Meaning of MINIMUM in English

MINIMUM

I. min ‧ i ‧ mum 1 S2 W3 AC /ˈmɪnəməm, ˈmɪnɪməm/ BrE AmE adjective [only before noun]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ minimum , ↑ minimalism , ↑ minimalist ; adjective : ↑ minimal , ↑ minimum , ↑ minimalist ; adverb : ↑ minimally , ↑ minimum ; verb : ↑ minimize ]

the minimum number, degree, or amount of something is the smallest or least that is possible, allowed, or needed OPP maximum :

The minimum number of students we need to run the course is fifteen.

The minimum age for retirement is 55.

—minimum adverb :

You’ll need two tons of cement, minimum.

II. minimum 2 AC BrE AmE noun [singular]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ minimum , ↑ minimalism , ↑ minimalist ; adjective : ↑ minimal , ↑ minimum , ↑ minimalist ; adverb : ↑ minimally , ↑ minimum ; verb : ↑ minimize ]

[ Date: 1600-1700 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: minimus 'smallest' ]

1 . the smallest amount of something or number of things that is possible or necessary OPP maximum

a minimum of two hours/£1,000 etc

The judge recommended that he should serve a minimum of 12 years.

minimum of

He achieved enviable results with the minimum of effort.

absolute/bare minimum (=the very least amount or number)

Prison inmates are kept in tiny cells, with the bare minimum of furniture.

keep/reduce something to a minimum

She had reduced her consumption of fat and sugar to an absolute minimum.

2 . at a/the minimum used to say that if nothing else is done, this one thing should be done:

At a minimum, we must recruit two new teachers.

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COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ have a minimum of something

Candidates should have a minimum of five years’ work experience.

▪ keep something to a minimum (=to keep something at a low level)

Keep the noise to a minimum, will you?

▪ reduce something to a minimum (=make something less, so it is at a low level)

We want to reduce the environmental impact to a minimum.

▪ need a minimum of something ( also require a minimum of something formal )

We’ll need a minimum of two days to get this ready.

■ adjectives

▪ an absolute/bare minimum (=the very least amount)

He paid in five pounds, the bare minimum needed to keep the bank account open.

▪ the legal/statutory minimum (=the least amount the law says you must have)

The wage was often well below the legal minimum.

▪ the required/necessary minimum (=the least amount that you must have)

He received 35 votes, two more than the required minimum.

■ phrases

▪ with a minimum of fuss (=with very little anxious behaviour or activity)

They checked our passports with the minimum of fuss.

▪ with a minumum of effort (=with very little effort)

The house could be restored with a minimum of effort.

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THESAURUS

▪ limit the highest number, speed, temperature etc that is allowed by a law or rule:

He borrowed money up to the limit that the bank allowed.

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The speed limit is 65 m.p.h.

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There’s no limit on the amount of money that may be brought into the US.

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Pollution levels are over the official limit.

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Some families set limits on how much they spend on each other’s Christmas present.

▪ restrictions rules or laws that strictly control what you are allowed to do:

Travel restrictions might reduce the spread of the disease.

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Unions are pressing for restrictions on steel imports from Japan.

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Because of restrictions on reporting, newspapers were not allowed to cover the story.

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New restrictions have been imposed on immigration.

▪ limitations limits on what a person or thing is able to do – used especially when you would like to be able to do more:

The president was unwilling to accept limitations on his power.

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the limitations of the computer system

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Hikers should know their physical limitations and not take unnecessary risks.

▪ constraints facts or conditions that limit what you can do, for example not having enough time, money etc:

Financial constraints are forcing many people in their twenties to live with their parents.

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The last part of the show had to be cut because of time constraints.

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The constraints of prison life are sometimes too much for people to bear.

▪ maximum the largest number or amount that is possible, normal, or allowed:

Classes have a maximum of twenty students.

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What’s the maximum you can earn before you have to pay tax?

▪ minimum the smallest number or amount that is possible or allowed:

He was sentenced to a minimum of 25 years in prison.

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Our aim is to reduce the number of accidents to an absolute minimum.

▪ ceiling the largest number or amount of something that is officially allowed:

There is a ceiling on the amount of foreign investment.

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Import quotas may rise from the present ceiling of 18.5 million to 20 million.

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Congress was once again considering raising the federal debt ceiling.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.