Meaning of ROCK in English

ROCK

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a boat rocks (= moves from side to side in the water )

The little boat was rocking in the wind.

a music/jazz/rock etc fan

Jazz fans are in for a treat at this year’s Montreux Jazz Festival.

a pop/rock star

Who’s your favourite pop star?

a pop/rock/jazz group

They’re one of the most exciting pop groups around at the moment.

a pop/rock/jazz/classical concert

There were 150,000 people at the rock concert in Frankfurt.

a rock garden (= a garden with rocks that have plants growing between them )

She helped me choose plants for the rock garden.

a rock/jazz etc band

He's the saxophonist in a jazz band.

a rock/pop/jazz/folk festival

He's appeared at folk festivals all over Europe.

hard rock

Northern Rock

pop/rock/classical etc music

Johnny Cash was one of country music’s greatest stars.

rock 'n' roll

Elvis, the king of rock ‘n’ roll

rock and roll

rock bottom

My personal life had hit rock bottom.

rock climbing

rock face

rock garden

rock music

rock pool

rock salt

rock/cloud formation

the canyon’s impressive rock formations

rocked...cradle

She rocked the cradle to quieten the child.

rocking chair

rocking horse

rock/mountain climbing

sing/rock/lull sb to sleep (= make someone sleep by singing etc )

She was usually able to rock the baby back to sleep quite quickly.

solid as a rock (= extremely solid )

The frame is as solid as a rock .

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

bare

One little plant grew at the foot of an old, bare rock .

The body that had been photographed with a definite cometary tail in 1949 was now a bare rock .

Most of Lewis is acid peat bog, and much of Harris bare rock .

It had taken three months to excavate down to the bare rock .

As the tank lurched away the shape ignited on a surface of bare rock , blasting it to pieces.

And if we examine the bare rock at the base of the grassy hill we discover carved spirals.

With so much tree growth over the years it is impossible to identify the bare rocks of the engraving.

But in places the bare rock is showing and the joints have been enlarged by chemical solution.

great

It wasn't too bad in the quarry with its great walls of rock .

Nothing could be accomplished until a great wall of rocks and earth was thrown up to hold back the raging waters.

Clearly a great variety of rock types would result.

When all had been chopped off he disposed of the one that was immortal by burying it securely under a great rock .

There were great rocks on the road and thin mist seemed to cling to everywhere.

Her name was Gayelette, and she lived in a handsome palace built from great rocks of ruby.

Still, it's a magnificent place, perched on a great rock jutting out into the sea and with commanding views.

But Jason withstood the fearful creatures as a great rock in the sea withstands the waves.

hard

It is very difficult dealing with fractures and dislocations which have happened on fairly hard rock climbs.

Its overhanging walls provide a number of hard rock climbs.

They still play honest hard rock , but now it sounds fresher and has thousands of hard edges.

The harder rocks stand out as ledges, the softer ones form steep slopes.

In an area with such rapid changes in temperature as to erode hard rock into sand, soft shells would not have survived.

Erosion of hard rocks is usually very different.

Differential erosion of the rocks has resulted in the hard rocks being left as peaks separated by deeply eroded valleys and ravines.

hot

She felt as if she were lying naked on a hot rock , stretching languorously towards the sun.

This occurs because rifting of the lithosphere allows hot mantle rock to move towards the surface.

The Department of Energy estimates that 10 percent of our electricity could come from hot dry rock in 125 years' time.

The hot rocks technique holds out the best hope for exploitation of geothermal energy.

igneous

Thus it is very well developed on fine-grained basic igneous and metamorphic rocks .

In the same way, the earmarks of igneous rocks are their mineralogy, textures, and structures.

These formed hard igneous rocks which have resisted erosion.

Though igneous rocks are not layered, as sediments are, they too have characteristics that place them in time.

Which are these hills of igneous rocks ?

Many of these materials are what we would call igneous rocks if we were to find them on Earth.

Auger spectroscopy of igneous and metamorphic rocks has shown fine films of carbon covering grain boundaries.

Figure 3-17 shows graphically the division of igneous rocks according to their mineral content and their grain size.

metamorphic

Thus it is very well developed on fine-grained basic igneous and metamorphic rocks .

The identification of a metamorphic rock depends largely on recognition of foliation and other textures.

The area also contains important sedimentary sequences, and the metamorphic rocks of the Dalradian Super-Group at the Highland Boundary.

That time has been shown to be appreciably later than the original formation of the rock for metamorphic and plutonic rocks.

Auger spectroscopy of igneous and metamorphic rocks has shown fine films of carbon covering grain boundaries.

Mostly granite and metamorphic rock , it has been heated, stirred and compressed for millions and sometimes billions of years.

Extensive areas within continental platforms are formed of basement, a complex of metamorphic and igneous rocks of Palaeozic or Precambrian age.

The same structural features, sometimes less easily recognized, are found in igneous and metamorphic rocks .

old

One little plant grew at the foot of an old , bare rock .

They now have rocks galore, probably the oldest rocks ever examined, sitting on their home territory.

The oldest Tertiary rocks contained archaic mammals that bore no resemblance to the living families within the class.

In the older Secondary rocks there seemed to be no mammals at all, only bizarre reptiles.

The oldest rocks found on the Earth's surface are about the same age as the youngest rocks found on the Moon.

This makes them the oldest rocks on the Moon.

At the bottom of the Grand Canyon the oldest rocks of all are exposed in a gorge lined with vertical cliffs.

Elsewhere old rock is swallowed up where plates come together.

punk

Her first adventures in the music business found her tiptoeing round the edges of punk rock .

A: I like punk rock .

It reminds me of when punk rock used to be somewhat threatening.

sedimentary

There is already evidence that mining corporations are interested in probing beneath the sedimentary rocks to find new deposits.

Oil, gas, and coal, composed of organic carbon compounds, are found as economic deposits in sedimentary rocks .

It was formed by the heating and crushing of shale, a sedimentary rock which has hardened from mud.

On Earth, the deposit of sedimentary rock at the bottom of the ocean is part of larger geological cycles.

Limestone Any sedimentary rock consisting essentially of carbonates.

As the microcontinents collided, they piled up the sedimentary rock along their shores into mountain belts.

The sedimentary rocks , with their coal seams, have been folded and faulted.

But they did not connect their ideas to the much earlier extinctions recorded in sedimentary rocks .

solid

It was as solid as rock .

It marked the point where the solid rock of the mantle changed into molten iron.

Skipper Alan Kernaghan again led by example, with Nicky Mohan solid as a rock alongside him.

It was simply not admissible that something as blatantly solid as a rock could have come from the heavens.

From water level as you approach through the rock garden it looks like one solid rock barrier.

When the cofferdams were finished, the engineers turned to the next task-stripping the canyon abutments to expose fresh clean solid rock .

Mr Glen said the bypass would have to be blasted out of solid rock .

From above, the sandstone looks like solid rock , terminating at a 20-foot cliff.

volcanic

Most volcanic rocks contain some phenocrysts - they are a bit like the pips in raspberry jam.

But it has endured because it was constructed of brick and volcanic rock between 1783 and 1792.

RioFinex examined the Ordovician volcanic rocks of County Tyrone for base metals but found only minor intersections of low-grade copper mineralisation.

Warped and folded Paleozoic strata and reddish Tertiary volcanic rocks are capped with dark Quaternary basalt flows.

Thus the volcanic rocks formed are drastically different from their oceanic counterparts.

The important properties of these three principal volcanic rock groups can be summarized in simple tables.

These are frequently associated with volcanic rocks of oceanic type.

The codename was chosen because rhyolite is a volcanic rock containing colourful pieces of quartz set in a mass of crystals.

■ NOUN

band

And hard labour ... the railway navvies remembered by a rock band .

He went on to form one of the most successful rock bands in the world.

And it is the freak subversive genius of this record that makes them the single most important rock band of our time.

Indeed, he was both an amateur painter and a musician in a rock band that met at weekends.

Well-known acts with an ill-fitting country label now range from old-fashioned southern rock bands to pure folk singers.

No-one ever called the Clash a punk rock band .

bottom

At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom .

With her spirits at rock bottom , Fabia got ready for bed.

But this time he does seem to have hit rock bottom .

The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom .

Resilience is highest at the beginning of the new school year and hits rock bottom in February.

Ogmore to Barry beach sport hit rock bottom .

For those keeping score, that's rock bottom in 6 of 10 categories.

climbing

I went canoeing, rock climbing and abseiling.

Although largely unknown in Britain, Lafaille has an impressive rock climbing curriculum vitae.

The blatant placing of a bolt in a Lakeland mountain crag produced considerable reaction throughout the rock climbing fraternity.

Indeed, there is now little or none of the traditional progression or interweaving of rock climbing and other mountain activities.

Five star rating Outward Bound centre - canoeing, caving, rock climbing pony trekking etc.

On the way to the camp we passed a boulder where Tony and I competed for rock climbing idiot of the evening.

There she will put her courage and dexterity to the test rock climbing , abseiling, sea kayaking, and canoeing.

In summer tourists can go rock climbing or walking.

concert

Earlier, 150,000 people were at a rock concert in Frankfurt.

Think of rock concerts where they have those banks of giant speakers grouped together on the stage.

The typical kind of modern spectacle, like a modern rock concert , has reached its limits.

He is presently covering rock concerts for Kendal council who are hosting an exhibition of his work later in the year.

Match receipts slumped by £89,000 compared to 1991, but profits were boosted by staging two Simply Red rock concerts .

Large conventions are spectacular rock concerts are held in the 12,000 seat Arena.

face

The path down to the beach was a precarious one, tiny steps hewn out of the sheer rock face .

The heat-seekers would be drawn by the steaming wound in the rock face , Defries realized; they'd ignore Daak.

The body in its shroud of ice stayed fixed to the rock face .

Steve had to fix a belay around a boulder while the porters lowered barrels, bags and sacks down the rock face .

Below the bushes lay a ledge and then a sheer rock face plunging forty feet to the clay-reddened lake.

Their nest was a bit like an overgrown wren's nest - a pile of moss fixed on to the rock face .

Soon he reached the top where the hills levelled out and stretched to the hard rock face of the towering cliffs.

Outside and in, the rock face has been transformed into a quarry for giant busts.

formation

Massive rock formations , mountains and deep canyons present splendid views of nature's work.

Rent a jeep to get out on to small tracks which uncover some beautiful waterfalls and rock formations .

Above: The distinctive rock formation of the Trinnacle, at Ravenstones.

Bernice was fascinated by rock formations .

Britain is geologically interesting because it contains many different rock formations containing a large range of metals.

The water was dark blue but in places dark green where underwater rock formations subtly changed the colour.

The valley has wooded slopes and attractive rock formations .

What you mainly see are stalactites, stalagmites and other rock formations , excellent of their kind.

garden

They are bright and enchanting and look superb in a rock garden , at the front of a border or in pots.

From water level as you approach through the rock garden it looks like one solid rock barrier.

The initial approach starts right of centre and works diagonally left through the rock garden .

She would buy white wrought-iron pieces with delicate tracery, and set them there, by the rock garden .

Rare trees and shrubs, bluebells, rock garden . 3 wheelchairs available.

The smaller kinds of daffodils and tulips are ideally suited to the rock garden or dry bed.

Larch and spruce shelter nature's own rock garden with the forest floor carpeted with many species of wild flowers.

Best used alone rather than in mixed bedding, in rock gardens , containers, &038; clumps at front of borders.

group

She was the lead singer in an all-girl rock group .

U2 are a four piece rock group stretching the possibilities of that line-up to the new and accessible levels.

Strawberry and the Sensations Strawberry and the Sensations are a rock group on tour.

The important properties of these three principal volcanic rock groups can be summarized in simple tables.

Painted red stars, rock groups wanted to march to the West.

You're a rock group so people get their rocks off.

U2 are not a politically and musically aggressive rock group , but they don't ignore morals or values.

music

There is also the opportunity to see new places, another way of life and meet new friends: rock music tourism.

And rock music has to be like that.

Dublin's brand of rock music merges at times with traditional music, and the studios are used for both styles.

A grease-smeared youth answered the door, accompanied by a gust of rock music and an aroma of gravy.

Some one was playing rock music in the flat above and the faint throb hovered in the sitting-room.

It is in rock music , Wicke suggests, that this development is seen most clearly.

The rhythm of the rock music thumped relentlessly.

The collection was presented to the pounding beat of aggressive rock music .

star

Unlike Sting, Dylan and Bowie, Waits has never looked like a rock star overreaching himself.

Two ageing rock stars in front made it look easy and Hebbert was fooled.

The club was mentioned in the ghosted autobiographies of countless rock stars .

One female rock star likened the feeling to the one some women have after giving birth - lets have another one.

Name the two famous rock stars who died in the crash with Buddy. 4. 4.

They'd go there after work for a drink and a few rock stars would turn up.

He would make rock star Phil Collins Minister for Arts.

His name and his music opened the new National Bowl, promoted now as a major venue for big rock stars .

■ VERB

climb

The north Cornish coast is rocky, and climbing the rocks was a constant challenge and excitement.

To escape that potentially maddening scene, make like a monk and climb a rock .

He climbed out on the rocks to get a better look, but still he saw nothing.

This characteristic stems from the diversity of techniques required to climb the rock .

Two men climb the rock to check that all has been eaten and to clean it for the next burial.

The tide was high, so they could not climb on the rocks and breakwaters, or explore the caves.

hit

At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.

Demonstrators smashed in the face, hit with rocks .

The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.

A 5.4-magnitude earthquake hits southern Oregon, killing a motorist whose pickup was hit by falling rock .

Hello! has won a reputation as heralding disaster by featuring families apparently in bliss just before they hit the rocks .

The one guy drop-kicked him and another guy hit him with a rock .

It was immediately answered by another shot, which hit a rock behind him.

roll

The rock and roll global village.

Finished digging, hauling rocks , and rolling and cajoling them into place-last of north wall built.

On the verge of Connemara, we passed through a steep valley of rocks poised as if to roll down upon us.

Yet no one who knew the man disputes that Robey might well have knocked down the self-proclaimed king of rock &038; roll .

Only the tips of her tail-feathers were caught between the rocks as they rolled back together; and those were torn away.

This was more ambitious than mere rock &038; roll .

stick

For elaborate structures stick rocks together with silicone sealant, but let it cure completely before putting it into your tank water.

Walk gingerly over the rocks and sand. Stick to big rocks that would be difficult to dislodge.

A chaiselongue with missing castors, the walrus is stuck for ever on his rock .

throw

The crowd threw a few rocks and dispersed.

The watchdog would back off if you threw rocks at him.

The waves lifted the Forfarshire and threw it on to the rock , like a child playing with a toy.

Okay. Throw a rock at my window or something.

They, in turn, threw rocks and coins at him.

You could throw a rock from Paramount and it would land in Hollywood Memorial.

He threw a rock down it but you could not hear it strike the bottom ....

This is the same as when you throw a rock in a pool of water.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

be at/hit/reach rock bottom

By four o'clock Melissa's spirits were at rock bottom .

hit/reach rock bottom

After we lost the contract, morale in the office reached rock bottom.

Confidence in the city's police force has hit rock bottom.

Joan Rivers reveals how she hit rock bottom and recovered in her autobiography.

As a result, hotel values hit rock bottom in 1992&.

At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.

But this time he does seem to have hit rock bottom.

Ogmore to Barry beach sport hit rock bottom.

The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.

shake/rock the foundations of sth

The money economy shook the foundations of a society composed mainly of lords and peasants.

The thunder seemed to shake the foundations of the building.

Yet even as the competition fades into the history books, something also seems to be shaking the foundations of capitalism.

skip rocks/stones

sth is the new rock 'n' roll

the Rock of Gibraltar

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a rock concert

Eugene stood on a rock and called for help.

Geologists study the exposed sections of rock .

igneous rock

KXCI plays rock , blues, jazz, world beat, and folk music.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Come up on to the top of the rock !

Fearing the ships might founder on coastal rocks, the admiral summoned all his navigators to put their heads together.

It must be practical enough to reach between rocks and plants.

Only then comes the point where the crust finally ends and the mantle rock begins.

Some volcanoes produce only one kind of rock during their entire lives, but others show an impressive diversity.

The Cliff Palace was cut into the rock , round rooms and towers, walls with irregular openings.

Those rocks and boulders were like mountains.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

gently

The boat rocked gently of its own accord.

When I returned, Jett was sitting exactly as I'd left him, hugging himself and rocking gently to and fro.

She smelled the salt, and imagined the dock rocking gently to and fro.

It was a bleak sort of day, with occasional gusts of wind gently rocking the vehicle from side to side.

As he passed underneath, it rocked gently as if on invisible waves.

The boat was there, tied up and rocking gently to the swirl of the dark water inshore.

A giant wave approaches and gently rocks the ship.

■ NOUN

boat

The boat rocked gently of its own accord.

In the water; the boats rocked at their moorings, their tuna towers swaying.

That sets the little boats rocking like crazy, like there's a sudden storm or summat.

You could have him lie on his tummy and pretend to be a boat , rocking back and forth.

The bows of the boat rocked as gently as a baby's cradle.

The boat might be rocked but it would not ship water.

explosion

As a result, violent explosions rocked the vessel and led to its abandonment within an hour of the attack.

The shock of the explosion rocked the helicopter.

Witnesses reported at least one massive explosion , which rocked houses up to a quarter of a mile away.

They climbed to safety, and a moment later a tremendous explosion rocked the gorge.

Mortars and grenades pounded the area; 26 heavy explosions rocked the cellar.

heel

Burun had rocked back on to his heels .

He was rocking on his heels , watching Kathy sleep.

laughter

Take laughing: I have only to titter and, in seconds, the Monster also is rocking with pretend laughter .

The performance had the legislature, including the subjects of the barbs, rocking with laughter .

side

A man had his arm around her, rocking her from side to side as the singers swayed with their patriotic song.

The yacht rocked violently from side to side as the ship's wake came under them.

It was a bleak sort of day, with occasional gusts of wind gently rocking the vehicle from side to side.

The basket began rocking violently from side to side.

world

The truth, when it is revealed, will rock this world upon its axis.

There are, however, remnants of the unexplained mystery that rocked the developed world of 1560.

Nobody has rocked my world , as the saying goes.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

be at/hit/reach rock bottom

By four o'clock Melissa's spirits were at rock bottom .

hit/reach rock bottom

After we lost the contract, morale in the office reached rock bottom.

Confidence in the city's police force has hit rock bottom.

Joan Rivers reveals how she hit rock bottom and recovered in her autobiography.

As a result, hotel values hit rock bottom in 1992&.

At the time, I thought one had hit rock bottom.

But this time he does seem to have hit rock bottom.

Ogmore to Barry beach sport hit rock bottom.

The 28-year-old mechanical engineer's fortunes took a dramatic twist midway through last season when his career hit rock bottom.

shake/rock the foundations of sth

The money economy shook the foundations of a society composed mainly of lords and peasants.

The thunder seemed to shake the foundations of the building.

Yet even as the competition fades into the history books, something also seems to be shaking the foundations of capitalism.

sth is the new rock 'n' roll

the Rock of Gibraltar

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Glenda sat beside the cradle, gently rocking it from side to side.

The chair squeaked as I rocked back and forth.

The company was rocked by massive changes in the computer business.

The law firm was rocked by accusations of bribery and dishonesty.

The scandal has rocked the banking world.

Uncle Maury laughed until he was rocking back and forth.

Waves from a passing freighter rocked the boat.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Rob Rio and the Revolvers rocked while sequined and tuxedoed revelers danced amid a plethora of King Tut-like splendor.

She rocked back and forth; her whimpers seemed to hold all the pain in the world.

She rocked it roughly, loathing it, and the baby grew hysterical.

The sound was shaking the roof and rocking the floor.

They may soon be getting free bus passes but they know how to rock .

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.