Meaning of CONDUCT in English

CONDUCT

I. con ‧ duct 1 W2 AC /kənˈdʌkt/ BrE AmE verb

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: conductus , past participle of conducere ; CONDUCE ]

1 . CARRY OUT [transitive] to carry out a particular activity or process, especially in order to get information or prove facts

conduct a survey/investigation/review etc

We are conducting a survey of consumer attitudes towards organic food.

conduct an experiment/a test

Is it really necessary to conduct experiments on animals?

conduct a campaign

They conducted a campaign of bombings and assassinations.

conduct an interview

The interview was conducted in English.

The memorial service was conducted by the Rev. David Prior.

It was the first time that I had conducted business in Brazil.

REGISTER

In everyday English, people usually say do or carry out rather than conduct :

They’re doing a survey of opinions about organic food.

2 . MUSIC [intransitive and transitive] to stand in front of a group of musicians or singers and direct their playing or singing ⇨ conductor

conduct an orchestra/choir

The orchestra is conducted by John Williams.

Who will be conducting?

3 . BEHAVE conduct yourself formal to behave in a particular way, especially in a situation where people judge you by the way you behave:

The players conducted themselves impeccably, both on and off the field.

4 . ELECTRICITY/HEAT [transitive] if something conducts electricity or heat, it allows electricity or heat to travel along or through it ⇨ conductor :

Aluminium, being a metal, readily conducts heat.

5 . SHOW SOMEBODY SOMETHING [transitive always + adverb/preposition] formal to take or lead someone somewhere

conduct somebody to something

On arrival, I was conducted to the commandant’s office.

conducted tour (of something) (=a tour of a building, city, or area with someone who tells you about that place)

a conducted tour of Berlin

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ nouns

▪ conduct research

He’s conducting educational research at the University of Washington.

▪ conduct a survey

They conducted a survey of students’ careers one year after graduation.

▪ conduct a study/review

Scientists conducted a study of the area affected by the nuclear disaster.

▪ conduct an investigation/inquiry

Experts conducted an investigation into the causes of the crash.

▪ conduct an interview

Here are a few guidelines on how to conduct an interview.

▪ conduct a campaign

The party was criticized for the way it had conducted its election campaign.

▪ conduct a test/experiment

Investigators will be conducting tests to determine how the man died.

▪ conduct a search

The Spanish authorities conducted a nationwide search for the girl.

▪ conduct (a) business

The company had been conducting a lot of business in Latin America.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ do to do something – used in the following phrases: do your work/homework etc :

It usually takes me a couple of hours to do my homework.

| do the shopping/cooking/washing etc :

She’s gone to the supermarket to do the shopping.

| do a test/experiment/some research :

The doctor did some tests.

|

Fraser spent some time in Egypt doing some archaeological research.

|

Scientists are doing research on two types of vaccine.

| do a course :

Have you decided which course you want to do at university?

▪ make to do something – used in the following phrases: make a speech :

The Prince made a short speech.

| make a comment/suggestion/joke :

Can I make a suggestion?

| make a decision :

The committee will meet to make their final decision.

| make a mistake :

I think someone has made a mistake.

▪ give to do something – used in the following phrases: give a talk/speech/lecture :

They’ve asked him to give a talk.

| give a performance :

The band gave a brilliant performance.

▪ take to do something – used in the following phrases: take a test/exam :

Kate’s taking her driving test tomorrow.

| take a bath/shower :

I think I’ll go and take a shower.

| take a walk :

Normally, he took a walk in the evenings.

▪ commit to do something that is a crime, especially a serious crime: commit a crime :

The crime was committed in the early hours of the morning.

| commit a robbery/murder etc :

Dixon later admitted committing the robbery.

▪ carry out something to do something – used in the following phrases: carry out your work :

The violence is making it difficult for firefighters to carry out their work.

| carry out a task/duty :

He still managed to carry out his duties.

| carry out a survey/test/some research :

The hospital carries out research into skin diseases.

| carry out an operation :

The operation was carried out at a hospital in Paris.

| carry out a threat/promise :

They didn’t carry out their threat to kill the hostages.

| carry out sb’s orders/instructions/wishes :

I’m sure I can rely on you to carry out my instructions.

▪ perform to do something. Perform is more formal than carry out , and is used in the following phrases: perform a task/duty :

The job mostly involves performing administrative tasks.

| perform an operation :

A team of surgeons performed the operation.

▪ conduct to do something – used in the following phrases: conduct a survey/study/experiment :

They conducted a survey of approximately 2,000 people living in the area.

| conduct an inquiry/investigation :

The police are conducting an investigation into the cause of the fire.

| conduct an interview :

Knowing how to conduct a successful interview is a skill.

| conduct a campaign :

People were unimpressed by the way in which the election campaign was conducted.

▪ go about something to do your work or the things that you usually do, especially when something serious has happened: go about your work/business :

The next day she went about her business as if nothing had happened.

▪ get on with something spoken especially British English to start doing something that you should have started already or to continue doing something that you stopped doing for a short time:

I need to get on with my homework.

▪ be up to something spoken to be doing something that you think is probably bad, although you do not know exactly what it is:

I’m sure they’re up to something.

|

What’s Jake up to? He’s been upstairs in his room all day.

II. con ‧ duct 2 W3 AC /ˈkɒndʌkt $ ˈkɑːn-/ BrE AmE noun [uncountable] formal

1 . the way someone behaves, especially in public, in their job etc SYN behaviour :

The Senator’s conduct is being investigated by the Ethics Committee.

an inquiry into the conduct of the police

ethical/professional etc conduct

the Law Society’s Code of Professional Conduct

improper/violent/offensive etc conduct

his arrest for disorderly conduct (=noisy violent behaviour)

2 . conduct of something the way in which an activity is organized and carried out:

complaints about the conduct of the elections

Disclosure of information would compromise the proper conduct of the investigation.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ adjectives

▪ professional conduct

There are strict rules that regulate lawyers’ professional conduct.

▪ sexual conduct

The politician’s sexual conduct had caused scandal.

▪ violent conduct

Their goalkeeper was sent off the field for violent conduct.

▪ disorderly conduct (=behaving in a noisy or violent way in public)

Her husband was arrested for drunkenness and disorderly conduct.

▪ criminal conduct

In some cases of bullying, pupils may be guilty of criminal conduct.

▪ proper/improper conduct (=correct/incorrect behaviour according to the normal rules or standards)

There was no evidence of improper conduct on the part of the police.

▪ personal conduct

You are expected to maintain a high standard of personal conduct at work.

▪ unsportsmanlike conduct (=behaviour that is not acceptable in a fair competition)

He swore at the referee, and was penalized for unsportsmanlike conduct.

▪ human conduct

Societies have certain rules for normal human conduct.

■ phrases

▪ a code of conduct (=a set of rules stating how you must behave)

All professions have a code of conduct.

▪ rules/standards of conduct

In war, there are established rules of conduct.

▪ a course of conduct (=a set of actions)

The court said that when Harris had embarked on this course of conduct, he knew that it would put lives at risk.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ behaviour British English , behavior American English the way someone behaves:

Chemicals added to food may be responsible for children’s bad behaviour.

|

Tatsuya apologized for his behaviour towards me.

▪ conduct formal the way someone behaves in public or in their job – used mainly in official or legal contexts:

Bates was arrested and charged with disorderly conduct (=noisy and violent) .

|

The committee found him guilty of unsatisfactory professional conduct.

▪ manner the way someone behaves when they are talking to or dealing with other people, which is shown in their expression, their voice etc:

She had a pleasant friendly manner.

|

Suddenly his whole manner changed, and he started shouting.

|

His initial manner towards her had been rather formal.

▪ demeanour British English , demeanor American English formal the way someone looks and behaves, which shows you something about their character or feelings:

She maintained a calm demeanour at all times.

|

Wenger’s demeanour suggested that he was not happy with the situation.

▪ antics someone’s behaviour – used when you think it is silly, funny, strange, or annoying:

The drunken antics of some English football fans has brought shame on the country.

|

The actor is becoming known for his increasingly bizarre off-screen antics.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.