Meaning of INSTRUCTION in English

INSTRUCTION

in ‧ struc ‧ tion S3 W2 AC /ɪnˈstrʌkʃ ə n/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ instruction , ↑ instructor ; adjective : ↑ instructive , ↑ instructional ; verb : ↑ instruct ; adverb : instructively]

1 . instructions [plural] the written information that tells you how to do or use something ⇨ directions :

Press ‘Enter’ and follow the on-screen instructions.

instructions for

Both products come with instructions for use.

instructions on (how to do) something

Are there any instructions on how to plant the trees?

2 . [countable usually plural] a statement telling someone what they must do ⇨ orders

instructions to do something

He had specific instructions to check everyone’s identity cards.

instructions that

Mrs Edwards gave instructions that she was not to be disturbed.

on sb’s instructions (=having been told by someone to do something)

On the landlord’s instructions, the barmaid refused to serve him.

My instructions are (=I have been told) to give the package to him personally.

Make sure you carry out the doctor’s instructions.

be under instruction to do something (=to have been told to do something)

The police were under instruction to fire if necessary.

3 . [uncountable] formal teaching that you are given in a particular skill or subject:

religious instruction

driving instruction

instruction in

The school gives instruction in first aid.

under instruction (=being taught)

This group of trainees is still under instruction.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ follow the instructions (=do what the instructions tell you to do)

You should follow the instructions on the packet.

▪ read the instructions

Always read the instructions before switching on the machine.

▪ provide/supply instructions (=give someone instructions)

Detailed instructions are supplied with the software.

▪ come with instructions

The tent comes with instructions on how to put it up.

▪ the instructions say/tell you to do something

The instructions say that you should take the tablets after meals.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + instructions

▪ clear

The instructions that I got with the phone weren't very clear.

▪ detailed

There are detailed instructions on the back of the box.

▪ written instructions

Each member of the team was issued with written instructions.

▪ full/comprehensive instructions (=very detailed)

There are comprehensive instructions for completing and filing the new tax form.

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Full instructions accompany the smoke alarm.

▪ step-by-step instructions (=giving details of each thing you should do in order)

This book gives step-by-step instructions for making curtains.

▪ the manufacturer’s instructions (=the instructions given by the company that made something)

Make up the mixture according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

▪ safety instructions

Written safety instructions should be supplied with all equipment.

▪ operating instructions

The operating instructions have been simplified so that they are easier to follow.

▪ cooking instructions

The cooking instructions can be found on the side of the packet.

■ instruction + NOUN

▪ an instruction book/manual

The instruction manual for the camera is over 150 pages long.

▪ an instruction booklet/leaflet/sheet

The washing machine comes with an instruction leaflet.

■ COMMON ERRORS

► Do not say ' instructions how to do something ' or 'instructions to do something '. Say instructions on how to do something .

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.