Meaning of PROTEIN in English

PROTEIN

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

fat/protein/alcohol etc content

the fat content of cheese

water with a low salt content

protein/carbohydrate/alcohol etc metabolism

The vast majority of alcohol metabolism occurs in the liver.

textured vegetable protein

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

binding

Minimally, the binding of protein to this element should alter the chromatin structure of the promoter.

One of these binding proteins , IGFBP-1, is of particular interest because of its known relationship to metabolism.

Hepatocytes also express non-integrin, matrix binding proteins .

The octamer site binds both the constitutively expressed transcription factor Oct-1 and a novel cervical octamer binding protein .

different

But they probably result from the nature of the dimerization interfaces, which are very different for each protein .

A problem with this technique lies with the variance seen in the number of tyrosine residues in the different proteins .

This depends on a huge number of different receptor proteins , each tuned to a different sort of chemical stimulus.

This burgeoning family now contains over 20 different proteins , principally identified through sequence homology.

In the first experiment, dietary nitrogen was given in casein at four different protein values ranging from 5 to 16%.

Sometimes, different protein molecules will fit together, like the pieces of a three-dimensional jigsaw, to form larger-scale structures.

high

Sefa-Dedeh is now developing a simple process to prepare a high protein food from cereals and legumes.

The plant protein isolates are highest in protein content.

Made by time-honoured methods, Edam is high in protein , vitamins and minerals.

And mounting evidence shows diets high in animal protein trigger calcium loss from bones, increasing osteoporosis risks.

Nuts are high in protein and essential fats, and add taste and texture to all sorts of dishes.

Although they are an inexpensive source of the highest quality protein , they are high in cholesterol.

Tasty eating made from only natural ingredients, low in calories and high in protein .

When men crave, they usually want foods which combine high protein with high fat, such as steak and chips.

human

No significant homology could be detected between the human and marsupial proteins outside this motif.

Comparison of deduced amino acid sequences of the mouse and human TEF-1 proteins .

The predicted human protein contains only one amino acid change at position 101, from Asn in rat to Ser in human.

The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of the human ribosomal protein L12 cDNA.

nuclear

Oligonucleotides were radioactively labelled, complexed with F9 nuclear proteins and separated by agarose gel electrophoresis.

Labelled oligonucleotides were incubated with F9 nuclear proteins in the presence or absence of cold competitors.

Radiation induces nuclear regulating proteins , these are able to regulate cytokines, which may themselves have secondary effects on eicosanoids.

other

In addition, protein structure, post-translational modification, or interaction with other proteins may affect site recognition.

Be prepared for some children to be vegetarian, so make sure there are other forms of protein than meat.

This idea is supported by the potential similarity of two other DNA-binding proteins that regulate transcription during the yeast cell cycle.

This is similar to the commonly observed phosphate-binding sites at helix termini in other proteins and, in particular, other repressor-operator complexes.

Prices also rose relatively less than those of other proteins , such as fish, cheese and eggs.

It was like no other protein that anyone had described before, and so there was no clue to its function.

total

The concentrations of total lipid and protein in gall bladder bile were not significantly different between the two groups.

Due to the presence of this monoclonal protein , the serum total protein will be elevated.

The total protein concentration did not differ between the two groups as shown by Yamazaki etal.

The nucleation time did not correlate with either total lipid concentration or total protein concentration.

The total protein content of the tube was evaluated by the Bradford protein method.

Furthermore, a high biliary concentration of total protein is reported to reduce bile metastability.

viral

Addition of this phosphate group impairs the function of the essential protein , and viral protein synthesis fails to begin.

One of the three drugs they received was ritonavir, an inhibitor of the enzyme protease, which processes key viral proteins .

But exactly how viral protein synthesis is selectively inhibited, leaving cellular protein synthesis relatively unaffected, is still not clear.

During these final stages host enzymes attach carbohydrate groups to certain viral proteins , converting them into glycoproteins.

whole

These studies of whole body protein metabolism, however, simply reflect an average of events occurring in all individual tissues.

Peptides, less antigenic substrates than whole protein , are effective in inducing remission in Crohn's disease.

Powell-Tuck etal measured whole body protein metabolism in 19 patients with ulcerative colitis, while they were receiving enteral or intravenous nutrition.

The contribution, therefore, of the pathological colon to this increased whole body protein synthesis and breakdown was unknown.

Moreover, there are no data in healthy man regarding the contribution that the colonic mucosa makes to whole body protein synthesis.

Previous investigations of protein metabolism in these clinical disorders have centred on measurements of whole body protein turnover.

■ NOUN

animal

Licensed hawkers were circulating, braying the merits of spiced sausages containing only real animal protein - so they claimed.

A recently proposed federal ban on feeding animal protein to animals is encouraging, writes Rhodes, but has too many loopholes.

It can only obtain it by eating animal proteins .

And mounting evidence shows diets high in animal protein trigger calcium loss from bones, increasing osteoporosis risks.

This is just as beneficial as having animal protein .

We have always assumed that animal protein was the necessary kind for human health.

But one animal protein feed has been produced from bacterial synthesis using ammonia, methanol from North Sea gas and minerals.

The tendency in the past has been to restrict or cut down on plant proteins and increase animal protein in the diet.

concentration

Biliary protein concentration was similar between the two groups.

The binding is reversible so that factors that decrease the protein concentration will increase the ionized fraction of calcium in the blood.

Cholesterol nucleation time, biliary lipid concentration , vesicular cholesterol distribution, and biliary protein concentration were measured and compared.

The total protein concentration did not differ between the two groups as shown by Yamazaki etal.

The nucleation time did not correlate with either total lipid concentration or total protein concentration.

All lysosomal enzyme assays were linear with respect to time and protein concentration .

Tissue protein concentrations were determined by the method of Lowry etal.

The oedematous patients had similar lung function, smoking histories, and plasma protein concentrations to the patients without oedema.

content

The total protein content of the tube was evaluated by the Bradford protein method.

The plant protein isolates are highest in protein content .

fusion

Schematic representations of the fusion proteins and reporter gene that were used.

The reciprocal combinations used provide an internal functional control for expression of the fusion proteins .

These fusion proteins could be used similarly to screen expression libraries.

Production and maintenance of Rat-1 fibroblasts stably expressing the c-Myc-ER fusion protein and the defective c-Myc mutant protein 106-143c-Myc-ER have been described.

kinase

Association of a purine-analogue-sensitive protein kinase activity with p75 nerve growth factor receptors.

Some forms of protein kinase C require Ca 2 + for activation.

The site, or sites, at which protein kinase C exerts these inhibitory effects is unresolved.

level

Equally conflicting results with regard to glycaemic control and platelet-specific protein levels have been reported in longitudinal studies.

It is also apparent that multiple tenascin isoforms are detectable at the mRNA and protein level .

In addition, the Ea transgene concentration at either message or cytoplasmic protein level , is apparently not toxic to the cell.

These results lend support to the idea that tenascin alternative splice forms may also have functional significance at the protein level .

It benefits your eyes by supplying more oxygen than normal lenses and also minimises protein levels , which prevents build up.

metabolism

These studies of whole body protein metabolism , however, simply reflect an average of events occurring in all individual tissues.

It also plays an important role in lipid, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism of adults.

Powell-Tuck etal measured whole body protein metabolism in 19 patients with ulcerative colitis, while they were receiving enteral or intravenous nutrition.

It is probably due to the accompanying impairment in protein metabolism .

In addition, they extend the observations from whole body studies of protein metabolism that have been previously reported.

Ammonia, the terminal product of protein metabolism , must be excreted rapidly and diluted to non-toxic levels in the surrounding fluids.

Previous investigations of protein metabolism in these clinical disorders have centred on measurements of whole body protein turnover.

molecule

They are smaller molecules than proteins , so they have to become attached to a protein molecule before they are activated.

One experiment produced crystals of protein molecules that drug company researchers believe could advance the development of antiviral drugs.

These slightly altered protein molecules are mass-produced by the protein-making machines inside the developing brain cells.

The antibodies are protein molecules that can fit on to an allergen and inactivate it.

Some protein molecules are simply too large for microbes to handle.

Research has however shown that in terms of the arrangement of the protein molecules this model is no longer accurate.

Synthesizing any new protein molecule from scratch takes a matter of minutes.

Sometimes, different protein molecules will fit together, like the pieces of a three-dimensional jigsaw, to form larger-scale structures.

sequence

Comparison between the protein sequences of Drosophila and rat ribosomal protein S2.

Serratus is the most comprehensive, non-redundant protein sequence database available to the protein chemist.

Cameleon provides a powerful interactive graphics interface to protein sequence homology modelling.

It aligns two protein sequences interactively.

serum

Based on the production of this absorption peak, it is possible to quantitate serum proteins by an ultraviolet-light technique.

The other structural characteristic that may be used to quantitate serum proteins is the presence of peptide bonds.

The buffer base is composed of the anionic buffers which include bicarbonate, phosphate, serum proteins , and hemoglobin.

They are hemoglobin, serum protein , phosphate, and bicarbonate.

skimmer

How do I determine the size of protein skimmer I need.

Renewing the airstone Q. Adjusting my protein skimmer is causing me problems.

Internal protein skimmers are determined by the depth of the tank.

It has undergravel filtration run by two powerheads, with a protein skimmer .

Use a Rena 301 to run the protein skimmer .

Although U/V, ozone and protein skimmers were known, reference books often claimed they were unnecessary.

Is this adequate, or should I add a protein skimmer and/or external canister filter?

The tank has a protein skimmer .

synthesis

The inhibitors might therefore be causing amnesia not because they prevent protein synthesis but because of their effect on increasing amino acid levels.

Testosterone promotes protein synthesis and thus greatly increases physical strength.

But exactly how viral protein synthesis is selectively inhibited, leaving cellular protein synthesis relatively unaffected, is still not clear.

Measuring the rate of protein synthesis then becomes a matter of measuring the rate at which amino acids are incorporated into proteins.

We repeated the experiments with a precursor for protein and found that an increase in protein synthesis occurred also.

For example, when two amino acids are joined, as in protein synthesis , energy must be supplied.

■ VERB

bind

As shown in Fig. 3, both oligonucleotides were able to bind F9 proteins and to produce retarded complexes.

T3 and diffuse into the circulation where they are bound to proteins . 353.

Some AEDs are more tightly bound to protein than others.

In some tissues the action of calcium on adenylate cyclase is mediated by the calcium binding protein calmodulin { 19 }.

The arms races between parasites and their hosts are all about these binding proteins .

contain

Licensed hawkers were circulating, braying the merits of spiced sausages containing only real animal protein - so they claimed.

Although guayule latex contains fewer proteins than hevea, manufacturers should still wash it well, Cornish said.

This treatment contains protein and Vitamin E which help strengthen, moisturise and protect your hair.

This burgeoning family now contains over 20 different proteins , principally identified through sequence homology.

Repeating these steps produced a plasmid containing two protein A domains, and then by another step to one with three domains.

Filtration in both tanks is undergravel, driven by powerheads and both contain protein skimmers.

The band containing each protein was cut out and the gel was emulsified in Freund complete adjuvant for injection.

Each rod contains thousands of proteins that transform light into signals via a molecule that crosses the membrane in a sevenfold zigzag.

encode

The genes encoding the protein are packaged such that the encoded protein is displayed on the outside of the package.

Therefore, the genes encoding these proteins were chosen for insertion into the triple gene transfer vector.

express

At this stage the cells had already assumed an epithelial form, but were not yet expressing the two marker proteins .

Electrophoretic mobility shift assays Oct-11 and Oct-2 proteins were expressed in E.coli as protein A-fusions.

The vectors were utilized to express bluetongue virus proteins .

Production and maintenance of Rat-1 fibroblasts stably expressing the c-Myc-ER fusion protein and the defective c-Myc mutant protein 106-143c-Myc-ER have been described.

produce

One obvious approach is to look for genes that produce proteins similar to existing drug targets.

These plasma cells produce a homogeneous immunoglobulin protein which stains as a well-defined peak in the gamma region.

The process produces no new proteins , it only causes physical changes to existing structures.

A normal gene produces a normal protein , then something goes wrong and the body starts turning out prions.

The phase between divisions, when the genes produce proteins and the cell grows, is called interphase.

Transgenic animals are genetically altered to produce proteins in their milk.

Even worse, they produce proteins in large quantities which are very similar to those in our own body.

Those genes would produce a harmless protein that, once inside the body, would sound the false alarm of infection.

provide

Native grasses usually have insufficient nutritional value as they provide considerably less protein .

This sample diet provides all the protein , carbohydrates and fats needed for a maximum muscle-building program for that 200 pound man.

These should include snack foods providing vital proteins , carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and fats.

And a couple of times a year, they would slaughter the hogs or heifers that provided year-round protein .

As a supplement, feeder shrimps will provide additional proteins and roughage.

Enough grain is produced to provide everyone with ample protein and more than 3,000 calories per day.

show

Tests in other transgenic plant species show that protein coats taken from viruses appear to confer protection against them.

Here we show that the iron-free protein does not undergo any major structural changes compared with the iron-containing R2.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

animal products/fats/protein etc

A recently proposed federal ban on feeding animal protein to animals is encouraging, writes Rhodes, but has too many loopholes.

Cholesterol is found only in animal products, such as meats-especially organ meats-whole milk products and the yolk of eggs.

In general, the consumption of animal products has decreased while the consumption of plant products increased during recent years.

It can only obtain it by eating animal proteins.

Licensed hawkers were circulating, braying the merits of spiced sausages containing only real animal protein - so they claimed.

The method was designed to estimate the intakes of total and saturated fat, cholesterol, and animal protein.

The sanctions could take the form of a ban on virtually all trade in wild animal products with the two countries.

What animal products are used in other wines, and why are producers not obliged to list the ingredients?

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Although guayule latex contains fewer proteins than hevea, manufacturers should still wash it well, Cornish said.

It can only obtain it by eating animal proteins.

Kidneys clog with protein from damaged muscles, damming up toxins in the blood.

Renewing the airstone Q. Adjusting my protein skimmer is causing me problems.

The molecular identity of the 240K protein is not yet known.

The second interferon-induced enzyme adds a phosphate group to a protein that is essential for the synthesis of new proteins to begin.

Understanding the Role of Antibodies Antibodies are protein substances manufactured by the human immune system to help defend us against diseases.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.