Meaning of BUILDING in English
build ‧ ing S1 W1 /ˈbɪldɪŋ/ BrE AmE noun
[ Word Family: noun : ↑ build , ↑ builder , ↑ building ; verb : ↑ build , ↑ rebuild ; adjective : ↑ built ]
1 . [countable] a structure such as a house, church, or factory, that has a roof and walls:
The offices are on the top two floors of the building.
a farmhouse and other farm buildings
2 . [uncountable] the process or business of building things ⇨ construction :
There is a limited supply of land for building.
stone, timber, and other building materials
The enquiry recommended the building of a tunnel.
• • •
▪ put up a building ( also erect a building formal )
They keep pulling down the old buildings and putting up new ones.
▪ pull down/knock down/tear down a building
All the medieval buildings were torn down.
▪ demolish/destroy a building (=pull it down)
Permission is needed to demolish listed buildings.
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + building
▪ a tall building
The park was surrounded by tall buildings.
▪ a high-rise building (=very tall with many floors)
a New York high-rise building
▪ a low building
That low building is a stable block.
▪ an office/school/hospital etc building
Our office building is just ten minutes’ walk from where I live.
▪ a public building
The town has a number of interesting public buildings, including the old town hall.
▪ a beautiful building ( also a fine/handsome building British English )
The old station was a fine building, but has sadly been demolished.
▪ an impressive/imposing building
the impressive buildings around the town’s central square
▪ a brick/stone/wooden building
The farmhouse is a long stone building about a century old.
▪ a two-storey/three-storey etc building (=with two, three etc floors)
Our villa was a delightful two-storey building.
▪ a single-storey/one-storey building (=with only one floor)
▪ a historic building (=an old building of historical interest)
Most of the historic buildings are from the 18th century.
▪ a listed building British English (=a historic building that is protected by a government order)
The school is actually a listed building.
▪ a derelict building (=empty and in very bad condition)
Near the canal there are a number of derelict buildings.
▪ a dilapidated building (=in bad condition)
He rented an apartment at the top of a dilapidated building in Paris.
▪ a ramshackle building ( also a tumbledown building British English ) (=old and almost falling down)
The farm was surrounded by tumbledown buildings.
• • •
▪ building a structure such as a house, church, or factory, that has a roof and walls:
The college needs money to pay for new buildings.
▪ property formal a building or piece of land, or both together - used especially when talking about buying and selling buildings or land:
The next property they looked at was too small.
The company received permission to build six residential properties on the land.
▪ premises formal the buildings and land that a shop, restaurant, company etc uses:
You are not allowed to drink alcohol on the premises.
The bread is baked on the premises.
▪ complex a group of buildings, or a large building with many parts, used for a particular purpose:
The town has one of the best leisure complexes in the country.
a luxury apartment complex
▪ development a group of new buildings that have all been planned and built together on the same piece of land:
a new housing development
a huge industrial development
▪ block especially British English a large tall building that contains apartments or offices, or is part of a school, university, or hospital:
an office block
a block of flats
a tower block (=a very tall building - often used disapprovingly)
My next lecture is in the science block.
▪ facility especially American English a place or building used for a particular activity or industry:
a research facility on campus
▪ edifice formal a large building, especially one that is tall and impressive - a very formal use:
Their head office was an imposing edifice.
▪ structure formal something that has been made to stand upright - used especially when talking about buildings:
The stone arch is one of the town’s oldest existing structures.
an immense barn-like structure
Mogul calls this building, designed by Donald and John Parkinson in 1928, ‘the most important structure in Los Angeles of the 20th century.’
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012