Meaning of CORRELATION in English

CORRELATION

cor ‧ re ‧ la ‧ tion /ˌkɒrəˈleɪʃ ə n, ˌkɒrɪˈleɪʃ ə n $ ˌkɔː-, ˌkɑː-/ BrE AmE noun

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Medieval Latin ; Origin: correlatio , from Latin com- ( ⇨ COM- ) + relatio 'relation' ]

[uncountable and countable] a connection between two ideas, facts etc, especially when one may be the cause of the other

correlation between

a strong correlation between urban deprivation and poor health

strong/high/close/significant etc correlation

There is a direct correlation between the best-known brands and the best-selling brands.

correlation with

There’s also some correlation with social class.

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COLLOCATIONS

■ adjectives

▪ a significant correlation

There is no significant correlation between age and work performance.

▪ a strong/high/close correlation

They found evidence of a high correlation between drinking and violence.

▪ a direct correlation

Research shows a direct correlation between TV viewing and poor academic work.

▪ a clear/obvious correlation

There is a clear correlation between carbon dioxide emissions and global warming.

▪ a positive correlation (=showing that two things are likely to exist together)

They found a positive correlation between good diet and life expectancy.

▪ a negative correlation (=showing that two things are not likely to exist together)

Is there a negative correlation between a person's weight and the distance they walk on an average day?

■ verbs

▪ show a correlation

Studies have shown a correlation between recession and property crime.

▪ find a correlation

Researchers failed to find any correlation between the two.

▪ observe a correlation

A correlation has been observed between untidiness and creativity.

▪ a correlation exists between something and something

A strong correlation exists between social class and exam success.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.