Meaning of GROWTH in English
growth S3 W1 /ɡrəʊθ $ ɡroʊθ/ BrE AmE noun
[ Word Family: noun : ↑ grower , ↑ growth , ↑ undergrowth , ↑ outgrowth , ↑ overgrowth ; adjective : growing, ↑ grown , ↑ overgrown ; verb : ↑ grow , ↑ outgrow ]
[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Origin: grow ]
1 . INCREASE [singular, uncountable] an increase in amount, number, or size OPP decline
We’ve seen an enormous growth in the number of businesses using the Web.
the rapid growth of world population
the recent growth of interest in African music
2 . BUSINESS/ECONOMY [singular, uncountable] an increase in the value of goods or services produced and sold by a business or a country OPP decline :
measures to stimulate economic growth
strong/rapid/slow etc growth
a period of rapid growth in the economy
The company is preparing for zero growth (=no growth) this year.
Debt collection is a huge growth industry.
3 . SIZE/STRENGTH [singular, uncountable] the development of the physical size, strength etc of a person, animal, or plant over a period of time:
Vitamins are essential for healthy growth.
a means of stimulating plant growth
a growth hormone (=substance in the body that causes you to grow)
4 . IMPORTANCE [singular, uncountable] a gradual increase in the importance or influence that something has
Cinemas declined with the growth of television.
5 . PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT [uncountable] the development of someone’s character, intelligence, or emotions:
A loving home is essential for a child’s personal growth.
emotional/intellectual/spiritual etc growth
the journey toward spiritual growth
6 . DISEASE [countable] a swelling on or inside a person, animal, or plant, caused by disease ⇨ tumour :
a cancerous growth
a growth on his lung
7 . GROWING THING [uncountable and countable] something that has grown:
Feed the plants to encourage new growth.
His chin bore a thick growth of stubble.
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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)
From the mid 1970s to the mid 1980s there was very rapid growth.
Many industries are expecting strong growth this year.
The business has a history of steady growth.
Economists are forecasting a period of slow growth.
▪ explosive growth (=very fast growth)
India and China are the developing countries with the most potential for explosive growth.
▪ zero growth
The budget was based around a forecast of zero growth in gross domestic product.
▪ economic growth
American aid was meant to kick-start the country’s economic growth.
▪ annual growth
There was an annual growth of 4%.
■ growth + NOUN
▪ a growth area/industry
Nuclear energy will be the main growth area in the energy sector.
▪ the growth rate
The economic growth rate averaged only 1.4 percent.
▪ achieve growth
After the war, Europe achieved remarkable economic growth.
▪ maintain/sustain growth
Governments that want to survive have to maintain growth.
▪ stimulate/encourage/promote growth
Greater government spending may stimulate economic growth.
• • •
▪ increase noun [uncountable and countable] an occasion when the amount or number of something becomes bigger:
There has been a significant increase in violent crime over the past year.
▪ growth noun [singular, uncountable] an increase in the number, size, or importance of something. Growth is also used when saying that a company or a country’s economy becomes more successful:
The astonishing growth of the Internet has had a dramatic effect on people’s lives.
Japan experienced a period of rapid economic growth.
Many people are concerned about the enormous growth in the world’s population.
▪ rise noun [countable] an increase in the amount of something, or in the standard or level of something:
The latest figures show a sharp rise (=a sudden big rise) in unemployment in the region.
There was a 34 percent rise in the number of armed robberies.
The majority of families experienced a rise in living standards.
▪ surge noun [countable usually singular] a sudden increase in something such as profits, demand, or interest:
There has been a big surge in demand for organically grown food.
We have seen a tremendous surge of interest in Chinese medicine.
▪ gain noun [uncountable and countable] an increase in the amount or level of something - used especially in business or political contexts, or when talking about an increase in someone’s weight:
The December job figures show a net gain of 81,000 jobs.
The party has experienced a gain in popularity.
The amount of weight gain during pregnancy varies.
▪ hike noun [countable] informal especially American English a large or sudden increase in prices or taxes - often used in newspaper reports:
Despite a 25% hike in fuel costs, the airline made a profit last year.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012