Meaning of RESTRICTION in English

RESTRICTION

re ‧ stric ‧ tion W3 AC /rɪˈstrɪkʃ ə n/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: adjective : ↑ restricted ≠ UNRESTIRCTED , ↑ restrictive ; verb : ↑ restrict ; noun : ↑ restriction ]

1 . [countable] a rule or law that limits or controls what people can do

restriction on

restrictions on immigration

a 50 mph speed restriction

trade/travel restrictions

impose/place restrictions on something

The law imposed new financial restrictions on private companies.

strict/tough/tight restriction

tougher restrictions on alcohol advertising

lift/remove a restriction

Restrictions on trade were lifted.

2 . [uncountable] when you restrict the size, amount, or range of something

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ put/place restrictions on something

The authorities placed strict restrictions on diamond exports.

▪ impose restrictions formal (=put restrictions on something)

Some countries have imposed restrictions on advertising aimed at children.

▪ introduce restrictions

Nine other states now plan to introduce similar restrictions.

▪ lift/remove restrictions

He promised to lift restrictions on press freedom.

▪ tighten restrictions (=make them stricter)

The government recently tightened restrictions on police use of firearms.

▪ relax/ease restrictions (=make them less strict)

There are restrictions on travel to Cuba by American citizens.

▪ a restriction applies to somebody/something

These travel restrictions don’t apply to tourists.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + restrictions

▪ severe/strict restrictions

The regime had put severe restrictions upon the media.

▪ tough restrictions (=strict)

He called for tougher restrictions on contributions to political parties.

▪ petty restrictions (=that seem unreasonable and unnecessary)

The removal of petty restrictions has made it much easier to do business.

▪ speed restrictions

Drivers are ignoring speed restrictions.

▪ an age restriction

Employers can no longer place age restrictions on applicants.

▪ trade restrictions (=on the sale of goods between countries)

Trade restrictions between the islands were removed.

▪ import/export restrictions (=trade restrictions)

Import restrictions on manufactured goods have been lifted.

▪ travel restrictions

The Home Secretary placed travel restrictions on supporters with convictions for violence.

▪ planning restrictions (=legal restrictions on what buildings can be built somewhere)

There are government proposals to relax planning restrictions on green belt areas around cities.

▪ parking restrictions

Are there parking restrictions in the city centre?

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THESAURUS

▪ rule an instruction that says what people are allowed to do or not allowed to do, for example in a game, school, or company:

the rules of baseball

|

He disobeyed the school rules.

▪ law an official rule that everyone in a country, city, or state must obey:

It is against the law to carry a concealed weapon.

|

The law requires motorcyclists to wear helmets.

▪ regulation an official rule or order, which is part of a set of rules made by a government or organization:

the regulations for applying for a passport

|

building regulations

|

environmental regulations on air pollution

▪ restriction an official rule that limits what people can do:

new restrictions on immigration

|

The government is planning to impose regulations on the amount of alcohol you can bring into the country.

▪ guidelines rules or instructions about the best way to do something:

the Department of Health’s guidelines for a healthy diet

|

guidelines for classroom teachers

▪ code a set of rules that people or organizations agree to obey but are not forced to obey:

The school has a dress code for its students.

|

the company’s code of conduct

▪ statute formal a law that has been officially approved by a parliament, council etc, and written down:

The statute banned corporal punishment.

▪ ordinance American English a law, made by a city or town, that forbids or restricts an activity:

A local ordinance limited speed in the parks to ten miles an hour.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.