Meaning of -EN in English

-EN

-en / ə n/ BrE AmE suffix

[ Sense 1: Language: Old English ]

[ Sense 2: Language: Old English ; Origin: -nian ]

1 . [in adjectives] made of a particular material or substance:

a golden crown

wooden seats

2 . [in verbs] to make something have a particular quality:

darken (=make or become dark)

strengthen (=make or become stronger)

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.