Meaning of TREND in English

TREND

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

bucked...trend

Unemployment in the area has bucked the trend by falling over the last month.

downward trend

Share prices continued their downward trend .

reverse a trend

Immigration has increased sharply and reversing this trend will be extremely difficult.

set the pattern/trend (= do something in a way that is later repeated )

That first day seemed to set the pattern for the following weeks.

upward trend/movement

an upward trend in sales

a sharp upward movement in property prices

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

broad

These papers dealt with discrete groupings of glasses, which reflected specific aspects of ancient glass technology, and considered broader trends .

This review of the urban disturbances is important as it places the cities and the urban labour forces in broader economic trends .

clear

Conclusions: There is a fairly clear trend in all bands, apart from the oldest plants.

Not a great difference, but a clear trend .

The investigations revealed that there were, in fact, no clear trends .

However, it is clear that the trend is for water supply schemes to be financially self-supporting in the future.

There are a few clear trends , however.

That record also shows clear long-term trends , as well as fluctuations in rainfall and temperature.

Fifth, the study showed a clear trend towards facilities management.

current

Not much on contemporary art but a sprinkling of the new art history proves that publishers are aware of current trends .

Who knows, his storytelling skills may even have something to do with the current pop culture trends .

The range now offers two patterns in 10 soft colourways sympathetic to current bathroom decor trends .

But Mr Ringler says management plans to expand the remaining businesses by capitalizing on current industry trends and introducing new products.

The then current trends suggested a further 60 percent reduction in the long-stay population within ten years.

First a quick look at current marriage trends .

The current trend is to regard many issues of statutory interpretation as questions of law, or mixed law and fact.

demographic

What other relationships might exist between demographic and economic trends ?

Birth rates alone are not helpful in assessing the demographic trends .

As well as demographic trends these include such social and economic factors as alternative opportunities for employment and the supply of places.

At first this was because of high levels of youth unemployment and latterly because of demographic trends .

For starters, demographic trends are against it.

However, decisions regarding the provision of education can not be based solely on demographic trends .

Therefore many traditional notions about rural decline have to be modified to take account of the remarkable turn-around in demographic trends .

Focuses on the effects of income, housing costs, employment, education, housing supply, demographic trends and cultural factors.

downward

The slight improvements in the eighteenth century are important because they mark the beginning of the downward trend .

A: About Apple, yes, I do see the downward trend continuing.

Prospects for silver were bleak as the year's downward trend looked set to continue.

Again, a downward trend is evident.

This downward trend was so significant during this period that the average working day fell by around 1 hour.

This in turn has resulted in the downward trend in the value of her currency.

There were 263,515 marriages in 1999, continuing a downward trend since the peak of 426,241 in 1972.

The first day attendance of 35,051 continued the downward trend at major meetings.

economic

What other relationships might exist between demographic and economic trends ?

Major is struggling to get the voters to focus on positive economic trends .

In fact the Longbridge saga was more about global economic trends than currencies.

But they will practice it under pressures created by converging economic and social trends .

Already a £4.1 billion industry, quick-service restaurants continue to expand as quickly as ever, despite the economic trend .

Michael Ghiselin developed this idea further in 1974 and made some telling analogies with economic trends .

However, economic trends and social security changes appear to have undermined these strategies.

Despite some encouraging economic trends there is as yet no confirmed upturn in activity, and any recovery will be fragile.

future

Future trends in marital status Future trends in marital status are subject to some uncertainty.

Even worse, Hoover then attempted to estimate future trends based on the hazards observed between 1986 and 1990.

Table 7 Disability and dependency Future trends are uncertain.

And what future trends might be anticipated?

For these and other reasons, forecasts of future trends in such complex human behaviours as drug-taking are necessarily conditional and tentative.

The patterns of individual metal price changes will then be followed with the object of assessing future price trends .

More indicative of future trends than this rising from within the officer corps were the activities of the Petrashevtsy in the 1840s.

A prime indicator of future trends in many countries that attempt to manage the rates is the black market rate.

general

SmithKline Beecham was a notable faller against the general trend .

The first level, which discovers general trends in the forms of wings and beaks, is a case of statistical clustering.

Before looking at this group, I will first consider some general trends .

The rate may fall below that, depending on the general trend of interest rates.

But I can give you some idea of general trends in your life.

That is not evidence of a general trend .

The hon. Gentleman has not produced evidence of a general trend .

Nevertheless the general trend indicated is of a decrease in temperature.

growing

Mr Stafford Smith is doing his best to reverse the growing trend towards execution and so far he has been very successful.

It is also part of a growing trend .

Some of the pilgrims walked barefoot, a growing trend , at which we gasped.

It is part of a growing trend for television contractors to hive off their advertising sales.

The menu is based on shared items, which is a growing trend , there is music and we stay open late.

The growing trend towards private toll roads and bridges is directly contrary to our environmental needs.

This is a growing trend which meets the approval of EHOs.

It admitted being hit by the growing trend of big companies to place all their insurance business on a single policy.

late

This, according to the company's marketing executive Vanessa Lowe, is the latest trend in the sector.

This latest outdoors trend is enjoyed by a wide range of participants.

This, apparently, is the latest trend in the sector.

For those not in sync with the latest trends , microbrew is simply beer brewed in small, local breweries.

Keeping up with the latest hair trends as ever, Wella has just introduced Hair Sets in three variants.

Indeed, the latest microbrew trend actually harks back to ancient times, when brewers grabbed whatever flavorings were nearby.

You no longer take your vitamins in pill form these days - the latest trend is to rub them into your skin.

The latest trend , however, is barter.

major

The other major trend that is taking place is the rapid development of colour publishing.

The cable companies have been part of another major high-tech trend: installation of high-speed fiber-optic networks.

In fact, there are two aspects of the conventional approach that may make it difficult to pick out major trends .

Yet as the debate heated up in the mid nineties, gay men witnessed a major national trend in this direction.

This major social trend has widespread implications in different kinds of geography, not least in connection with elections.

Similarly, major trends could be lost because of focusing on minor perturbations, or vice versa.

national

Prior to 1982, unemployment among architects mirrored national trends .

Yet as the debate heated up in the mid nineties, gay men witnessed a major national trend in this direction.

The increase in male cancer rates in South-West Cumbria are in line with the national trends over the same period. 4.

The new leaders vowed to change the national trend of declining union membership.

Nor does this national trend appear to be atypical.

However, the study did not indicate that San Diego County housing kept pace with the national trend .

Cider is bucking the national trend ... beer sales fell by ten percent over the same period.

A prize of nearly £2,000 for top dairy cattle has encouraged a huge entry of 777 animals, bucking downward national trends .

new

Being alert to new trends , watching the costs and day-to-day profitability may be enough.

And there is even something of a new trend to look for positive news to report.

The company is small and flexible and can easily cope with new trends in designs.

But it is easy to predict the events that new trends will make more likely.

In the last decades of the nineteenth century certain new trends of long-term importance began to emerge.

But an Examiner computer analysis has uncovered a new trend: Human names are all the rage for canines.

Though viewed by many as a relic of the 1890s, she never lost her enthusiasm for new artistic trends .

The talk is followed by a panel discussion on new trends in families.

overall

Since the mid-'60s, in other words, the overall trend has been upwards.

Profitability ratios are very encouraging, with both the overall level and trend of earnings looking positive.

The overall trend , however, has been upward - an increase in real terms of 11.6 percent.

But in rapidly heating or cooling markets, new-home prices can signal a change in overall price trends .

It also begins to look at some of the processes which together make up these overall trends .

Nevertheless, the court noted that the overall trend in the statistics indicated a decrease in student enrollment and upheld the dismissals.

It smooths or blurs the image so that local deviations from the overall trend are removed.

Supply will depend on project approvals and interest rates -- not to mention overall trends in the economy.

present

Though the usual variation is present the upward trend is continued.

But if present trends continue, only 8, 880 will be available.

It may be that with the present trend towards measurement numerical classifications will come back into vogue.

However, on present trends , these goals will not be met.

On present trends the goal will slip again or be forgotten.

Slightly worrying is what we can expect from the ensuing composite present trend .

The long-term implications of these habitat losses for individual species, if the present trends continue, are likely to be disastrous.

The present idiotic trends can not go on for ever, and there could soon be drastic changes.

recent

Social polarization Recent trends have tended to produce greater social divisions between places.

Overlook recent sales trends , Harvey said.

The recent trend toward cognitive approaches to metaphor provides a means of formalizing such a conception.

Next week's unemployment figures are not expected to show any significant reversal in the recent upward trend .

In Britain, for example, there is no excuse for not knowing recent trends in the cost of living.

It is more of a walk through the literature and recent trends .

Historical documentation suggests that /a/ backing is a recent trend .

However, recent trends in farming practice have made agriculture even more incompatible with uncontrolled recreation.

rising

There has, moreover, been a continuously rising trend of absenteeism since the plant opened.

But the group warned that the upturn would not be enough to reverse the rising trend in unemployment.

A rising inflationary trend and a persistent fiscal deficit during 1990 were exacerbated by the continuing civil war and rising petrol prices.

In this age group, the long-term rising trend in casualties to infants both as pedestrians and passengers shows no significant downturn.

The Government's underlying aim is now to get growth back into the economy soas to reverse the rising trend in unemployment.

The underlying rising trend that existed before the introduction of the contract was, however, maintained.

significant

The research revealed several significant trends .

Its pioneering clients generated enormous publicity, but is a significant trend likely?

A significant trend is taking place from measuring practitioners' competence and activity to measuring health outcomes in populations.

One of the most significant trends in recent years may prove to be the growth of religious consciousness in the West.

The number of cross-tabulations involved is very large, and significant trends are easily lost.

similar

A similar trend is also developing whereby parents sell their home when their children have established an independent existence.

There may be similar trends in imprisonment in other advanced capitalist societies which face similar economic and social problems to Britain.

In those aged 60-69 years similar trends were observed only for fasting triglyceride.

A similar trend is evident for acute health problems.

A similar upward trend is evident in potential demand, with the increasing number of smaller households.

Goods traffic on the roads will show a similar upward trend .

This relation was most apparent among never users of oral contraceptives, although similar trends were found among current and former users.

Since 1971 this growth has continued, and a similar trend is evident in all Western industrial capitalist societies.

social

Those who believe that the family is a major force for good in our society should strive to move against this social trend .

But they will practice it under pressures created by converging economic and social trends .

Consumption patterns are influenced by many factors, including social trends , prosperity and industrialisation.

In the rest of the country, and in post-Plague London, the change was due to social trends more than anything else.

This is part of a general social trend to increase customer choice and to limit the power of professionals.

But nothing we could do would reverse fundamental social trends which were producing more and more lone parents.

A new intellectual independence can also be correlated with longer-term social trends .

Health and personal social services expenditure trends are harder to interpret.

underlying

He also reckons there are underlying growth trends in the market for connecting personal computers to networks.

Share prices follow a random walk without any underlying trend . 5.

The annual rate of inflation for June was lower at 3.9%, and the underlying trend appears downward.

Grouping data in this way obscures the underlying trend .

The annual report artificially parcels up the underlying economic trends into years.

By comparing a series of annual reports the chances of seeing the underlying trends are so much greater.

In such situations, smoothing aims to remove the error component and leave the underlying true trend .

The underlying rising trend that existed before the introduction of the contract was, however, maintained.

upward

Though the usual variation is present the upward trend is continued.

In all three areas, the numbers showed a steady upward trend .

Next week's unemployment figures are not expected to show any significant reversal in the recent upward trend .

Then, from 1957 to 1980, as the labor consultants appear, there is a steady upward trend .

Linear and quadratic time trends were included to control for the upward trend in volume.

A similar upward trend is evident in potential demand, with the increasing number of smaller households.

With golf still increasing in popularity, this upward trend shows no sign of abating.

Goods traffic on the roads will show a similar upward trend .

■ VERB

buck

Last year it took 32 % of the mobile phone market and is looking to buck the worldwide trend .

Some tech issues bucked the selling trend .

Though initial offerings in a handful of years did buck this trend , they did so by tiny amounts.

Wisconsin Central Transportation Corp. bucked the trend , gaining 3 3 / 4 to 77 1 / 4.

The shares bucked the market trend , rising one penny to 491p.

Every so often, some one would buck the trend: in 1982 Mr Kinnock was dropped from the slate, but kept his place.

Companies making products for the Internet bucked the trend and held up well in the fourth quarter.

continue

There were 263,515 marriages in 1999, continuing a downward trend since the peak of 426,241 in 1972.

Charging investors for reinvesting dividends continues a trend of higher fees on Wall Street.

The first day attendance of 35,051 continued the downward trend at major meetings.

Natural Born Killers continued this trend .

Total employed labour on farms fell by six percent continuing the long term trend decline.

The manufactured-housing group is expected to continue its trend toward higher earnings.

The current volume continues the trend in previous editions of increasing the emphasis on clinical information.

AnnTaylor continued to miss fashion trends and posted a 14 percent same-store sales decline.

disturb

Showed disturbing trend in blowing double-digit leads and having to come back late in wins over Cal and Stanford.

Mercy and others who track violence see two disturbing trends , also reflected locally: Guns increasingly are used to settle disputes.

The study also showed a disturbing trend in another area: hours worked.

And there is a further disturbing trend: A few medical ethicists are being paid fees for their consultative services.

expect

The University expects this trend to continue.

The manufactured-housing group is expected to continue its trend toward higher earnings.

Henry Kaufman, the economist and investment analyst, might be expected to welcome the trend .

But analysts expect the bullish trend to continue.

Bayer expects the current trend to have continued in Q4 of 1991.

I expect to see the trend continue if sensible policies continue to be pursued.

follow

Lesson four: don't follow trends Like Buddhism and Epping Forest, the road to fitness has many paths.

In doing so, it was no doubt following a world trend .

A south-southeast-trending gravity high follows the trend of the 1989 fracture system and is displaced 100m west.

Physicians were both following and encouraging the trend for thinness.

In general terms the price series produced follow one of three trends .

identify

To identify changes and trends in trade and consumer practices and as a consequence research and recommend appropriate enforcement/advisory techniques.

Examine your sales records to identify trends .

But, if I were to identify a trend , I would do so on a retailing analogy.

It will be much more difficult to identify one design trend .

The data thus collected will be used to identify trends in the technologies studied.

increase

The action reversed a trend in which the two countries appeared to be edging ever so slightly toward increased cooperation.

Return on sales is currently just below the industry average of 3. 5 percent, and shows a rapidly increasing trend .

reflect

The exclusion from patent of computer programs reflects international trends .

The rise of these organizations reflects the trend toward special-interest politics that has accompanied the decline of the political party.

Art, being the alter-ego of Religion, reflects this trend , albeit at an intensified rate.

The focus on households with children reflects recent trends in economic welfare in Britain.

Reported opioid misuse seems to reflect this trend .

reverse

Mr Stafford Smith is doing his best to reverse the growing trend towards execution and so far he has been very successful.

The action reversed a trend in which the two countries appeared to be edging ever so slightly toward increased cooperation.

Parts and accessories sales declined sharply, reversing an earlier trend .

Tyler had been charged with reversing this trend .

Liberal Democrats will reverse this trend by: Creating safe and secure communities.

The conference was misleadingly regarded as a success and as reversing the trend in relations.

Both the president and the Republican Congress want to reverse that trend with broadly similar plans.

set

It caught on over here some years later with the Seven Men of Preston setting the trend .

The bank rate sets the trend for home, vehicle and other consumer loans.

But although the sensationally styled Calibra sets the trend , it is by no means the only exponent of the field.

The rate, which sets the trend for home and other consumer loans, is now at its lowest since November 1994.

Uproar, laughter, lots of silly grins and had it set a trend ?

show

Standardised mortality ratios from cardiovascular disease showed no trend with placental weight.

In all three areas, the numbers showed a steady upward trend .

Written sources provide systematic periodic data that can show trends and provide other relevant facts.

Return on sales is currently just below the industry average of 3. 5 percent, and shows a rapidly increasing trend .

These measurements, which will show trends in energy use, identify areas needing urgent attention.

The study also showed a disturbing trend in another area: hours worked.

It can happen, however, that records kept during some interventions show a worsening trend .

No other morphometric or laboratory parameter showed such a constant trend at the individual level.

start

McLaren started the trend a few years ago by bringing along a motor home which, when parked, then expanded skywards.

Maybe it will start a trend .

If that were all, I'd applaud it as a wise and public-spirited action and I hope it starts a trend .

So, I guess I started supporting Leeds just as they started their downward trend .

Arkansas Coach Danny Ford started the trend with a 17-16 win in September.

I thought that I would start my own trend , an all-in-one suit.

We started the trend in part-exchange, for example.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

follow a pattern/course/trend etc

For troubled marriages, researcher Karen Kayser has found, follow a pattern.

He followed a pattern set two years ago by former Sen.

In this venture, Clinton is following a course set by a number of his predecessors.

Lesson four: don't follow trends Like Buddhism and Epping Forest, the road to fitness has many paths.

The results of these contradictions tend to follow a pattern.

These sections naturally follow one from the other, and thus the organization of the headings in these two chapters follows patterns.

This observation follows a pattern frequently encountered in research in this area.

style-setter/trend-setter/standard-setter etc

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

A lot of the students here don't think for themselves, they just follow the latest trends.

If current trends continue, tourism in the state will increase by 10%.

If present trends continue, the earth will be considerably warmer in fifty years.

Our managers are very alert to new trends in the industry.

The current trend in this area is towards part-time employment.

There is a growing trend towards payment by credit card.

Today we'll be examining the latest trends in kitchen design

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Dallas and Houston also bucked the trend .

In fact the Longbridge saga was more about global economic trends than currencies.

Indeed, this trend to the right is more pronounced among prelaw students, especially the men, than among all freshmen.

Lately, it seems to me that this is becoming a trend .

The massive trend , from 1965 to 1980, towards diversification is now largely seen to have been a mistake.

This latter connection is important because it emphasises a probable key trend .

Together these trends have produced the own-label threat.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.