Meaning of REPORT in English

REPORT

I. re ‧ port 1 S2 W1 /rɪˈpɔːt $ -ɔːrt/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ report , ↑ reporter , ↑ reportage , ↑ reporting ; verb : ↑ report ; adverb : ↑ reportedly ; adjective : ↑ unreported ]

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: reporter 'to report' , from Latin reportare , from portare 'to carry' ]

1 . a written or spoken description of a situation or event, giving people the information they need ⇨ account

report of/on/about

Colleges have to provide a written report on the progress of each student during the year.

2 . a piece of writing in a newspaper about something that is happening, or part of a news programme ⇨ reporter :

According to recent news reports, two of the victims are Americans.

report on/of

media reports of the food shortages

3 . an official document that carefully considers a particular subject

report on

a recent report on child abuse

4 . information that something has happened, which may or may not be true

report of

Police received reports of a bomb threat at the airport at 11:28 p.m.

Government officials have denied reports of rebel advances.

report that

a report that he had been killed

5 . British English a written statement by teachers about a child’s work at school, which is sent to his or her parents SYN report card American English

6 . British English someone who works for a particular manager:

Only Gordon’s direct reports are attending the course.

7 . formal the noise of an explosion or shot:

a loud report

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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 1)

■ verbs

▪ write a report

Her social worker has written a report on the case.

▪ make a report

We make regular progress reports to our manager.

▪ give a report (=make a report, usually a spoken one)

He came to the office to give his report in person.

▪ prepare a report

The surveyor will view the property and prepare a full report.

▪ submit a report formal (=give a written report to someone)

Doctors will have to submit weekly reports.

▪ a report says/states (that)

The report said that it would cost another £250 million to repair the damage.

■ ADJECTIVES

▪ a full/detailed report

A full report will be prepared for the next committee meeting.

▪ an official/formal report

Black graduates still face discrimination from employers, according to an official report.

▪ a written report

Mr Thomas asked me to send him a written report.

▪ a confidential report (=one that only a few people see)

He made a confidential report to UN headquarters in New York.

▪ an autopsy report ( also a post-mortem report British English ) (=that shows the results of an examination on a dead body to find the cause of death)

The autopsy report gave the cause of death as alcohol poisoning.

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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 4)

■ verbs

▪ receive a report

Amnesty has received repeated reports of violation of detention procedures.

▪ have a report (=receive one)

The police say they had reports of a gang shooting in East London.

▪ confirm a report

A spokesman refused to confirm reports that the aircraft had previously suffered an engine fire.

▪ deny a report

Government officials have denied reports of rebel advances.

▪ dismiss a report (=refuse to consider it because you believe it is not true)

A Treasury official yesterday dismissed the reports as ‘pure speculation’.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUNS + report

▪ an unconfirmed report (=not yet supported by official information)

There are unconfirmed reports that up to 2,000 people have been killed.

▪ an eyewitness/first-hand report (=from someone who saw what happened)

Some were beaten and tortured according to first-hand reports from former prisoners.

▪ a reliable report

On Sunday there were reliable reports of a group of whales off the Devon coast.

▪ an unofficial report

According to unofficial reports, the president had talks with Palestinian leaders.

▪ conflicting reports (=reports saying very different things)

Conflicting reports continued to emerge from the area.

▪ a misleading report (=likely to make you believe something that is not true)

This isn’t the first time the industry has published misleading reports based on incomplete data.

II. report 2 S2 W1 BrE AmE verb

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ report , ↑ reporter , ↑ reportage , ↑ reporting ; verb : ↑ report ; adverb : ↑ reportedly ; adjective : ↑ unreported ]

1 . NEWS [intransitive and transitive] to give people information about recent events, especially in newspapers and on television and radio ⇨ reporter :

This is Gavin Williams, reporting from the United Nations in New York.

We aim to report the news as fairly as possible.

The incident was widely reported in the national press.

report on

The Times sent her to Bangladesh to report on the floods.

report that

Journalists in Cairo reported that seven people had been shot.

report doing something

Witnesses reported seeing three people flee the scene.

2 . be reported to be/do something used to say that a statement has been made about someone or something, but you do not know if it is true ⇨ allege :

The stolen necklace is reported to be worth $57,000.

3 . JOB/WORK [intransitive and transitive] to tell someone about what has been happening, or what you are doing as part of your job

report (to somebody) on something

I’ve asked him to come back next week and report on his progress.

4 . PUBLIC STATEMENT [transitive] to officially give information to the public:

Doctors have reported a 13% increase in the number of people with heart disease.

5 . CRIME/ACCIDENT [transitive] to tell the police or someone in authority that an accident or crime has happened:

I’d like to report a theft.

report something to somebody

All accidents must be reported to the safety officer.

report somebody/something missing/injured/killed

The plane was reported missing.

6 . COMPLAIN [transitive] to complain about someone to people in authority

report somebody for something

Polish referee Ryszard Wojoik reported two Leeds United players for violent conduct.

report somebody to somebody

Hadley’s drinking problem led co-workers to report him to the supervisor.

7 . ARRIVAL [intransitive] to go somewhere and officially state that you have arrived

report to

All visitors must report to the site office.

All soldiers were required to report for duty (=arrive and be ready for work) on Friday.

8 . report sick to officially tell your employers that you cannot come to work because you are ill

report back phrasal verb

to give someone information about something that they asked you to find out about

report back to

The committee has 60 days to report back to Congress.

report back on

Students were asked to report back on their results.

report to somebody phrasal verb

to be responsible to someone at work and be managed by them:

He will report to Greg Carr, Boston Technology’s chief executive.

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THESAURUS

■ to officially tell someone

▪ inform to officially tell someone about something:

Do you think we ought to inform the police?

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Doctors should inform patients about the possible side effects of any drugs they prescribe.

▪ announce to tell people publicly and officially about something:

The university chancellor announced his resignation on Friday.

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It was announced that the company had made a profit of $6 billion.

▪ report to officially tell someone about something that has happened:

She was able to report that the project was nearly finished.

▪ notify formal to tell someone officially about something that has happened or that is planned to happen:

Staff were notified several months in advance that they would be losing their jobs.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.