Meaning of MACHINE in English

MACHINE

I. ma ‧ chine 1 S1 W1 /məˈʃiːn/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ machine , ↑ machinery , ↑ machinist , ↑ mechanic , mechanics, ↑ mechanism , ↑ mechanization ; adjective : ↑ mechanical , ↑ mechanized , ↑ mechanistic ; verb : ↑ machine , ↑ mechanize ; adverb : ↑ mechanically , ↑ mechanistically ]

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: Latin machina , from Greek mechane , from mechos 'way of doing things' ]

1 . a piece of equipment with moving parts that uses power such as electricity to do a particular job

washing/sewing etc machine

Is the washing machine working now?

Could you get me a coffee from the drinks machine?

The fax machine is broken.

switch/turn a machine on/off

Turn the machine off before removing the cover.

by machine

The letters are sorted by machine.

Did you put my dirty shirts in the machine (=washing machine) ?

I left a message for you on your machine (=telephone answering machine) .

The machine wouldn’t let me have any money (=cash machine) .

⇨ ↑ answering machine , ↑ cash machine , ↑ vending machine

2 . a computer:

My machine’s just crashed.

3 . a group of people who control and organize something – often used to show disapproval:

the bureaucrats of the party machine

the government’s propaganda machine

the powerful American war machine

4 . informal a vehicle, especially a ↑ motorbike :

Riders have to learn to handle their machines in all conditions.

That’s a mean machine (=very fast and attractive vehicle) you have there.

5 . a person or animal that does something very well or without having to think about it:

In the tiger, nature has produced the perfect hunting machine.

I’m not a golfing machine. I make mistakes just like anyone else.

6 . someone who seems to behave like a machine and to have no feelings or thoughts SYN automaton

7 . a well-oiled machine something that works very smoothly and effectively:

The office runs like a well-oiled machine.

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ switch on/turn on a machine

Turn the machine on and slowly add the hot liquid.

▪ switch off/turn off a machine

Is the tape machine switched off?

▪ operate/work a machine

Have you been taught to operate the machine properly?

▪ use a machine

Can you use the copy machine?

▪ a machine operates/works

The machine works using solar power.

▪ install a machine (=put it somewhere and connect it so it can be used)

300 new machines have been installed across the country.

▪ upgrade a machine (=add new and better parts to it or replace it with a better one)

How much will it cost to upgrade the machine?

■ types of machine

▪ a washing machine (=for washing clothes)

Put your dirty clothes straight in the washing machine.

▪ a sewing machine

Can I borrow your sewing machine to make some curtains?

▪ an answering machine (=for recording telephone messages)

There’s a message on the answering machine.

▪ a coffee machine (=for providing cups of coffee)

She was at the coffee machine last time I saw her.

▪ a vending machine (=for supplying drinks, chocolate bars etc)

You can buy hot drinks from the vending machine in the corridor.

▪ a cash/ATM machine (=for giving you money from your bank account)

I need to stop at a cash machine.

▪ a slot machine (=for putting coins in in order to try and win more money)

The casino has 500 slot machines.

▪ a life-support machine (=for keeping a very sick person alive)

He has been on a life-support machine since the accident.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ machine a piece of equipment with moving parts that uses power such as electricity to do a particular job:

a washing machine

|

an X-ray machine

|

Staff are trained to operate the machine.

▪ appliance formal a machine or piece of electrical equipment, usually a large one, that people use in the home:

The store sells kitchen appliances such as refrigerators, dishwashers, and toasters.

|

We carry out repairs on a range of household appliances.

▪ device a piece of equipment, usually a small electronic one, that does a special job:

electronic listening devices

|

50,000 people downloaded the music to computers or portable devices such as iPods.

|

The device is fitted to the car and can detect stationary objects ahead.

▪ gadget a small, useful, and cleverly-designed tool or machine:

high-tech gadgets

|

He buys all the latest gadgets.

▪ contraption a machine or piece of equipment that looks strange or complicated:

There was a bizarre contraption for polishing the floor.

II. machine 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ machine , ↑ machinery , ↑ machinist , ↑ mechanic , mechanics, ↑ mechanism , ↑ mechanization ; adjective : ↑ mechanical , ↑ mechanized , ↑ mechanistic ; verb : ↑ machine , ↑ mechanize ; adverb : ↑ mechanically , ↑ mechanistically ]

1 . to fasten pieces of cloth together using a sewing machine

2 . to make or shape something using a machine

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.