Meaning of ARTIFICIAL in English

ARTIFICIAL

ar ‧ ti ‧ fi ‧ cial S3 /ˌɑːtəˈfɪʃ ə l◂, ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃ ə l◂ $ ˌɑːr-/ BrE AmE adjective [usually before noun]

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: artificiel , from Latin artificialis , from artificium ; ⇨ ↑ artifice ]

1 . not real or not made of natural things but made to be like something that is real or natural SYN false OPP natural :

artificial flowers

artificial light

artificial fertilizers

2 . an artificial situation or quality exists because someone has made it exist, and not because it is really necessary:

artificial distinctions

artificial barriers of gender and race

3 . artificial behaviour is not sincere – used to show disapproval OPP genuine :

an artificial smile

—artificially adverb :

Food prices are being kept artificially low.

—artificiality /ˌɑːtəfɪʃiˈæləti, ˌɑːtɪfɪʃiˈæləti $ ˌɑːr-/ noun [uncountable]

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ nouns

▪ artificial light/lighting

Energy is being wasted by using artificial lighting when daylight is adequate.

▪ artificial sweeteners (=used to make food or drink taste sweeter)

Diet drinks contain artificial sweeteners like saccharin.

▪ artificial colours (=used in food)

I try to buy food that is free from artificial colours.

▪ artificial flavours

Ice cream often has artificial flavours in it.

▪ artificial additives (=used to give food more colour or taste)

Artificial additives such as colourings, sweeteners and flavour enhancers aren’t permitted in baby foods.

▪ artificial preservatives (=used to preserve food)

This jam has no artificial preservatives.

▪ artificial flowers

a vase of stiff-looking artificial flowers

▪ an artificial environment

Animals hate being confined in an artificial environment.

▪ artificial grass

artificial grass tennis courts

▪ artificial snow

Some ski resorts use huge amounts of artificial snow.

▪ an artificial pitch British English

The club is building a new artificial training pitch at its sports ground.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ artificial not real or natural, but made to look or work like something real or natural:

artificial flowers

|

He was given an artificial heart.

▪ synthetic made using chemical processes rather than by natural processes:

synthetic fabrics

|

a synthetic version of the drug

▪ man-made made by people – used especially about geographical features and materials:

a man-made lake

|

man-made fibres

▪ fake made to look or seem like something else, especially in order to deceive people:

a fake passport

|

fake fur

▪ imitation made to look like something, but not real – used especially about guns, jewellery, and leather:

imitation firearms

|

imitation pearls

▪ false artificial – used especially about teeth, ↑ eyelash es , and ↑ beard s :

a set of false teeth

▪ simulated not real, but made to look, sound, or feel real, especially by means of special computers or machines:

a simulated space flight

▪ virtual made, done, seen etc on a computer, rather than in the real world:

a virtual tour of the garden

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.