Meaning of STIFF in English

STIFF

I. adjective

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a severe/stiff/heavy/tough/harsh penalty

There were calls for stiffer penalties for killers of police officers.

a stiff/long sentence (= a long time in prison )

Police officers are demanding stiffer sentences for offenders.

a stiff/strong breeze

There was a good stiff breeze, just right for sailing.

a stiff/strong drink (= a drink with a lot of strong alcohol )

He was in need of a stiff drink to calm himself down.

be bored stiff/silly/rigid (= extremely bored )

Patti was bored stiff with small-town Massachusetts life.

fierce/intense/stiff opposition (= strong opposition )

It is certain that there will be fierce opposition to the changes.

scared stiff informal (= extremely scared )

I was scared stiff of going down those cellar steps.

stiff resistance (= strong resistance )

The city government is facing some stiff resistance.

stiff//tough/fierce/intense/keen competition (= strong competition )

There is stiff competition for places at the best universities.

worried sick/stiff (= extremely worried )

Where have you been? We’ve been worried sick!

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

back

Doubtless there were a few stiff backs and aching muscles to contend with after it was all finished.

She didn't need to see that stiff back to know all was not well.

His knee-joints cracked with the effort and he stretched his stiff back , feeling old, spent.

I find myself doing this when I have a tired or stiff back .

breeze

The next day was bright and cold, with a stiff breeze blowing straight down the field.

Put in on a shoe and it will wipe off in a stiff breeze .

Daylight broke, a stiff breeze struck up and the sky clouded over.

A stiff breeze riffles the brush.

The mastheads of beached yachts tinkled in a stiff breeze .

A stiff breeze shoves broken clouds across the moon.

The skill is running down the beach with all your equipment often in a stiff breeze .

challenge

John Kerry beat back a stiff challenge from Republican Gov.

But what the Bears get Saturday might be their stiffest challenge .

For seat No. 3, incumbent Provencio faces stiff challenges from Sandoval and White, both veterans of the campaign trail.

collar

He wore pince-nez spectacles, a round-ended stiff collar , and a moustache.

He dressed like a dandy in a Prince Albert coat, derby hat, and stiff collar .

He was also more formal than she had ever seen him, his suit and stiff collar making him look quite different.

He scratched his neck under his stiff collar , smoked cigarettes, and sucked mints to make his breath smell good.

The men had taken off their stiff collars , but were still uncomfortable in waistcoats and tight trousers and big boots.

Oh yes! and stiff collars .

He was of the old school, complete with stiff collar and bowler hat, and he was a good all-rounder.

competition

For the male, it is a stiff competition , but even the strongest can be unwittingly foiled.

Superior products would evolve and stiff competition would sprout up as Roundup patent protections expired around the globe.

A spokesman for Cuff Roberts said the scheme offered nationwide expertise from Liverpool and stiff competition to Manchester firms.

Whether the high jumper can requalify against stiff competition depends in large part upon the other big change: her takeoff.

The planned deregulation has bred concern that Petron will face stiffer competition and an erosion of its 42 percent market share.

But he says it has some stiff competition from a consortium of Eastern universities and industry.

The company was facing stiff competition and losing market share.

drink

Calm your nerves by deep breathing, not by having a stiff drink .

When he got home he'd have a stiff drink and a long bath, followed by another stiff drink.

A good shower helped, but she would have liked to go down and search for a stiff drink .

I poured myself a stiff drink and tossed it down.

Many people would rather have a stiff drink to help them sleep, than take a sleeping tablet for their insomnia.

A couple of stiff drinks and a bowl of soup afterwards was about all I could cope with.

fine

Under the rules, the Aintree executive could have faced stiff fines .

lip

Oh, hello, guys; stiff lip , stiff lip....

neck

The stiff neck is a way of controlling feeling as are the rigid shoulders and the pulled-in gut.

Rarely, a subarachnoid bleed can present with high fever, stiff neck , and headache masquerading as meningitis.

Sore throat with swollen glands and a stiff neck .

In the morning he woke up with a painful stiff neck .

A stiff neck for a few weeks after a bump was tolerated in the past.

Can you watch television without getting a stiff neck ?

She was suffering from a stiff neck which gave her pain whenever she turned her head.

Other signs of tension and fear are a tight mouth, stiff neck , and flared nostrils.

opposition

He is called upon both to defend his faith against stiff opposition and to spread it among his friends.

But that idea has run into stiff opposition .

Union leaders warned that the group's attempt to cut jobs could face stiff opposition .

It is likely to face stiff opposition from trade unions, including the teachers' union, if it does so.

penalty

At the moment, they face fines of £400, but there are moves afoot to introduce stiffer penalties .

There was a stiff penalty if a young lass's loaf fell during baking: one year of bad luck.

Those who did not could face stiff penalties , including a $ 2,000 fine and up to five years in prison.

The stiffer penalties announced by Mason were of limited value by themselves.

The vote would ask approval of stiffer penalties for corruption, including barring convicted officials from office.

In some cases LEAs operating such patrols are pressing magistrates to impose stiff penalties on parents of truants.

The plan calls for stiffer penalties for offences and increased government resources to investigate more incidents.

Conventional mortgages often contain stiff penalties for borrowers who want to redeem all or part of the loan before its end.

resistance

These conditions were expected to meet stiff resistance in the Legislative Assembly.

A bipartisan drive to change the rules for financing federal campaigns is running into stiff resistance from veteran members of Congress.

The hierarchy, however, mounted stiff resistance and publicly denounced any attack on ecclesiastical privileges and property.

Investors had mixed views of how bonds would react if the bailout plan met stiff resistance in the Diet.

A stiff resistance might well increase the pressure on Washington to end the war on Southern terms.

sentence

Gave him a stiff sentence in a House of Correction to teach him better ways.

Alan Eastwood, who represents more than a hundred thousand rank and file officers, wants more police powers and stiffer sentences .

test

Stirrup Cup, unbeaten in six races this season, faces much his stiffest test .

Liphook is the perfect example of a short course which still presents a stiff test of a golfer's skills.

An uncertain outcome to the election and pressure from Britain's currency partners will be a stiff test for the pound.

wind

But after an hour or so of trudging into the stiff wind , a slight feeling of despair crept over me.

Within minutes a stiff wind was blowing over the harbor.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

straight/stiff as a ramrod

Said he was as stiff as a ramrod and would get nowhere, but he's pretty hard on people anyway.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a stiff piece of cardboard

After a twelve hour plane ride, my back was stiff and sore.

As you get older, your muscles become stiffer.

For crimes involving the use of guns, the sentences are particularly stiff .

I felt really stiff after playing basketball last week.

I woke up with a stiff neck this morning.

In the extreme cold my wet shoes became frozen stiff .

Magistrates now have the power to impose stiff penalties on the parents of children who fail to turn up for school.

Motorists who do not obey the rules will face stiff fines of up to £3000.

My legs are stiff from going running last night.

She gives the impression of being rather stiff and unfriendly, but I think that's because she's basically shy.

The collar of his shirt felt stiff and uncomfortable.

The leaves of the anubias plant are very stiff .

The sheets outside on the washing line had gone stiff in the frost.

Their good-byes were stiff and formal.

To make the picture, you will need a sheet of stiff card.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

I tried to smile back, but my face that day was curiously stiff .

Rarely, a subarachnoid bleed can present with high fever, stiff neck, and headache masquerading as meningitis.

The dress didn't suit her, it was too stiff and smart, it looked as if she was trying too hard.

The tremolo would probably need setting up properly because it feels stiff and uneven in use.

Whether the high jumper can requalify against stiff competition depends in large part upon the other big change: her takeoff.

With slow wrinkling his stiff face relaxed now and then into a feminine tender smile.

II. adverb

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

be frozen (stiff)

A blue sponge of Holy Water in its receptacle just inside the door was frozen solid.

Assets abroad were frozen by the U. N. These events set into motion the erasure of the middle class.

Bacon should be kept refrigerated and although it can be frozen , freezing is not recommended because the product loses quality.

By the time she turned around, Paula Engado was frozen in space like a china figurine.

It's been predicted that the number of places on courses is likely to be frozen this year.

The cooked meat can be frozen for one month.

The extra pancakes may be frozen .

The lake is frozen solid, but its shape is clearly drawn, absolutely flat in the undulating landscape.

straight/stiff as a ramrod

Said he was as stiff as a ramrod and would get nowhere, but he's pretty hard on people anyway.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Dr Aziz replied stiffly, "I do not consider Mrs Moore my friend.''

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

He lay next to me stiff as wood.

I made myself go stiff at first but Mum went on cuddling and soon I sort of collapsed against her.

Leyland rose, stiff , self-conscious, afraid.

Riven was stiff all over, hardly able to stretch himself flat.

The wind was quieter there but the dried-out cold it left behind kept pedestrians fast-moving, stiff inside their coats.

III. noun

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

He was rising in the world, a celebrated hijacker, and Charlie was a working stiff with money problems.

How about a series on rock's greatest stiffs?

My dad was a poor working stiff .

They closed the old door behind them and there I was, alone with a few dozen stiffs.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.