Meaning of LAMP in English

LAMP

lamp S3 /læmp/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 1100-1200 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: lampe , from Latin lampas , from Greek , from lampein 'to shine' ]

1 . an object that produces light by using electricity, oil, or gas

table/desk/bedside lamp

oil/electric/fluorescent lamp ⇨ ↑ fog lamp , ↑ headlamp , ↑ hurricane lamp , ↑ safety lamp , ↑ standard lamp

2 . a piece of electrical equipment used to provide a special kind of heat, especially as a medical treatment

infrared/ultraviolet lamp

⇨ ↑ sunlamp , ↑ blowlamp

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COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ switch/turn on a lamp

Dorothy switched on the desk lamp.

▪ switch/turn off a lamp

He switched off the lamp beside the bed.

▪ light a lamp

Elizabeth lit the lamps and started rebuilding the fire.

▪ a lamp burns

A silver lamp burned on the altar.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + lamp

▪ a table/desk/bedside lamp

He read by the light of the bedside lamp.

▪ an oil/kerosene/paraffin lamp (=lamps that you light with a flame)

The large room was lit by a paraffin lamp on a table.

▪ a street lamp

Harry stopped under a street lamp.

▪ a hurricane lamp (=a lamp with a strong glass cover, which protects the light from the wind)

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THESAURUS

▪ light something that produces light, especially electric light, to help you to see:

She switched the kitchen light on.

|

The lights in the house were all off.

▪ lamp an object that produces light by using electricity, oil, or gas - often used in names of lights:

a bedside lamp

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a street lamp

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a desk lamp

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a table lamp

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an old oil lamp

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a paraffin lamp

▪ lantern a lamp that you can carry, consisting of a metal container with glass sides that surrounds a flame or light:

The miners used lanterns which were lit by candles.

▪ torch British English , flashlight American English a small electric lamp that you carry in your hand:

We shone our torches around the cavern.

▪ candle a stick of wax with a string through the middle, which you burn to give light:

The restaurant was lit by candles.

▪ bulb the glass part of an electric light, that the light shines from:

a 100 watt bulb

|

an energy-saving light bulb

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.