Meaning of TIMBER in English

TIMBER

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

the arms/timber/book etc trade

Britain is heavily involved in the arms trade.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

big

They rode through just before the first of the big gate timbers descended in an explosion of sparks.

The biggest enemy of timber cladding - and its supporting battens - is rot.

The big white timber and stone structure nestled, half hidden, amongst mature oak and elm.

heavy

Above this central partition lay a heavy timber roof-truss, supporting the purlins and extending down to suspended ceiling level.

We had an excess issue of heavy timber .

The expansion of both the Royal Navy and the mercantile marine also entailed a heavy demand for timber .

The structure of the open warehouse floors consisted of cast-iron columns supporting steel, iron or heavy timber beams.

Your men cut heavy baulks of timber: oak, elm, beech.

The heavy timber door closed resoundingly behind her and the heels of her sandals clicked on the stone floors.

large

They raided two yards belonging to Timbmet, the country's second largest timber importer, at Oxford and Bicester.

No. 8 is a large timber drying shed.

Fancy designs are available from larger timber merchants, and give a lovely effect when lit from behind.

Britain is presently the world's second largest timber importer with a self-sufficiency in wood of only about 10%.

old

The beautiful restaurant has a traditional feel, with splendid old timbers and a delightful new conservatory.

Searching out high-quality old timber is a big factor in the opening up of pristine forests.

And finally, one great advantage of all old timber - it is fully seasoned and will never move again.

tropical

The first-stage trees are largely used for pulp, while the second-stage ones are the bulk of the tropical timber industry.

For the environmentally minded contractor, several lumber companies in California are now marketing ethically chopped tropical rain forest timber .

The organisation has set 2000 as the target for tropical timber producers to introduce sustainable policies.

Early last year the North Hertfordshire branch of Friends of the Earth conducted a survey of importers of tropical timber .

Conserving Matters Steps are at last being taken to create a formal structure for checking the sources of sustainably managed tropical timber .

However, it agreed to postpone until 1994 the negotiation of a new agreement between tropical timber producers and consumers.

In 1990, it imported over 900,000 cubic metres of tropical timber , and nearly eight million finished tropical timber products.

■ NOUN

beam

However it was to no avail: the Orcs swarmed across the river floating on broken timber beams and other debris.

building

The second-century timber buildings in Annetwell Street mentioned above were replaced by masonry structures, possibly under Severus.

Excavations south of the fort have shown the existence of contemporary timber buildings as far south as Blackfriars Street.

We visited this and were told that the timber buildings were of three periods, of course.

To the south lay several layers representing the floors and make-up of a timber building alongside streets 1 and 3.

Its original turf and timber buildings were eventually replaced by stone ones.

company

The foreign company would also assist the Forestry Department in collecting royalty and tax payments from the timber companies.

floor

Some of the more complex structures may have had suspended timber floors .

They can be put in a timber floor or in a trench in a solid floor.

Overloaded or lightly structured timber floors are also likely to deflect or sag, producing a dished or sloping floor surface.

Quarry tiles in the kitchen, dining room and hall are laid on the diagonal, on top of a timber floor .

The first is the crawl space beneath any suspended timber floors , where rot can quickly develop unless ventilation is good.

frame

A typical lightweight construction would be a timber frame with insulation between the studs and an inner lining of plasterboard.

You can buy an off-the-peg timber frame house or discover how to design and build your own house of stone.

At least today's timber frame builders can use a crane to haul the weighty beams into place.

Illustrated is the system used for securing sheets to a simple lean-to verandah roof with timber frame .

The second type of grave was structurally similar to the first but also included timber frames on which the deceased were laid.

Though build-about 1740 this timber frame type of construction dates back to the Middle Ages.

Then the timber frame construction can start.

industry

The Shadow Agriculture Minister says privatisation would be a scandal and could threaten jobs in the timber industry .

While environmentalists want some of the damaged trees to remain, the timber industry wants to remove as many as possible.

Doctor Strang also introduced fears that privatisation will effect the future of jobs in the timber industry .

The timber industry estimates that it, too, will reap millions.

Unfortunately the timber industry is shot through with economic inefficiency.

Environmentalists and representatives of the timber industry , nearly always at odds, find themselves supporting a policy of increased burning.

The report has been welcomed by many legislators as the most authoritative and independent assessment of the old-growth timber industry ever prepared.

Two professors injured, an advertising executive and a timber industry lobbyist killed.

merchant

Branches of timber merchants , such as W H Newson, stock a range of hardwood mouldings for you to put up yourself.

Fancy designs are available from larger timber merchants , and give a lovely effect when lit from behind.

product

At the moment, about four-fifths of all the timber and timber products we use have to be imported.

In 1990, it imported over 900,000 cubic metres of tropical timber , and nearly eight million finished tropical timber products .

Cellular plastic has a high insulation value, four times greater than similar timber products .

production

The first crop, taken out at intervals of 30 years or more, was that of standard trees for timber production .

Nevertheless, the prime objective of forest management remains that of timber production .

New officers had to be appointed for the new objective of woodland management for timber production .

The site is a former quarry which is now managed for wildlife, informal recreation, environmental education and timber production .

roof

This problem did not extend to the roof timbers as this construction was very well ventilated.

The concealed roof timbers are then subjected to conditions of continual vaporisation and condensation which give rise to wet and dry rot.

The design and size of the roof timbers is governed by the Building Regulations and approved by the local authority.

A sudden spear of light strikes across the distempered roof timbers .

Most garages escape this problem since usually they have no ceiling boards or insulation and the roof timbers are left exposed.

They comprised a great hall of two storeys open to the roof timbers , solar, storage accommodation and bedchambers.

structure

If so, the timber structure need have been little more than the simplest type of tailor's dummy.

She was made of flexible bamboo, while the majority of the other rafts had been more massive, sturdy timber structures .

So far as the timber structure is concerned, you may not understand it, but it should look regular and well formed.

Early timber structures fell, in turn, into decay the last being demolished in 1798.

trade

One day it could be used by the timber trade as a guide for preserving the environment which pays their wages.

Baker of the timber trade group.

The organisation has the dual role of protecting both the rainforests and the interests of 47 nations involved in the timber trade .

The study identified a total of 1,868 species of tree involved in the world timber trade .

The seminar took the view that the timber trade helps preserve forests by giving them economic value.

yard

Eventually I got fed up with waiting and went round to the timber yard .

They also visit stone quarries, timber yards and specialist conservation studios and workshops.

Plain and simple mouldings can be bought at most timber yards and home decorating shops.

Then the conifers would have long since given up their job as nurses to the beeches and ended in a timber yard .

Along the length of the railway line were timber yards , rope works, maltings and an iron foundry.

There are many timber yards and a chemical industry using the imported oil.

We bought timber from a timber yard and went to another two builders' merchants for some specialised bits.

The first thing we saw was a large articulated lorry being loaded up in the timber yard .

■ VERB

build

It takes 900 separate pieces of oak to build a typical timber framed house.

They built timber groynes and constructed chalk banks and patched up breaches as they occurred.

Voice over Border Oak builds around 30 timber framed homes a year from manor houses to small cottages.

The earlier models were built with more conventional timber materials.

cut

If the blocks are cut from quarter-sawn timber durability will be improved over that of plain sawn timber.

It seemed the man had cut down some timber and wanted Ballantyne to purchase it.

Their axes sounded loud in the long wood as they cut the timber for their cooking fires.

For example, an owner of land could grant a licence to cut and remove standing timber .

Your men cut heavy baulks of timber: oak, elm, beech.

provide

It provided grazing land, timber , fruits and fuel, while remaining an undamaged wildlife habitat.

replace

In later Victorian buildings, iron beams and columns replaces timber in this arrangement.

Vaults have generally replaced the original timber roofs in the later Middle Ages and most churches have a detached, later campanile.

sell

In his assumed name of Brown he sold the timber to an innocent purchaser.

Several years ago, he said he was arrested for cutting and selling timber on state property.

B sold the timber to S. E then sued S for conversion of the timber.

support

The chains supporting the deck of timber are made of wrought-iron links which Brown had patented three years earlier.

The main hall of the palace is built over a large undercroft and has twin naves with columns supporting a timber roof.

Several horse-wheels survive in Northumberland, housed in circular buildings with their roofs supported by pillars of timber or stone.

The weatherboarded top was originally supported by the timber trestle, which has since been enclosed within a brick roundhouse.

use

You can use a timber off-cut to protect brick edges.

One day it could be used by the timber trade as a guide for preserving the environment which pays their wages.

Typically, one of the products could be Shaker boxes, using green unseasoned timber cut into very thin pieces.

Fixing shingles Because of the little maintenance they require I intend using shingles rather than timber cladding.

I don't think we used the timber more than five times in the whole round.

The crew salvaged some food and had a barbecue on which they grilled fish and birds using timber from the boat.

Another feature will be single wall construction, using a simple timber cladding without a brick facing.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

old-growth forests/rainforest/timber etc

But propaganda that all old-growth forests are being hacked down willy-nilly is nonsense.

Like the northern spotted owl, the tiny bird is dependent on old-growth forests.

The floors of old-growth forests tend to be fairly sterile because overhead canopies of leaves prevent light from reaching the ground.

The report has been welcomed by many legislators as the most authoritative and independent assessment of the old-growth timber industry ever prepared.

wine/coal/timber etc merchant

Branches of timber merchants , such as W H Newson, stock a range of hardwood mouldings for you to put up yourself.

Consumers should go there only with guidance from a capable wine merchant or reviewer.

Other services provided by Co-operative societies include undertakers, coal merchants and opticians.

Take time to shop around; get to know your local wine merchant or investigate your local supermarket.

The 13 coal merchants and some of the 12 corn and seed merchants no doubt operated from the wharf.

The worst was a coal merchant .

Whigham's Wine Cellar Attached to the famous wine merchants .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Adjustable shelving is still a very popular choice; timber and glass shelves are ideal for displaying ornaments.

After lying deserted it became a timber factory for a while in the 1960s.

Along the length of the railway line were timber yards, rope works, maltings and an iron foundry.

But government departments have no method of discovering the origin of the timber and paper that they use.

But it was no better outside: midges boiled in clouds out of the sodden peat around the saw-bed and the timber stacks.

It provided grazing land, timber , fruits and fuel, while remaining an undamaged wildlife habitat.

You can then treat the timber by spraying or brushing on two generous coats, working backwards towards the loft hatch.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.