began to see that devoting time and energy to this endeavor bore fruit.

expend

Pushing heavy crates expends a lot of energy , so planning would be appropriate in that task too.

When people are fighting against their environment, they are expending energy that would be better directed toward other goals.

Deciding - consciously or not - to expend energy involves a choice and an assessment of the total energy available.

Some expend tremendous energy desperately trying to stop the clock.

And because dense bones tend to sink, black swimmers need to work much harder and expend more energy to keep afloat.

The forest had already been defoliated and the oaks and aspens were expending precious energy sending out a second flush of leaves.

Although exercise becomes more difficult as weight is gained, you expend more energy simply staying alive the heavier you are.

Few commanders would have wished to expend the time and energy required to overcome places so heavily defended.

produce

The first was that it seemed to be producing energy from some almost limitless source, albeit slowly.

This produces energy and also unwanted lethal products whose disposal is the source of much political concern.

Not to be missed is Water at Work, in which peddling a bicycle produces the energy necessary to create a tornado.

That is true even if incineration produces energy that can be sold, or if recycling recovers sellable materials.

That they use leaves to produce the energy they need to sustain life?

Carbon dioxide is taken out of the water by plants to photosynthesise and produce energy .

Like humans, yeast cells prefer to burn their glucose with oxygen to produce energy .

provide

Athletes such as Boris Becker are fans of the fruit because it is easily digested to provide an instant energy high.

It was supposed that burning wood, trash, and the like would provide for our energy needs.

One tube is not enough to provide the necessary light energy for photosynthesis.

The definition of food can include both solids and liquids which provide sources of energy .

Most caddies today have a basic idea of what is good for their player during a round to provide slow-burning energy .

They had done this using processes analogous to those which provided the energy of the Sun.

Both carbohydrates and fats provide plentiful sources of energy .

Elongated bodies, the mitochondria, provide energy by burning oxygen in much the same way as many bacteria do.

reduce

The council has managed to reduce its overall energy consumption by 16 percent since 1979.

Within 18 months, they had reduced energy consumption by 30 percent.

Computers will reduce our energy needs, according to Dertouzos.

Heat recycling pumps use little power themselves and improve heat distribution, reducing the amount of energy needed to heat the house.

It must also ask whether we should concentrate more on actually reducing our demand for energy in the first place.

The programme also offers advice on reducing consumption of energy and raw materials.

Other companies are also looking for ways to reduce the amount of energy consumed in the major processes for making polymers.

If successful, it will be introduced into all stores to reduce energy consumption by up to 10%.

release

It is also possible to release stored energy suddenly, resulting in a violent reflex contraction of the back muscles.

But unlike prehistoric man, you have far fewer ways to release the energy produced by the stress response.

For himself, he finds that the sitting posture most effectively releases his contemplative energy .

Like yeast, the cells in our bodies usually burn glucose with oxygen because it releases so much energy .

Iron nuclei have the largest binding energy per nucleon; hence neither fission nor fusion can release further energy.

That means that the two quakes released identical amounts of energy .

The compressed gas expands explosively, releasing energy into the speed of the molecules8.

require

In fact, breaking one of the bonds, by pulling an electron out of it, requires a lot of energy .

The whole system requires enormous amounts of energy .

Clearly, the process requires energy .

National and Statewide campaigns also require massive amounts of energy and stamina, as well as superior fund raising skills.

It is often eaten by athletes who require gradually released energy for long distance events.

Making profitable decisions requires energy , stamina and a good blood supply to the brain.

Every bit of information processed requires energy .

The maintenance of transparency requires energy .

save

But topping out with computerised control can save energy by matching usage accurately with need.

According to Jorgensen, there are simple ways to save energy in the household without dramatic lifestyle changes.

Movements and posture used daily when doing different jobs or in different occupations can save or squander energy .

Automaticsetback thermostats should be used on all systems, to save energy when you are asleep or away.

Induction cooking saves energy in a number of ways.

It seems we use more time and energy on the technology that was supposed to save us time and energy.

Of course we must save 25 percent of energy through better insulation and so on.

Now, everybody seems to have a plan to boost supply or save energy .

spend

Double government spending on renewable energy research.

Pick and choose how you spend your time and energy .

Yet Barclays and Lloyds have spent much time and energy privately rubbishing Switch, in efforts to promote their own debit cards.

Perata said his figure was a fraction of the amount the state is now spending on emergency energy supplies.

Taking Breaks to Increase Productivity Productivity increases as we spend more time and energy , but only up to a critical point.

Brown has spent much of his energy during his first six weeks working on Muni.

Government spending on energy efficiency has decreased by £9.5 million since 1985.

Why the hell they can't spend their energy pursuing the likes of is beyond me.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

energy-intensive/knowledge-intensive etc

every (last) ounce of courage/energy/strength etc

It had taken every ounce of courage she possessed to board the aircraft after her last experience.

time/money/energy waster

Although it is easy to dismiss meetings as time wasters , the above indicates why you should take them seriously.

Cons: Writing with pen and paper is perhaps one of the greatest time wasters in the business world.

FoE pinpointed fridges, light bulbs, washing machines, dishwashers, televisions, and tumble driers as energy wasters .

Good experience and dedication, no time wasters .

Romantic as it may be, a fireplace without glass doors is a real energy waster .

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Certain vitamins can give you more energy , if you're always feeling tired.

I don't have the time or the energy to go out in the evenings.

nuclear energy

She's got tremendous energy and a huge capacity for hard work.

the world's energy resources

Watkins will need more than energy and experience to turn the department around.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Cassidy certainly has energy , if you consider he will be 62 in June.

Do we actually come out ahead by carrying out this scheme, trading uranium energy for helium-3 energy?

He teaches that essential oils can also be used to balance the subtle energy forces in the body similar to acupuncture.

However, far more use is made of geothermal energy for direct heat.

In a multi-electron atom, the lowest energy shells fill up first.

Only children had the energy for play, the adults were in a permanent state of weariness.

These equations affect inputs, memory, recall, determination of energy levels, convergence, and stability.

Vortex missile ... ... creates a whirlpool of seething energy ... ... our only vortex missile.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.