Meaning of ESTIMATE in English

ESTIMATE

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

the estimated cost (= one that is guessed and may not be exact )

The estimated cost was in the region of £3,000.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

accurate

It became essential to obtain an accurate estimate of just how many tigers were left.

Thus half the effort of benefit-cost analysis would devolve upon the firm, whose owners' best interests dictate accurate cost estimates .

Similarly, accurate estimates of the marginal costs of production are often very difficult to obtain.

So even in 1966, the twelve-minute figure does not appear to have been an accurate estimate .

The most reliable and accurate estimates can normally be obtained using one of the true cross-areal interpolation methods.

Some leading Republican members of Congress said Friday they consider $ 825 million to be a more accurate estimate .

All are now agreed that that proved to be a remarkably accurate estimate .

Second, how can we be sure that it provides for an accurate and reliable estimate of that population?

average

Results matched the average estimate from 11 analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research.

As with most groups, the average estimates for women are two to four times higher than those for men.

Wall Street expected earnings of 71 cents, the average estimate of 12 analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research.

The results yesterday beat the average estimate of 19 cents, based on a poll of seven analysts by Zacks Investment Research.

Analysts had expected it to earn 36 cents a share, the average estimate of four analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research.

The results were in line with the average estimate of 71 cents a share from 13 analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research.

conservative

Even this conservative estimate of problem loans amounts to a striking 8% of the total loans in banks' portfolios.

But on conservative estimates its size is likely to triple by 2025.

At a conservative estimate the water was nearly a yard deep, even near the edge.

Any differences that emerged could therefore be regarded as conservative estimates for the species as a whole.

Duke reckoned it at a mile and three-quarters; the most conservative estimates put it at over a mile.

By conservative estimates , the agency has pared 2, 200 jobs in the past two years through attrition and early retirement.

All the data published on the effect of gill-nets on small cetaceans probably represents a conservative estimate of the number of deaths.

A conservative estimate is that 6 percent are homeless.

current

This is about a factor of 3 smaller than current best estimates of the neutron star radius.

Under this arrangement, Faurer was responsible for current intelligence, estimates , scientific and technical intelligence, and research.

But this slumped to a third quarter loss of £126 million. Current estimates suggest fourth quarter profits of around £24 million.

Gummer admitted that current estimates of traffic growth, and hence traffic-related pollution, were incompatible with sustainability.

Our current estimate of 70 cases per million population per year is certainly the minimum for the reasons described.

early

He hadn't been dead for very long - my earlier estimate of around six hours will be somewhere near the mark.

The earthquake registered a magnitude of 6.8, according to early estimates .

This represented 8 percent of the total as against an earlier estimate of 5.6 percent.

Our earliest estimate now is around mid-December.

good

This is about a factor of 3 smaller than current best estimates of the neutron star radius.

The best estimates are that Cairo has half a million roof dwellers.

Downstream people must be willing to take risks based on their best possible estimate of the future.

According to the best estimates , all this took place between 3. 7 and 4. 5 billion years ago.

A star's spectrum thus contains thousands of peaks and valleys, which provide a good estimate of that star's composition.

Taken together, they may be applied jointly to produce a better estimate of the cost of equity capital.

We may expect to generate a better estimate by using pseudo-costs.

But the best estimates now place them at about 350, 000 and growing rapidly.

high

Total debt stock for 1990 was estimated at US$16,446 million, more than US$11,000 million higher than 1989 estimates.

These steps give a higher estimate of X, as follows: 1.

The differences are small, varying between 32,000 jobs a year being the lowest estimate , to 38,000 being the highest estimate.

For these higher estimates nonconventional sources play an important role.

He attributed the higher estimate to David Hartman, the Austin banker who ran against Whitehead in 1994.

The figure is three time higher than previous estimates .

The government said the change to chain weights was largely responsible for the higher estimate .

initial

Spitfire restorations to airworthy status have notoriously exceeded initial estimates of timing and cost, irrespective of start point condition.

An initial estimate was made of the typesetting combination responsible for the character.

This figure lies on the high side of our initial estimate but two factors must be borne in mind.

low

Neither the authorship nor the commission were known to Sotheby's then, and it too had a similarly low estimate .

The differences are small, varying between 32,000 jobs a year being the lowest estimate , to 38,000 being the highest estimate.

Fifteen dollars was clearly a low estimate .

The instructor's low estimate of patron capability.

When the bids were returned, the lowest estimate by far was from Hunts Point.

Not that the difference between the lowest and highest estimate is of any significance.

This August Committee Meeting accepted the lowest estimates for building the clubhouse and the workshop.

mean

Population projections for 2050 range between 7.7 billion and 10.6 billion, with a mean estimate of 9.4 billion.

The mean estimate provided by First Call was 33 cents.

However, it received a mean accident estimate , 6.90, which is below the average for the 40 junctions.

That beat a mean estimate of 88 cents a share based on forecasts of 20 analysts surveyed by Zacks Investment Research.

Both mean cost estimates have been compared between treatment groups, and the significance of any difference tested using randomisation test procedures.

official

Some 800 grams of plutonium lie in the sediments of the Mururoa lagoon, according to official estimates .

There was no official estimate of how many people were stranded or delayed.

The latest figures for the disease are way above their official estimate for1992.

Experts like Freyle claim the official estimate of casualties is way understated.

It was the official estimate from the Soviet spokesman at the international conference at Vienna this year.

For state and local governments, circumventing the glitch could cost more than $ 100 million, according to official estimates .

Lovech was open from 1959 until April 1962 and interned 12,035, people according to official estimates .

Of the 19,067 engines in stock in 1921-2, 64 percent were unusable according to official estimates .

original

Always question any increase in price and ask why it was not included in the original estimates .

This was unchanged from the original estimate reported by Insee on Nov. 29.

Your original estimate , I think, was more realistic.

Never mind that figure was four times the original estimate for the safety assessment.

Nuclear power stations are notoriously unreliable and construction costs go way over original estimates .

The original damage estimate was $ 10, 000, later raised to $ 100, 000.

The original estimates are joined to the new ones by lines.

The reinstatement was thorough, taking place over two years and costing much more than the original estimate .

preliminary

A preliminary estimate suggests a likely ceiling of between 120 and 130 machines.

The victory came at a cost, however. Preliminary estimates put the lawyers' campaign at nearly $ 14 million.

The government will release a preliminary estimate of full-year gross domestic product tomorrow.

Gans' preliminary estimate about the Tuesday turnout means the spurt four years ago was an exception to the trend.

previous

Recent surveys show previous estimates of whale numbers to be wildly optimistic.

This is a revision of the previous unofficial estimate , which was: everybody except A.C.

This result is marginally bigger than the previous traditional estimate of 11p.

There have been previous estimates that he had spent $ 12 million thus far.

The figure is three time higher than previous estimates .

The Board says that a new assessment of the polonium impact puts the risk at only one hundredth of its previous estimate .

Again, the level of risk implied by this explanation seems inconsistent with the dosimetry and previous estimates of genetic risk.

The uncertainty in the 12.5 billion year figure is 3.0, which encompasses most previous cosmological estimates .

reasonable

Use the five steps and chart below to work out a reasonable estimate of the cost of rebuilding your home.

The most difficult part of the job lies in developing reasonable estimates of the equations for the curves.

Of this, 4 million cubic kilometres is a reasonable estimate for the freshwater we could extract.

Suitable accounting policies applied consistently and making use of reasonable and prudent estimates have been used in preparation of the accounts.

Radiometric dating has nearly reached the stage when we can make reasonable estimates at the stage, if not the zone level.

recent

This far exceeds more recent estimates for 1983 given at the On-line conference in December.

Reserves under the continental slopes are not included in these recent estimates .

The most recent estimates suggest that Britain has a population of about 250,000 adult badgers and 105,000 cubs.

The most convincing recent estimate records a fall in that proportion from 77 percent in 1905 to 61 percent in 1916.

More recent estimates have varied wildly.

A recent estimate suggests that members with farming and related experience are twice as numerous as those experienced in the park purposes.

reliable

Sampling theory showed that reliable estimates of population characteristics could be arrived at using appropriately constructed samples.

Quite sophisticated equipment and trained manpower is required to make reliable estimates .

The most reliable and accurate estimates can normally be obtained using one of the true cross-areal interpolation methods.

The practice is quite widespread, but no one has achieved any very reliable estimate of its scale, let alone a trend.

Second, how can we be sure that it provides for an accurate and reliable estimate of that population?

Better designed studies with more complete reporting of data would enable more reliable estimates of efficacy of treatment.

How reliable are its estimates of security betas?

rough

While the cost has yet to be calculated, rough government estimates show it likely will run to billions of dollars.

One in 5,000 is a rough estimate .

Calculate a rough estimate of interest at 1 percent per month.

You should be able to give a rough estimate of how much work each stage of the case is likely to entail.

As a rough estimate , the average number of records required per title is 5.

A rough estimate of the current amount of housebuilding in towns of over 50,000 population is around 15 percent.

It seems worthwhile to attempt such a semi-quantitative approach if only to give rough estimates of the parameters involved.

■ NOUN

cost

The presentation of a complete proposal comprising system design, implementation plan and cost estimates must be made by 31 December 1984.

But Boeing officials have said that cost estimates at this point are too premature to be credible.

This, with the total cost estimate , is the basis for estimating the return on investment of the project.

While this discussion was continuing, Schuster was still taking in the implications of the cost estimates .

Both mean cost estimates have been compared between treatment groups, and the significance of any difference tested using randomisation test procedures.

The architectural study by Hellmuth-Obata-Kassabaum would be used by construction managers to develop a more specific cost estimate by spring.

Thus even if Capital cost estimates come out higher it would not greatly lower the gain associated with gas-coal conversion.

Thus half the effort of benefit-cost analysis would devolve upon the firm, whose owners' best interests dictate accurate cost estimates .

■ VERB

based

To supplement traditional budgetary methods, medium-term financial planning based on estimates of economic growth was advocated.

Flight timings in this brochure are based on our best estimate and historic experience of airline flying programmes.

Initial investments of this type are relatively easy to plan because they are based on actual estimates .

compare

Researchers compared those estimates with the actual waiting times taken from a computerized database.

This compares with structure plan estimates of need totalling 231,000 to 233,000 over the five-year period.

But compared with past estimates , this one was a surprise.

This could be compared with an estimate of the same prevalence from some previous survey to give a measure of secular change.

On Tuesday, the company reported disappointing fourth-quarter earnings of 72 cents a share, compared with estimates of 88 cents.

Rank orderings of difficulties and hazards with advancing age will be compared with estimates given by skilled driving instructors.

Otherwise, actual profit on continuing operations is compared with the 120-day estimate .

exceed

For these reasons a number of highly estimated lots failed to find buyers while others far exceeded their estimates.

The profits exceeded analysts' estimates .

Spitfire restorations to airworthy status have notoriously exceeded initial estimates of timing and cost, irrespective of start point condition.

Kriegel was determined not to let the cost exceed the estimate without a fight.

In all the funeral exceeded the bishop's estimate by over £540, amounting to £940 18s. 11d.

This total of 84 million far exceeds all other estimates that we have seen.

There was the rub - Rose Lipman complained they were exceeding the estimates .

give

A cost of living index based more widely than on wheat, gives the estimates in Table 7.4.

Q: Could you give us an estimate as to how many people were in the ditch?

A builder will need to give an estimate for the building work.

These steps give a higher estimate of X, as follows: 1.

You should be able to give a rough estimate of how much work each stage of the case is likely to entail.

Campbell did not give a dollar estimate of the damage in Grand Forks County.

Current data on which regulatory decisions are based, because they are incomplete, give an imprecise estimate of risk.

The company declined to give specific estimates .

make

Quite sophisticated equipment and trained manpower is required to make reliable estimates .

And with this data they then make an estimate of the current computation on allies or some such thing.

Other surveys, including those carried out in relatively prosperous areas such as Bristol made similar estimates .

Ideally, rehabilitation began with doctors evaluating patients and making estimates about the potential recovery of muscle use and strength.

Since alcohol consumption may have varied with time, efforts were made to obtain estimates based on patient recall and chart review.

As soon as a primary or secondary copy has been made , the estimate will be updated.

I try to make a just estimate of myself as I do of everyone else, really.

Radiometric dating has nearly reached the stage when we can make reasonable estimates at the stage, if not the zone level.

obtain

It became essential to obtain an accurate estimate of just how many tigers were left.

If this is the type of thing you had in mind I shall obtain an estimate from him.

Similarly, we can obtain an estimate for the power spectrum on scales from bulk-flow studies.

Typically organisations require employees to obtain two or three estimates and base their payment on the lowest one.

Since alcohol consumption may have varied with time, efforts were made to obtain estimates based on patient recall and chart review.

Since is a constant across countries you should obtain the same estimate of it in this second case.

It is important to obtain detailed estimates .

However, if it is felt that the estimate is excessive, an alternative estimate should be obtained .

produce

The survey has produced the first national estimate of below tolerable standard houses derived from consistently applied methods.

Taken together, they may be applied jointly to produce a better estimate of the cost of equity capital.

Each year local authorities produce estimates of likely expenditure for the coming year.

It is also hoped to produce estimates across the board up to 1962 as a contribution to the complete picture up to the present.

provide

A star's spectrum thus contains thousands of peaks and valleys, which provide a good estimate of that star's composition.

Table 3. 2 provides individual estimate for gaseous coal seams with the geometric mean used wherever a wide spread is given.

We will be pleased to provide you with an estimate of these costs in advance, on request.

Seismologists can also provide statistical estimates of the long-term seismic hazard.

With regards to the expected Community Charge arrears at 1 April 1993, I have provided my best estimate .

Faecal concentrations, however, provide only an indirect estimate of the drug available in the tissues.

revise

Table 6.13 below shows a revised estimate of daily water use.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a ball-park figure/estimate/amount

a conservative estimate/guess

Conservative estimates indicate at least 150 people were killed in the military coup.

All the data published on the effect of gill-nets on small cetaceans probably represents a conservative estimate of the number of deaths.

At a conservative estimate the water was nearly a yard deep, even near the edge.

At a conservative estimate they had cost considerably more than she had just paid for her night's lodging.

By even a conservative estimate, about 10,000 Dall's porpoise were harpooned each year from 1976 to 1987.

I understand that is a conservative estimate.

Narcotics agents believe a conservative estimate of the number of laboratories is between 200 and 300.

On a conservative estimate, there are now about 5,000 books or articles that deal with it, at least in part.

On this basis imitation tasks ought to be regarded as giving a conservative estimate of the child's grammatical knowledge.

an outside figure/estimate etc

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

According to a government estimate , the number of refugees is at least 18 million.

According to some estimates, almost two thirds of the city has been destroyed by the earthquake.

At a rough estimate , staff are recycling less than a quarter of the paper we buy.

I'm allowing $300, but that's only an estimate .

I've asked the builders to give us an estimate for fixing the roof.

Officials said Huntcor's estimate of building costs was about $3 million more than expected.

The final cost was £2000 higher than the original estimate .

The paintings have been valued at $3.5 million, which is probably a conservative estimate .

These are the figures, but they're only a rough estimate .

This proposal represents a rough estimate of the cost of materials and labor.

We're predicting a 10% rise in oil prices -- and that's a conservative estimate .

We got two or three estimates on the car.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A number of estimates have been made of the effects of regional policy in terms of new jobs created directly and indirectly.

But outside observers have been sharply scaling back their estimates.

December sales will put earnings for the fourth quarter and all of fiscal 1996 below Wall Street analysts' estimates.

Lovech was open from 1959 until April 1962 and interned 12,035, people according to official estimates.

Q: Could you give us an estimate as to how many people were in the ditch?

This leads immediately to an estimate of about 360,000 heavily employed trainers needed in addition to school, college and tertiary education staff.

This was done by giving subjects a maximum number of accidents which their estimates could not exceed.

With estimates as high as $ 200 billion, this is a very important question.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

analyst

Some analysts have estimated the potential investment at more than $ 100 billion by companies with their sights set on productionsharing deals.

Demand has been heavy and analysts estimated that Ford makes $ 10, 000 on each Expedition it sells.

The company posted sales of $ 57million for 1994, and analysts estimate similar sales for 1995.

Cavallari, the Adventis analyst , estimates that Napster accounts for 3 percent of all Internet traffic.

That boosted the reported payroll increase by approximately 75, 000, some analysts estimated .

Wall Street analysts had estimated net income of 41.

Benefits analysts have estimated that companies now providing health insurance pay, on average, about 10 percent of their payroll.

The company earned $ 1. 89 a share last quarter, 5 percent higher than analysts estimated .

cost

Its cost is estimated as £77 million.

The final costs were an estimated $ 66 million in public and private costs.

Staff costs have not been estimated .

There are no cost estimates for implementing the program.

While the war was still in progress costs had been estimated lower, at between F5,000 million and F7,000 million.

For four additional options considered, boiler conversion costs are estimated at $ 47 per kilowatt.

Production will run into November and cost an estimated $ 20 million.

costs

Financial environmental appraisal is used to estimate the potential costs and benefits of responding to shortfalls highlighted in other audits.

Estimators working in the construction industry and manufacturing businesses have different methods of and motivations for estimating costs .

Before proceeding to estimate the costs of corporate crime, one last distinction needs to be made.

Sierra said of the estimated repair costs .

Such software offers add-ons such as modules to estimate quantities, labour costs , and labour schedules.

The program also provides recipes, a shopping list, estimated meal costs and a nutritional analysis of the recipes.

This project will estimate the benefits and costs of wildlife habitats and compare the results using different valuation techniques.

department

The Department of Energy estimates future NO2 emissions at up to 2.1 million tonnes by 2000.

The fire department estimates that damage at 50 Congress St. is about $ 500, 000, Caron said.

The Department of Energy estimates that 10 percent of our electricity could come from hot dry rock in 125 years' time.

The Commerce Department estimates that figure will rise to $ 45. 8 billion by 2000.

The Recreation and Park Department recently estimated 120 people camped in the park despite stepped-up police enforcement of anti-camping laws.

earnings

Co. analyst Joseph LaManna slashed his 1995 earnings estimate to 73 cents a share from 95 cents.

Computer and semiconductor stocks slid as three brokerage firms downgraded earnings estimates for Dell Computer.

The consensus earnings estimate from analysts surveyed by First Call was $ 1. 14 a share, excluding the charges.

Co. slashed its 1996 earnings estimate to $ 1. 00 a share from $ 1. 40.

loss

Even with such a drastic cut, we estimated our losses for the first year as being in the region of £148,000.

Gary Locke estimated losses totaling billions of dollars, as damage reports of highways, homes and businesses continued to trickle in.

Extrapolating his results to the entire Nature Reserve, Onyeanusi estimated that the actual loss of biomass was low.

Sales are down 10 percent this year, resulting in an estimated loss of $ 75 million for 1995.

Mr Mayo estimates that loan loss reserves will have to be increased by a third, assuming an economic soft landing.

He also estimates that the loss of revenue to schools over four years would be $ 1 billion.

Now London was a glorious bust and overdue for consolidation, at an estimated loss of a hundred million dollars.

One lawmaker estimated actual losses at $ 100 million.

number

South Ossetia's nationalist fighters were estimated to number 3,000, although they had no united command structure.

These weapons left over from wars and civil conflicts in 60 countries are estimated to number 100 million.

For accident estimates this is as would be expected since subjects were specifically estimating the total number .

Unfortunately, there is as yet no basis for estimating their total number or total mass.

Guiraudios estimated that the number of Minitel terminals installed will reach 8m to 9m within the next four to five years.

By estimating the expected number of each chromosome and comparing it with the observed number, any significant departures can be recorded.

Today, he estimates , the number of collectors has dropped to about 50.

Since then, the Amani Trust estimates that twice that number have been killed.

official

Navy officials estimated that having one 911 emergency center for the San Diego bases will save $ 4. 4 million.

But officials have estimated that at least 20 million pounds were brought into the United States illegally just last year.

Parking and Traffic officials estimate the replacement project would take two years.

Earlier, Democratic officials had estimated that there were several dozen.

Federal officials estimate that the timber salvaged from Southeastern forests damaged by Opal will generate about $ 10 million.

Utility officials estimated that 17,000 customers in the Seattle area were without power.

people

Until recently, lower military officials had taken the blame for the estimated 3,000 people who were murdered or went missing.

Earthquake and fires level San Francisco, killing an estimated 700 people .

Thousands of slum-dwellers were killed, and an estimated 100,000 people were made homeless.

An estimated 5, 000 people are currently active as music therapists.

An estimated 150,000 people crossed when the bridge opened last Saturday-15 times the number expected.

In all, an estimated 100, 000 people in San Diego work in telecommunications-related firms.

An estimated 300,000 people were killed.

An estimated 2, 500 people have survived crashes because their cars were equipped with air bags.

population

The commission estimates the population on the basis of the electoral register - but is working with the artificially low 1991 registers.

State biologists estimate its statewide population at 4, 000 to 6, 000, but exact figures are not known.

When small samples are used to estimate population standard deviations, the results are biased in the direction of underestimation.

Some historians have estimated a slave population in eighth-century Sussex of almost twenty thousand.

Two years later it was estimated that the cod population amounted to no more than 1700 tonnes.

rate

The firm's estimated successful assignment completion rate of 80% compares well with other leading firms.

In 1860 John Phillips proposed 96m years, based on estimated rates of erosion and sedimentation.

Unfortunately we are hardly yet in a position to estimate these rates in terms of years.

I can be used to graphically estimate the rate of gas generation.

Table 4 shows the proportion of individuals who have estimated hazard rates and reservation wages which fall with duration.

report

The report estimates that about 234,000 shells have been imported since 1981.

Sources said the report estimates that the Prop.

Senate report in 1991 estimated Cheng's net worth at more than $ 30 million.

A new report released yesterday now estimates the bill at $ 232. 02 million.

Recent news reports have estimated that 150 remain.

The report estimated first-year sales between 202, 000 and 236, 000 units.

sale

Calloway estimated the sales potential of such a book at one million copies worldwide.

Analysts estimate sales could reach $ 300 million a year once regulatory hurdles are cleared and full marketing gets under way.

PelFreez estimates that rabbit sales have climbed a steady 10 to 20 percent over the past few years.

The company posted sales of $ 57million for 1994, and analysts estimate similar sales for 1995.

The report estimated first-year sales between 202, 000 and 236, 000 units.

Analysts estimate similar sales for 1995.

value

By calculating A, B and C it is possible to estimate the value which experiments should find.

Most items sold for amounts within a few hundred dollars of the estimated value .

In this chapter, we shall examine the nature of these two concepts and estimate their value for teachers.

Jackson estimated the total potential value of these business opportunities at $ 200 million.

Is this a record and by what percentage would you estimate it increases the value of my dwelling?

The Independent Sector, which commissioned the poll, estimated the dollar value of their time $ 170 billion.

With private companies, Datastream has estimated the value of the shareholdings in line with prevailing stock market values.

The World Bank estimates that the value of this trade will be twenty times greater by 2005 than it was in 1994.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Analysts estimate the business earned about $135 million last year.

At that point, the public sector deficit was estimated to be around £45 billion.

Can you estimate how much fabric you will need for the curtains?

His personal fortune is estimated at £150 million.

Industry sources estimate the value of the ranch at $7 million.

Our staff will help you estimate how much fabric you will require.

Police estimate that over 10,000 people took part in the demonstration.

The committee did not estimate how much such a program would cost.

The mechanic estimated the cost of repairs at $350.

The police department estimates that the number of violent crimes will increase this year by about 15%.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Analysts estimate sales could reach $ 300 million a year once regulatory hurdles are cleared and full marketing gets under way.

As much as £750,000 extra in investment from Manchester and other northern councils was estimated to be available if the paper moved.

At moderate speeds, Wade estimated, the topped-off tanks gave him a two-hundred-mile cruising range.

He estimates that between 35- 41 percent of all useful land is affected by erosion.

Lambert said the state has estimated that 75, 000 Texas families are educating their children at home.

The real amount at risk is perhaps only 1 percent to 1. 5 percent of the notional figure, bankers estimate .

Ultimately biliary cirrhosis results and the median survival has been estimated to be 12 years.

Up to 60, 000 temporary jobs are expected to pump an estimated $ 2 billion in wages into the local economy.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.