Meaning of FAMILY in English

FAMILY

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a committee/staff/family etc member

Close friendships developed between crew members on the ship.

a family business (= owned and controlled by one family )

For many years the hotel was a family business.

a family celebration (= for family members )

Everyone’s coming here for a family celebration.

a family Christmas

We always have a family Christmas at home.

a family doctor (= who treats all the members of a family )

We’ve had the same family doctor for fifteen years.

a family dog (= that belongs to a family )

Labradors make a great family dog.

a family firm

The business grew from a small family firm into a large company.

a family friend

He’s visiting family friends.

a family grave (= one where members of a family are buried together )

Walter died in 1922 and was buried in the family grave in Finchley cemetery.

a family holiday

I first visited Orkney on a family holiday when I was a boy.

a family pet

These dogs make an ideal family pet.

a family planning clinic (= giving advice about how to prevent pregnancy )

There are family planning clinics all over the country.

a family quarrel

Your family quarrels are none of my concern.

a family resemblance (= between members of the same family )

I couldn't detect any family resemblance.

a family row

When he turned up late, there was a family row.

a family secret

Their normally strong relationship is threatened when he has to reveal a family secret.

a family show (= one that is suitable for families and children to watch )

It’s a real family show, with something for everyone.

a family tradition

According to family tradition, he must sing at his own wedding.

a family vacation

We had to cancel the family vacation.

a family/school etc outing

a class outing to the ballet

a student/family counsellor (= helping students or families with problems )

Student counsellors say there's a lot of pressure at college these days.

an immigrant family

A quarter of the school’s students are from immigrant families.

aristocratic family

an aristocratic family

blended family

extended family

family background

Many kids lack a stable family background.

family breakdown

A growing proportion of children are affected by family breakdown.

family circle

family conflict

There are various techniques you can use to try and avoid family conflict.

family credit

family doctor

family entertainment (= suitable for adults and children )

The holiday village has plenty of family entertainment on offer.

family fare

The movie is suitable family fare .

family honour

Refusal of a marriage offer is seen as an attack on the family honour.

family likeness

I can see the family likeness .

family loyalty

Family loyalty prevented her from telling what she knew.

family man

family name

family planning

a family planning clinic

family practice

family practitioner

family problems

She would never discuss family problems with outsiders.

family relationships

Travelling a lot for business can strain family relationships.

family reunion

a family reunion

family room

family time

As the children get older, evenings become valuable family time.

family tree

family values

The party places great emphasis on family values.

family/blood ties

Family ties have been weakened by older people living apart from their children.

family/household income

She works in a shop to supplement the family income.

family/parental expectations (= expectations that families or parents have for their children )

Parental expectations for a first child tend to be quite high.

first family

Holy Family, the

lone-parent family

a lone-parent family

loving wife/family/parents etc

the confidence he had gained from having a warm and loving family

noble family/blood/birth etc

a member of an ancient noble family

The Marquis would have to marry a woman of noble blood.

nuclear family

One Parent Families/Gingerbread

one-parent family

raise...family

It was time for Dean to settle down and raise a family .

school/family crest

the black sheep of the family

Amy’s always been the black sheep of the family .

the family circle

It’s important for children to have friends outside the family circle.

the family home (= where a family lives )

The house was once the family home of the O'Dare family.

the family/household budget

Often the husband and wife contribute equally to the family budget.

the home/domestic/family environment

A lot of children suffer because of problems in their home environment.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

black

They may explore with Joseph whether he can get in touch with the other black families .

Outsiders paid attention to slum conditions only when they burned and a black family died.

Fourth, the two researchers were white and so handicapped in their assessment of black families and children.

Some whites tried to help black families by aiding in guard duty.

Finally, certain vulnerable groups were most affected by these changes, notably black families living in inner city deprived areas.

In the mid 1960s, the average income for black families was only 54% of the average for white families.

Also, assailants fire-bombed the home of a black family in a white Philadelphia neighborhood.

immediate

Instead she joined her immediate family for a service at the private chapel on the Althorp estate.

Cancer claimed the lives of her parents and hit 14 of 17 people in her immediate family .

She was not going out at all and was communicating very little with her immediate family .

She was respectfully requested to keep the fact he is on special assignment to herself and her immediate family .

In some cultures eye contact between men and women is strictly forbidden outside the immediate family .

Fidela Kirstein died in 1991; the couple had no children, and Kirstein left no other immediate family .

This impetus originated mainly from two previously noted sources: the user's immediate family and the police.

Indeed, I mentioned, the immediate family is quite distressed because nobody knows the language.

large

She likes the atmosphere of a large family .

Parents of large families now get priority housing and school registration and subsidized child care services.

With high mortality rates even a large family size only just replaces the parents.

I focus, I wait for a large Oriental family to walk out of my range.

Why should those living alone or elderly couples be paying as high rates as large wage-earning families ?

It was a large Victorian family kitchen, and looked so when it was empty or when only Mrs Beavis was there.

And there was the answer - a large family of ants had made its home there!

It is a small commercial music festival which helps to support a large free family entertainment programme.

nuclear

The modern nuclear family is a vulnerable and fragile institution.

They are an extension of his nuclear family but also a discrete entity.

The individual with this ethic does not engage in any cooperative activity for goals beyond the immediate-interest of the nuclear family .

Second, the extended family counts for relatively less and the immediate nuclear family for relatively more.

For the first time in classical antiquity the nuclear family had assumed a central role in the politics of state.

Within this nuclear family , the hopes and affections of its members were concentrated and the emotional level could rise dangerously high.

The result of this dramatic change was the nuclear family .

First, individual households will not be restricted to nuclear families , i.e. parents and their children.

poor

What actually happened was that a less doctrinaire magistracy put local taxes up in order to provide bread for poor families .

Less than one-third of children under six who lived in poor families lived in families that relied exclusively on welfare.

They also wished to achieve some redistribution of income in favour of families , particularly poor families.

And they come from some of the poorest families in the county.

The rural areas contained 34 percent of poor families and 19 percent of extremely poor families.

In poor families , the ability to work and to earn income is usually the only asset people have.

Consequently, the poorest families will have even less money.

As is to be expected, approximately 75 percent of the children come from poor families .

royal

One of her main interests is our Royal family .

But the crown prince is 71 himself, and, having only half-brothers within the royal family , may have difficulty ruling.

And they devoted columns to discussing the possible effects of our exclusive pictures on the future of the royal family .

Teiresias, the prophet who had brought so many distressful prophecies to the royal family , came to bring still another.

Convicted murderers, especially brutal and disgusting ones, were followed around by as many paparazzi as the royal family .

But much of it also went into the unbridled and anachronistic opulence of the royal family and the main tribal chiefs.

One can only assume that the Roman officials exceeded their authority and treated the royal family with disrespect.

Walk backward, with your eyes on the royal family before you bow to them.

whole

There was an invitation for the whole family .

The whole Poyser family goes off to bed by twilight.

The price-conscious monarch could have bought presents for the whole family - and still had change from £50.

She knew that it would raise too much suspicion for the whole family to leave at once.

Later, on 18 September 1762, the whole family went to Vienna.

We're not a whole family yet.

The whole emphasis on family care has developed building on a somewhat distorted view of past patterns of family life.

Though the whole family sang, he prospered during the piano lessons he received as a birthday present at age 6.

young

But for some people, especially young healthy families , the cost would be higher.

Some years back, when he had a young family , Lewry joined his local National Trust centre.

The maker of hair-care and other personal-care products recently completed its first year under a younger generation of family managers.

Normally this financial support passes from older to younger generations in families in a one-way flow.

There are good swimming beaches each end of town with shallow sandy water, ideal for young families .

But for the time being, with a young family at home, he is very happy to have switched to contract catering.

Geoff is married, has a young family and has moved from his former home in West Yorkshire to Barmill.

■ NOUN

business

In the Budget, we announced that we would take most family businesses out of Inheritance Tax altogether.

He joined the family business after his graduation in 1988.

Since then it has become a complete family business .

He was upset that I was abandoning the family business , but we worked it out.

The Court accepted that the two companies should really be regarded as a single family business .

It was family business , and family business is left with the family.

doctor

The change affected clinics that primarily perform abortions as well as family doctors who may do the procedure along with unrelated services.

Your family doctor is always your first point of contact.

The Beans had never had a family doctor .

The family doctor was a name on a card rather than a face to be recognised in the street.

It means he may have murdered one patient for every month of his 24-year career as a family doctor .

The family doctor advised them to try a well-known rehabilitation unit, not realizing that it specialized in orthopaedic rather than neurological cases.

The crisis has been caused partly by the reluctance of self-employed family doctors to invest the considerable sums needed to computerise.

home

Designs range from two-bedroom holiday bungalows to six-bedroom family homes .

It is going to be a family home .

Graeme, above, was last night at the family home in Edinburgh.

No evidence of a family home should remain.

Firstly, a widowed grandmother may be remembered as moving into the family home .

They only expect 12 around the dinner table these days at the family home at Stanton Harcourt.

income

Under capitalism, housing costs 30 or 40 per-cent of family income .

We did not get family support or family income supplement or one-parent family income.

And Chapman University economists say median family income has risen well above $ 60, 000 a year.

The result is that family income has soared at the top and fallen at the bottom.

Two emotionally mature parents, moderate family income and stable home life are way ahead of age on the list.

It is also tough, hard working, loveable, helps earn the family income and we can't live without it.

Pessimism is especially high among baby boomers, with twice as many expecting family income to drop this year as last.

life

They will have a totally different interpretation of family life and of the so-called moral nature of the matter.

While this finding is hardly conclusive, the effect of family life on school success obviously must be considered.

Are there a destructive set of values associated with family life in late twentieth-century Britain?

And when it comes to balancing work and family life , research consistently confirms the importance of workplace culture on individual behavior.

It seemed a veritable model of bohemian family life .

It was here they experienced a taste of what normal family life could really be like.

He is a stocky child who has no memory of family life .

We have mixed expectations in Britain about the responsibilities of family life and parenting.

member

Above all, family members frequently blame themselves - and they may be encouraged to do so by the primary sufferers. iv.

These family members and friends need answers so they finally can say goodbye.

In this case different strains were found in the family members .

Individual feelings and complexities are repressed and there is a constant threat of mutiny among family members .

Current welfare policies are increasingly seeking to build upon responsibilities between family members .

Home-delivered medical services filled the gap between care by overworked family members and impossibly expensive care in hospitals.

The parenting that Mike and Jennifer designed works for all three family members .

Adult family members or professional assistants, accompanying the Laureate are welcome as Paying guests.

name

Skoda's press officer is one Milan Smutny, whose family name means sad.

Says Peter Mayock: The surname Mayock is a unique and uncommon family name .

J stands for Johnstone, the family name behind a company which keeps six members of the family gainfully employed.

He loved his sons, and Alvin Sharpes loved his family name .

A hint of humanity and he was a disgrace to the family name .

He had told Wyatt that family names were irrelevant to him, and, besides, he had always liked birthdays.

Professor Hoskins has written that the 161 households recorded in the 1670 Wigston hearth tax return represent eighty-two different family names .

There is even disagreement as to whether this family name should be Gaterinidae or Plectorhynchidae.

parent

Health and infant mortality 7 Children under five How many live with both parents or in a one parent family ?

Priority for assistance will be given to senior citizens, disabled and single parent families .

And to what extent is the church ministering effectively to the needs of single parent families ?

Consumer durables Lone parent families are less likely than two parent families to have household consumer durables.

In common with families in general, one parent families have been getting smaller.

Lone parents have much smaller proportions of household heads in the labour market than two parent families .

planning

You can discuss with your doctor or family planning clinic which is most suitable for you.

Anyone, married or single, male or female, young or not-so-young can go to a family planning clinic.

The family planning boom Today there are more women using modern contraception than ever before.

I did make an appointment at the local family planning clinic.

I know now that you can get Durex free from family planning clinics, but not many people know that.

But then how many fellas will go into a family planning clinic?

Provincial and local authorities were ordered to double family planning funding.

Some family planning clinics will also arrange for you to be given a blood test.

relationship

Certainly such support is not a routine feature of family relationships , even between parents and children.

She also looked to the basic relationships , usually 148 family relationships, that might provide strength to the patient.

Herskovitz created Thirtysomething and now knows exactly where the emotionally richest fault-lines of family relationships lie.

And I wondered how much strength she could have received from her family relationships .

They fear damaging the child within their secure family relationship .

Does equality have to mean sameness for spouses in order to have equal power and status in our most basic family relationships ?

A sense of loss of mutually supportive family relationships .

The first section focuses on changing counterproductive patterns of communication between parents and children, thus strengthening family relationships .

size

Dual graduate couples have the highest fertility of all, if family size up to four children only is considered.

The good news is that in many countries the definition of what constitutes ideal family size is already evolving downward.

The decline of infant mortality makes it easier to accept the idea of smaller family size .

Sam Ruang, who listens quietly, says decisions on matters like family size belong to Mariam.

Moreover, family size may be a function of capital or income.

Education also increases equality in the marriage relationship, giving women more control over decisions concerning family size .

A 200-gram tube of Colgate, the family size that is popular in cities, costs roughly that much.

tree

Sir Walter Scott once said he was honoured to be a mere twig on the Swinton family tree .

Perhaps you can give me some help on the family tree .

Tracing your family tree Where do you start?

There also are successful family trees that grow both vertically and horizontally.

By the 1870s Darwinians were using diagrams showing hypothetical family trees to account for relationships among species.

Her family tree included a former prime minister and the governor of Tokyo.

But after the revolution, many family trees were destroyed or forgotten, especially in the cities.

But all they could do was draw a family tree and suggest early and aggressive screenings.

unit

Housing mirrors the isolated and privatised nature of domestic labour and reinforces each self-contained family unit .

In the future the development of specialised products may well become more important on family units .

It is worth sounding a warning to those who are part of a tightly-knit family unit .

Substitute care was seen as supporting parents as well as providing for children's needs, and practical assistance as preserving the family unit .

The smaller family units can not cope with grandparents either in terms of money or space.

They were contributors to a family wage rather than independent earners, but they were not members of a family unit of production.

Construction and cultivation require cooperation within the family unit and within the community.

The farms were run as family units with an important role for the wife.

value

They must contribute towards constructing genuine communities, family values generating City values.

Indeed, many people here made their money under Republican leadership and cite family values and school choice as their chief concerns.

This is not because Las Vegas has suddenly discovered family values .

In the 1994 bi-election year, prayer in the schools, so-called family values , and similar issues came to the forefront.

If he for ever growled songs about factories, family values and running wild on a minimum wage they would be happy.

Philandering erodes love and family values , but it does not necessarily destroy them.

And after voicing Republican-tinged themes of smaller government and family values , he is sitting pretty in the polls.

The major distortion of family values front an economic perspective is on the revenue side of the ledger.

■ VERB

extend

Other changes concern transformations of family structure, usually so that extended families are more distant and so have less control.

The researchers concluded that the supportive atmosphere of the extended family had been sufficient to counterbalance the effects of the questionable diets.

Therapy will extend to families of victims who often suffer their own trauma because of the abuse.

Pretty and earthy, she can be aggressive or retreat believably, and has some nice scenes with her extended family .

Alstom is also extending the product family concept to infrastructure elements, introducing two ranges of signalling equipment.

Yet extending family is such a decisive factor in the success of working parents, they really can not afford their reluctance.

Overcrowding has weakened the cherished tradition of extended families living together.

help

Social workers try to help individuals and families by offering support, advice and practical assistance.

Perhaps you can give me some help on the family tree.

The states would get grant to help these working families buy coverage.

A debt counsellor who's been helping the family says the lender has shown no compassion.

More constructive measures were also introduced to help families with children financially and medically.

At one of the seven outdoor and museum stops, professional paleontologists will help families dig for fossils.

live

Instead we made them talk about where they lived and about their families .

Less than one-third of children under six who lived in poor families lived in families that relied exclusively on welfare.

Her parents were a stable influence and Beverley continued to live in the family home in the village of Corby Glenn.

In 1987, over one million children were living in families with an unemployed head.

Who are these breadwinners who, while employed, are none the less still living with their families in poverty?

More than a million and a half children - one in eight - live in these one-parent families .

Most live far from families and childhood friends.

raise

The heaviest burden falls upon the housewives, whose task it is to raise their families in these circumstances.

They had married right after high school, and raised a large family on a meager budget.

Members who are temporarily retired to raise families are also entitled to this concession.

At times, he was saddened by never having married and raised a family of his own.

Perhaps Reuben and Miriam were secretly not happy with the prospect of raising a family in Cork.

Dole, raised in a Democratic family , registered as a Republican because the party dominated local politics.

Many left to marry and raise families .

You can walk down the street, raise your family , earn a living.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

immediate family

Cancer claimed the lives of her parents and hit 14 of 17 people in her immediate family.

Her husband and her immediate family live in Moscow.

Instead she joined her immediate family for a service at the private chapel on the Althorp estate.

My own camp was wedged between the two branches of my immediate family.

Oh, and I should probably start with your immediate family.

She was not going out at all and was communicating very little with her immediate family.

She was respectfully requested to keep the fact he is on special assignment to herself and her immediate family.

The brotherhood of man did not end with the immediate family of siblings at which it began.

labouring class/family etc

Although in other poems Leapor shows that labouring class women can be desperately unhappy in marriage, she is not unequivocal.

Day schooling was received by only a minority of children from the labouring classes, in some parishes a very tiny one.

Even 2 out of every 3 farm labouring families stayed put and overall 3 out of every 4 households remained virtually the same.

For the most part, however, the labouring classes did not move very far.

His poetry often depicts labouring class life vividly.

Relatively little attention has been paid to the origins of labouring class poetry.

Stephen Duck, however, is not the first instance of a labouring class poet in the eighteenth century.

The claims made for these poems, however, reveal some of the difficulties in a discussion of labouring class poetry.

landed gentry/family/nobility

But it certainly suited the dominant landed gentry to interpret him in that way.

For the landed nobility, the impact of Emancipation was deeply disturbing.

It was built originally by one of the old wool merchants, who wanted to establish his family as landed gentry.

Redmond is Harry Trench, a new doctor and youngest son of landed gentry with a small investment income.

The landed gentry planted for their grandchildren avenues of hardwood that they themselves would never see.

The landed nobility provided tsarism with a perilously narrow social base.

The King appointed them to high offices of state, which the aristocracy and landed gentry considered to be their prerogative.

The main burden borne by the peasantry remained that of the State and the landed nobility.

play happy families

problem child/family/drinker etc

A basic issue between Paul and the Corinthian problem children was over a proper understanding of the self.

Another reason to consider a moderation-goal option is that a broader range of problem drinkers can be attracted and treated.

BAccording to a federal survey, men are much more likely to be problem drinkers than women.

Data collection is mainly by questionnaire and structured interviews with families, youth groups and problem drinkers.

It does reflect the position of the Corinthian problem children, however.

Services for problem drinkers are very fragmented at present.

They were talking about a problem child.

This problem drinker population has been largely ignored or at least underserved.

run in the family

Asthma seems to run in our family.

Good looks must run in the family.

Twins run in the family, so it didn't surprise us when we heard the news.

And yet great passions, or the tendency to them, seemed to run in the family.

Best not to say anything about it running in the family.

It's more of a case of maintaining form while others struggle, and it often runs in the family.

Jimmy Souness, who was a school cleaner, had a history of heart disease which runs in the family.

The truth was that deafness ran in the family.

Writing books about grandparents seems to run in the family.

start a family

But then couples began to wait longer before starting families and also began to worry more about money.

Effects on family life probably include contrary tendencies - accelerating or delaying decisions to start families, for example.

Hirsh was a hospital pharmacist who needed to hold down two jobs to save money to start a family.

Many of these women may still start families in their late 20s or 30s.

Nadia Comaneci and her husband, Bart Conner, want to start a family.

They may have started , or are about to start a family.

This is unlikely to deter parents wishing to start a family at a more mature age than usual.

Though women friends my age were talking about marriage and starting a family, I remained unsure.

the bosom of the family/the Church etc

the first family

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

A lot of the families living in this area are very poor.

Do you know the family next door?

Having an intact nuclear family does not guarantee that a child will turn out well.

He comes from a family of eight children.

Her family came to America from Scotland in about 1750.

I grew up in a large family in the South.

My extended family usually gets together at holidays.

Only her immediate family knew she had heart disease.

Our family has lived around here for hundreds of years.

Pearl is the last surviving member of her family .

Single-parent families are much more common these days.

Spanish and Italian are part of the Romance language family .

The cost of sending kids to college - even for a small family - is extremely high.

The resort isn't really the place for people with young families.

tigers and other members of the cat family

Various members of the Kennedy family were at the funeral.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

And last but not least, the baby of the family .

It is their village now, just as much as it was for the old village families.

Predictably they will tell the adviser that they can not rehouse all those families and perhaps the tenant can contact the police.

Secondly, in family abuse, the history of the relationships may be of great significance in current abuse.

The following computations are based on both general assumptions about all families and specific assumptions about families at specific income levels.

Until recently, all she and her family could do was wait and see.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.