Meaning of FARM in English

FARM

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a factory/farm/office worker

Factory workers threatened strikes.

a farm/factory/school etc gate

I carefully shut the farm gate behind me.

Lots of parents were waiting outside the school gate.

a farming community

a small farming community of about 1,000 inhabitants

a farming method

Farming methods have changed a lot over the last 100 years.

agricultural/farm produce

The government bought surplus agricultural produce from farmers.

collective farm

dairy farm

factory farming

farmed fish (= fish that are from a fish farm )

We also know that farmed fish don’t have as much omega 3 as wild salmon.

fat farm

fish farm

funny farm

fur farming (= keeping and killing animals for their fur )

a ban on fur farming

health farm

irrigated land/farms/crops

mixed farming

organic farmers/farms

Organic farmers build up soil fertility by crop rotation.

Synthetic fertilisers are banned on organic farms.

organic farming (= farming without using artificial chemicals )

the environmental benefits of organic farming

server farm

truck farm

walking/riding/farming etc country

To the east is an area of rich farming country.

wild/domestic/farm animals

cattle, sheep, and other domestic animals

wind farm

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

collective

Soloukhin told me of watching a collective-farm worker in a church turned granary.

In October 1956 collectivization began, with the establishment of collective farms .

Farmers given right to leave collective farms with allotment of land and equipment.

Milda was no longer allowed to live in Riga but had been ordered to do hard physical work on a collective farm .

Agriculture is crippled, too, by the miserable conditions on the collective farms .

He doesn't mean as drones on some collective farm .

People's banks are being set up as cooperatives, and collective farms are replacing small landholdings.

Here and there the landscape was broken by dreary gray buildings that had been thrown up to house members of collective farms .

large

Now, industrialised countries are almost self-sufficient in basic foodstuffs due to the use of fertilisers, mechanisation and larger farm units.

In the countryside, large working farms interrupted a landscape of mountains, meadow, marshland, and abandoned quarries.

Jess is a quiet, intense kid from a large , close-knit farm family in Washington.

From here descend into Liddesdale, aiming towards a group of large green farm sheds across the valley.

When I was nine he started a large poultry farm west of Delray Beach, Florida.

In Ayrshire, with some world-famous herds, the larger farms would receive less than 5 percent. of the compensation.

Irrigation projects provide water for large commercial farms , not smallholders.

local

From boyhood he worked on local farms and became an itinerant Methodist preacher.

Cook and then move on across the Canterbury Plains for an overnight on a local farm .

They therefore attracted labour without any hindrance, providing jerry-built, damp and insanitary hovels for letting to local farm workers.

Most people I knew took their first few feet of sliding down a local farm field with a rope tow.

In addition to their milling activities, the Ayliffes also operated cider-making equipment, their portable unit moving annually around local farms .

Uncle would visit the local farms , trying to find work for them.

In May he prepared his own aircraft for flight from the local farm .

She used to visit local farms , struck up a friendship with my Aunt Hannah and was introduced to Father.

old

I came to the site of an old farm that had been overgrown and then clearcut five years ago.

Champany Inn Old converted farm steading, furnished in antique Victoriana.

We are starting with an old farm , while nature may have started with a glacial moraine ten thousand years ago.

The road ended just there, in a long concrete hardstand where a cart and some rusting old farm machinery were parked.

It was one of the oldest hop farms in the Derwent Valley, and this minor valley took its name from it.

To the old farm for lunch, but what about the seals?

After all, the 27-year-\#old farm worker fully intended to return to work when his 30-minute lunch break was over.

organic

The prime culprit is organic farm waste, such as cattle slurry and silage, and even milk.

For a crash course on the subject, consider subscribing to an organic farm with a delivery service in your area.

Next week a new residential block opens at its organic farm , Kilcranny House, just outside Coleraine.

They say I must come and see them on their new organic farm - more land, less house, says Johnson.

A well-run organic farm could hold many times that number.

This was made up of the organic residues of farms , forestry, industry and domestic refuse.

Mr Wilson says organic farms reverse many modern agricultural trends.

By exterminating farm animals, the option of small organic farms is eroded.

small

Mr MacSharry's answer is: merely for being farmers on small farms .

Stephen moved out of the city to a small farm owned by a Mrs Dodge.

Easily Accessible: Downhayes is set in an area of small working farms with few public footpaths in the immediate area.

Acquire the use of a small farm along the route with sufficient line-of-sight access to the radiated energy. 3.

Land fragmentation, as a result of inheritance laws and social custom, compounds the widespread problem of small farm size.

The residents grew their own rice, set up a small poultry farm , wove baskets and cultivated the orchard.

These quintas are large houses in their own spacious grounds which often include a small farm .

Had those surpluses been directed elsewhere in the valley, they could have created a great many small irrigated farms .

■ NOUN

animal

Under increasing public pressure, farmers are taking a greater interest in free-range systems which give a fairer deal to farm animals .

The farm animals begin to stir, the roosters consider crowing.

The next shelf we stopped on was filled with farm animals .

Look out for our forthcoming profile of Sir Richard Body, and articles on farm animal welfare.

Though London Zoo remains open, its children's section-where youngsters can touch farm animals-has been shut.

So far, there had been as much romance as when the farm animals mated.

Smith has been carting farm animals around Britain for 30 years.

bill

He did sign a farm bill passed by Congress.

The action occurred as the Senate voted 64-32 for a seven-year farm bill which would replace fixed-level crop subsidies with declining payments.

The House has not yet considered the farm bill where a bipartisan group of lawmakers led by Rep.

Hurt himself with Iowa farmers by missing a key vote on the federal farm bill .

The vote came on an amendment to a sweeping farm bill aimed at weaning farmers from federal subsidies.

He has a farm bill amendment ready that would phase out the peanut program over six years.

However, he said crunch time has come to get a farm bill enacted into law.

Supporters argue that the peanut program has been reformed under the Senate farm bill and the proposed House legislation.

building

For economy in building costs, these three types of farm buildings were sometimes combined into a single building.

The farm buildings so often found below the galleries are situated further away in this case.

At last, at about 0345 hours, the farm buildings become defined against the woods and fields beyond.

Of the other farm buildings on our site, apart from a small bath-house, only barns and rural out-buildings were found.

A well and cheese press are below in the yard with the farm buildings situated below and behind the gallery.

He provided a comprehensive network of farm buildings connected, it is said, by a telegraph system.

There is certainly nothing new in converting farm buildings .

dairy

The most extensive tracts are taken up by five dairy farms .

They live together on a lushly beautiful dairy farm .

In 1915 the farm was taken over by Fauchons who ran it as a dairy farm.

He turned the beef holding into a dairy farm and soon began expanding by leasing other dairy farms all over Ireland.

With Marjorie, she rented a tiny cottage at the edge of a dairy farm in Dorset, Vermont.

He turned the beef holding into a dairy farm and soon began expanding by leasing other dairy farms all over Ireland.

Livestock sales are down 1%, while turnover on dairy farms could fall by up to 10%.

family

Speyside was an area where the lack of adequate housing had provided particular problems in keeping family farms going.

Instead of a family farm raising potatoes and grain, they also own the horse-breeding farm of their dreams.

Therefore family farms also cross-subsidise the profits from copper mining.

Earlier, he had highlighted Clinton-administration backed research programs at a stop at a nearby family farm .

This was achieved partly through capitalist agriculture driving out family farms .

The agricultural economy, based on family farms and home workshops, shifted to an industrial one.

Reformed systems of direct support, aimed in particular at helping family farms and crofts.

As a child, he watched a river sweep away the wheat planted on the family farm in Indiana.

gate

Those with milking herds had a ready market for farm gate sales of butter and cheese.

The tractor ruts led straight on to a farm gate .

And here, barring the road, was the familiar old farm gate still in place.

health

The following week was Guildford and I decided to stay at Grayshott Hall, the health farm .

At the foot of the Quantock Hills in rural Somerset is one of the most luxurious health farms in the country.

Thereby completely missing the point of being at a health farm .

By this stage we were beginning to realise the formula is two days in Paris, six days in a health farm .

If you need a break there's nothing better than being pampered at a health farm .

Rebuild the Roman villa and use it for a hydro and health farm .

hill

Other hill farms are owned and worked as a unit linked with a lowland farm.

I believed I had been locked up all my life, up there on that hill farm in North Chittendon.

Opposite a riding stable follow a track leading past Windy Hill farm and to the beach.

Asa bought the hill farm in 1856 from Orin Perkins, married Elmira Wilkins, and settled there.

As a result some of the hill farms are being joined together - amalgamated - and farm labourers are becoming unemployed.

land

Dartmoor and Exmoor, with their wild moorland, some farm land and villages, are National Parks.

The loch covers an area of 550 acres, surrounded north, west and south by farm lands and fresh-water marshes.

Farmwatch will also deal with the threat of travellers invading farm land and prevent scenes like those at Castlemoreton.

Another consequence of population growth is a demand for new farm land .

Lead head Please identify this object I found recently on ploughed farm land .

High percentage of farm land or all land in permanent pasture made up of rough grazing.

What has happened to the farm land ?

Why may farmers wish to sell the remaining farm land ?

machinery

He's launched a scheme which gives these farmers access to modern farm machinery and he teaches them how to use it.

Until the combine appeared, the self-binder had been the mechanical marvel of the farm machinery industry for forty years.

A fire service spokeswoman said the outhouses contained mostly farm machinery .

They were brothers; they were transporting farm machinery from Los Angeles to Minnesota and making good money at it.

These included providing extra farm machinery and manpower, including 20,000 troops.

They were one of the first, and certainly one of the most successful, manufacturers of steam-powered farm machinery .

The road ended just there, in a long concrete hardstand where a cart and some rusting old farm machinery were parked.

Dead sheep and lambs were found in farm machinery .

manager

The project high-lighted the key role of the expert advisors which are used by farm managers in undertaking their roles.

I just pay his farm manager our rent.

You work so hard as my farm manager that I want you to have a larger share of the profits.

Nicky Brown, the farm manager , was born to the land.

She no longer took such an interest in the farm , and very sensibly appointed Gabriel Oak her farm manager .

His body was still warm when it was discovered by police after his farm manager had reported him missing.

These large abscesses were pointed out by the farm manager to Mrs Brough, who photographed them.

subsidy

We hear about farm subsidies and the social wage.

Federal farm subsidies are riddled with hypocrisies.

Republicans would put a first-ever annual limit on farm subsidies .

Moreover, farm subsidies undermine the efforts of developing countries to follow Washington's economic prescriptions.

The price rises wiped out the need for farm subsidies .

wind

The Countryside Commission has called for planning guidelines on wind farms to be issued to local authorities.

The government has responded by planning offshore wind farms on the Ijsselmeer.

At the moment, only inshore wind farms have been erected but there is great potential in offshore wind.

Offshore wind farms would be more expensive to establish but far less of an eyesore.

work

Any farm outbuildings or their contents or any liability for domestic employees engaged for farm work are excluded.

He also said that these days camels are only really sold for farm work carts and ploughs.

Shift work could clash with farm work especially with attendance at sales.

I threw myself into farm work , as absorbed by this job as I had once been by literature and teaching.

The pattern of farm work done by those with a full-time off-farm job was mainly evening and weekend work.

In two cases where father and son were both working shifts they had arranged alternate shifts thus allowing uninterrupted farm work.

Lessons took up only two hours a day and the farm work was badly organised.

This was not ideal because of fatigue and farm work that had to be carried out at those times.

worker

Secondly, it is often argued that farm workers are compensated for their low wages by a cornucopia of payments in kind.

The daughter of an itinerant farm worker , Ward now rubs shoulders with the rich, famous and glamorous.

There is little reason to suppose that the consequences of these changes will in themselves lead farm workers to become more militant.

He says the country is not facing a shortage of farm workers , according to his spokesman Allen Kay.

It was being driven towards Weatherbury by two farm workers , who had not noticed Gabriel.

These boundaries draw in children of immigrant farm workers and, at the other extreme, children of high-tech millionaires.

It took place on the Monday after Twelfth Day when the farm workers returned to work after the Christmas holiday.

Instead the newcomers tend to evaluate the farm worker and the other villagers on the basis of urban criteria for allocating prestige.

■ VERB

run

He'd been working too hard in college, and even harder since he'd been running the farm .

Great-Grandfather was running a farm at the same time, so he must have been a very busy man.

A third brother, Ben, runs the farm shop.

He delivered the letters and ran a little bit of a farm he owned, whilst his wife looked after the Post Office.

For three years he would supply funds to run the farm , any profits being split equally between Tom and himself.

Her husband, Michael became so bogged down with the worry of running their farm , he killed himself.

Plus she ran the farm which she had no idea about.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

bet the farm/ranch

intensive farming/agriculture

About 90 percent of wildflower-rich meadows have disappeared since the Second World War due to intensive agriculture and drainage.

Also of concern is not only the cost but the amount of fossil energy subsidy required for intensive agriculture.

Our increase in intensive farming has brought with it an increase in outbreaks of food poisoning.

The corncrake and marsh fritillary have been the victims of intensive agriculture as ploughing and pesticides destroy habitat and insects.

The increasing adoption of less intensive agriculture should further encourage a hare recovery.

They said they didn't have strong views on intensive farming.

They were replaced by cities dependent on intensive farming to feed them and on great armies to defend them.

We now realise the importance of hedgerows, of small fields, of clean rivers and of less intensive agriculture.

model prison/farm/school etc

A model farm was built for the herd in 1850 but after 1870 the herd's size was never more than 100.

Before applying the impact of support charges, his model farm produced a farm gross margin of £101,000 under farm income-optimising calculations.

The Economic Societies encouraged local industries, set up model farms, and sponsored new crops.

The jail is less than a year old and has been hailed as a model prison.

There he built a model farm specialising in truffles - the regional speciality - potatoes and nuts.

Wave of unrest hits model prison.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a farm in southern Alberta

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

After a while Bathsheba said goodnight to her farm workers, and closed the sitting-room door and windows.

Any herbs that are added are also organically produced on the farm .

Get an insight into life on the farm past and present.

In other words, it is compensation for assets financed from the farm overheads.

Instead of killing these families, they decided to construct an ant farm for them.

It was the equivalent of the labor of migrant farm laborers.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

acre

His grandfather farmed 250 acres across the border in County Monaghan.

He farms half an acre of a friend's land in Mid-Glamorgan.

land

Nicky Brown, the farm manager, was born to the land .

The healthy cotton is grown on family plots, the neglected crop on land farmed by co-operatives.

The cossacks were given allotments of land and farmed there as the wooden fortifications gradually rotted away.

The land is already farmed organically.

Their land is farmed very intensively.

Apart from the small plots given to each member family for their house and garden, all the land is farmed collectively.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

country/farming etc folk

Its country folk are very much at one with the land.

Louisa's parents were country folk and believed very much in herbal remedies.

Sadly, country folk have caught on.

The big occasion for country folk was the A&P Show.

The customers were mostly farming folk , a hardworking and hard-drinking set of locals who, in general, were convivial and congenial.

The difference is essentially one of the spirit and it manifests itself in the habits and attitudes of country folk .

Umbria is a wonderful region where life is simple and the people are unpretentious country folk .

intensive farming/agriculture

About 90 percent of wildflower-rich meadows have disappeared since the Second World War due to intensive agriculture and drainage.

Also of concern is not only the cost but the amount of fossil energy subsidy required for intensive agriculture.

Our increase in intensive farming has brought with it an increase in outbreaks of food poisoning.

The corncrake and marsh fritillary have been the victims of intensive agriculture as ploughing and pesticides destroy habitat and insects.

The increasing adoption of less intensive agriculture should further encourage a hare recovery.

They said they didn't have strong views on intensive farming.

They were replaced by cities dependent on intensive farming to feed them and on great armies to defend them.

We now realise the importance of hedgerows, of small fields, of clean rivers and of less intensive agriculture.

model prison/farm/school etc

A model farm was built for the herd in 1850 but after 1870 the herd's size was never more than 100.

Before applying the impact of support charges, his model farm produced a farm gross margin of £101,000 under farm income-optimising calculations.

The Economic Societies encouraged local industries, set up model farms, and sponsored new crops.

The jail is less than a year old and has been hailed as a model prison.

There he built a model farm specialising in truffles - the regional speciality - potatoes and nuts.

Wave of unrest hits model prison.

subsistence farming/agriculture etc

In the early l960s Bengali agriculture consisted mainly of subsistence farming.

It report points out that, in many developing countries, women are primarily responsible for subsistence farming.

It was there in 1903 that quarrymen went on strike for three and a half years, surviving on subsistence farming.

Preferential interest rates also favor commercial over subsistence farming in many countries.

She will most probably be involved in agriculture, in subsistence farming of crops like rice.

The graphite boom temporarily reduced the social and economic importance of subsistence agriculture in the Low Country.

This vast, dispersed rural workforce would need, and would receive, only the education needed for manual subsistence farming.

Wine formed the most important cash crop, while cereal production generally took the form of subsistence farming.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

My family has farmed here since 1901.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Foreshadowing yet another Communist practice, he formed colonies of soldiers to farm virgin areas.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.