Meaning of GREEN in English

GREEN

I. green 1 S1 W2 /ɡriːn/ BrE AmE adjective

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ green , ↑ greenery , greens, the greening; adjective : ↑ green , ↑ greenish ; verb : ↑ green ]

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: grene ]

1 . COLOUR having the colour of grass or leaves:

beautiful green eyes

Raw coffee beans are green in colour.

dark/light/pale/bright green

a dark green dress

⇨ ↑ bottle green , ↑ lime green , ↑ pea green , ⇨ olive green at ↑ olive (3)

2 . GRASSY covered with grass, trees, bushes etc:

green fields

3 . FRUIT/PLANT not yet ready to be eaten, or very young:

The bananas are still green.

tiny green shoots of new grass

4 . ENVIRONMENT

a) ( also Green ) [only before noun] connected with the environment or its protection:

green issues such as the greenhouse effect and global warming

He was an early champion of green politics.

b) harming the environment as little as possible:

We need to develop greener cleaning products.

The industry has promised to go green (=change so that it harms the environment less) .

5 . WITHOUT EXPERIENCE informal young and lacking experience SYN naive :

I was pretty green then; I had a lot of things to learn.

6 . ILL informal looking pale and unhealthy because you are ill:

George looked a bit green the next morning.

look green about/around the gills (=look pale and ill)

7 . green with envy wishing very much that you had something that someone else has

8 . the green-eyed monster literary ↑ jealousy – often used humorously

9 . have green fingers British English , have a green thumb American English to be good at making plants grow

10 . the green stuff American English informal money

—greenness noun [uncountable]

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ environmentally friendly not harmful to the environment:

Cycling is very environmentally friendly.

|

environmentally friendly holidays

|

Is there such a thing as an environmentally friendly car?

▪ eco-friendly [usually before noun] not harmful to the environment – used especially about products:

We always try to use eco-friendly cleaning products.

|

eco-friendly coffins made from newspapers

▪ green [usually before noun] not harmful to the environment – used especially in the following phrases:

green products

|

green technology

|

green energy

|

It was voted the greenest building in Britain.

▪ clean [usually before noun] clean fuels or forms of energy do not release any harmful substances into the atmosphere:

We need cleaner fuels for cars and other road vehicles.

|

clean energy sources such as solar panels and wind turbines

▪ renewable renewable energy comes from sources that can be easily replaced naturally, so that there is always more available:

The building is heated using renewable energy from the sun.

|

The government needs to invest more in renewable energy sources.

|

Wind power is renewable and produces no greenhouse gases during operation.

▪ sustainable using the earth’s resources, without causing damage to the environment – used especially about farming, ways of living, and development:

The flowers are produced to high environmental standards using sustainable farming methods.

|

Many people want to lead more sustainable lifestyles and to conserve the planet’s resources.

|

sustainable use of the world’s resources

▪ carbon-neutral balancing the amount of carbon gases that you put into the earth’s atmosphere with other activities that will effectively reduce the amount of carbon gases, for example by planting trees:

a carbon-neutral company

|

Stirling is aiming to become the UK’s first carbon neutral city.

|

All new homes will be carbon-neutral.

▪ low-carbon [usually before noun] producing only a small amount of carbon:

Research is being done into the development of low-carbon electricity.

|

We will need to have a low-carbon economy.

▪ low-energy [usually before noun] low-energy buildings and lightbulbs use very little energy:

Position is a key factor in the design of a low-energy house.

II. green 2 S2 W3 BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ green , ↑ greenery , greens, the greening; adjective : ↑ green , ↑ greenish ; verb : ↑ green ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] the colour of grass and leaves:

a room decorated in pale blues and greens

different shades of green

2 . greens [plural] informal vegetables with large green leaves:

Eat your greens.

3 . [countable] a level area of grass, especially in the middle of a village:

I walked home across the green.

⇨ ↑ village green

4 . [countable] a smooth flat area of grass around each hole on a ↑ golf course :

the 18th green

5 . Green [countable] someone who belongs to or supports a political party which thinks the protection of the environment is very important:

The Greens have 254 candidates in the election.

III. green 3 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ green , ↑ greenery , greens, the greening; adjective : ↑ green , ↑ greenish ; verb : ↑ green ]

1 . to fill an area with growing plants in order to make it more attractive:

Existing derelict land is needed for greening the cities.

2 . to make a person or organization realize the importance of environmental problems

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.