Meaning of HYPOTHESIS in English

HYPOTHESIS

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

put forward a theory/hypothesis

Many theories have been put forward as to the building’s original purpose.

refute a hypothesis/a claim/an idea etc

an attempt to refute Darwin’s theories

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

alternative

An alternative hypothesis , which has considerable intuitive plausibility, needs to be refuted before this assumption can be justified.

Thus no evidence to support this alternative hypothesis is available.

natural

Friedman's statement of the natural rate hypothesis went a long way towards reconciling such evidence with basic classical theory.

In later versions of the natural rate hypothesis , Friedman was tacitly to abandon this view altogether.

null

This gives variables of exactly known distribution, so that we can calculate the significance of any given peak under the null hypothesis .

The researcher may actually expect that the null hypothesis is faulty and should be rejected in favor of the alternative H1.

The null hypothesis that can then be tested by using the F distribution as explained in chapter 3.

The use of the null hypothesis does have one very practical use.

When this indicated a probability of less than 0.05 for the null hypothesis Student-Newman-Keuls analyses were performed to determine which values differed significantly.

Departures from the null hypothesis were assessed at the 5% significance level.

For the short observations, the null hypothesis is that only Poisson noise is present.

The null hypothesis of no heterogeneity can not be rejected in any of the variants of the model.

rational

We first consider tests of the rational expectations hypothesis in those relatively few cases when the expected variable is directly measured.

It was this criticism of the adaptive expectations hypothesis that led to the development of the rational expectations hypothesis.

Possession of such direct observations on expectations would allow us to test the validity of the rational expectations hypothesis in two ways.

This aggregate supply curve is of fundamental importance to the macroeconomic policy conclusions often drawn from the rational expectations hypothesis .

Therefore the rational expectations hypothesis suggests a valid method of incorporating additional information when estimating macroeconomic models which contain expectation terms.

Direct observations on what people are expecting allow a second and stronger test of the rational expectations hypothesis .

Studies using those that do exist provide little support for the rational expectations hypothesis .

theistic

Like Laplace in his famous reply to Napoleon, Humean atheists have no need for the theistic hypothesis .

The third, theistic , hypothesis of creation is by far the best explanation for the existence of the universe.

Far from this being the case, it is exactly what might be expected if the theistic hypothesis is true.

It points us to the theistic hypothesis rather than to the necessity hypothesis.

The theistic hypothesis postulates one necessarily actual reality, the mind that conceives all possibilities.

Some interpretations, at least, of the hypothesis of natural selection do conflict with the theistic hypothesis on three main counts.

The ultimate evolutionary victory, on the theistic hypothesis , does not go to the most ruthless exterminators and most fecund replicators.

working

The counsellor constructs a working hypothesis which attempts to see meaning and connections in the counsellee's social performance.

The working hypothesis is tested and refined through the process of discussion and questioning.

But on the whole, a gradually rising population throughout the ninth century seems an acceptable working hypothesis .

Recognizing the internalized self-image of the counsellee is an important perceptual skill in arriving at a working hypothesis .

A recurrent working hypothesis of gene-culture coevolutionary theory is that the epigenetic rules are shaped by natural selection over many generations.

The evidence, particularly of Willis, would support this working hypothesis .

■ NOUN

continuum

Romaine, Le Page and Tabouret-Keller and others have raised serious theoretical objections to the continuum hypothesis itself, as described above.

rate

Friedman's statement of the natural rate hypothesis went a long way towards reconciling such evidence with basic classical theory.

In later versions of the natural rate hypothesis , Friedman was tacitly to abandon this view altogether.

■ VERB

confirm

This project will help us to confirm or reject this hypothesis .

The magnetic hypothesis of homing is not yet confirmed .

The olfactory hypothesis has not been confirmed either.

An experiment of Charles Brown has confirmed Marler's hypothesis .

This study can not provide data to confirm or refute this hypothesis , however.

She first confirmed Watson's hypothesis that in the tobacco mosaic virus small protein sub-units were arranged in a helical fashion.

Do our results confirm this hypothesis ?

explain

Such results may be explained by the hypothesis that serotonin is more responsible for regulating mood than for controlling alcohol cravings.

This bizarre behavior is explained by the efficient-market hypothesis , which we will discuss at the end of this chapter.

prove

The scientist should try to prove the hypothesis wrong.

reject

This project will help us to confirm or reject this hypothesis .

As previously suggested, a researcher is usually interested in setting up a hypothesis which he really would like to reject .

Decisions to retain or reject an hypothesis are fairly straightforwardly determined by the results of experimental tests.

Baillie etal. reject the speculative efficiency hypothesis in all cases.

The application of these tests may increase the probability of rejecting the null hypothesis when it is in fact true.

suggest

Animal research has been much more consistent in suggesting this hypothesis than human research has.

support

Subsequent studies have supported the hypothesis that population mixing can influence the incidence of childhood leukaemia.

These results support the hypothesis that individuals are willing to pay more in order to live in communities that provide high-quality services.

This supports the hypothesis that adaptation is due to visual change.

Some epidemiological studies support the Fathalla hypothesis .

This tends to support the hypothesis that although customers will complain about price increases it does not necessarily alter their visiting behaviour.

As a result, this supports the hypothesis that men are more specialised in the left-brain than women.

Seventeen pages of notes support his hypothesis .

The finding that their number is neither affected by ranitidine nor by cisapride treatment does not support this hypothesis .

test

The project will test this hypothesis using data collected from teachers and from pupils.

In Hawaii, many efforts were made to test the vaccination hypothesis .

Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that postoperative pain decreases subcutaneous oxygen partial pressure.

Thereafter he would be testing his hypothesis .

However, to fully test this hypothesis , it was necessary to investigate more than one domain.

A serious problem arises in attempting to test this hypothesis empirically: how can trade union militancy be measured?

If the cases of so called paradoxical pain were opioid sensitive why not test that hypothesis directly?

Julia set out to test this hypothesis .

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Our hypothesis is that the dolphins ate contaminated fish, and this affected the dolphins' immune system.

The results of our experiment confirmed this hypothesis .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Possession of such direct observations on expectations would allow us to test the validity of the rational expectations hypothesis in two ways.

That, the authors conclude, casts doubt on the refuge hypothesis .

The evidence, particularly of Willis, would support this working hypothesis .

This hypothesis generates an infinite set of indifference curves which are convex to the L axis.

What this means is that there is no way that any hypothesis drawn from Marxist theory can be disproved by empirical investigation.

What we are attempting is a hypothesis in which I answer for him, while you ask me questions.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.