Meaning of REVIEW in English

REVIEW

I. re ‧ view 1 S2 W2 /rɪˈvjuː/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ view , ↑ overview , ↑ preview , ↑ review , ↑ viewer , ↑ reviewer ; verb : ↑ view , ↑ preview , ↑ review ]

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: French ; Origin: revue ; ⇨ ↑ revue ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] a careful examination of a situation or process ⇨ evaluation , analysis

review of

She sent us her review of the research.

carry out/conduct/undertake a review

The company hired Bob to conduct an independent review of their workplace procedures.

review body/committee/panel/board

the Teachers’ Pay Review Body

under review

We’re keeping this policy under review (=we are continuing to examine it) .

The policy comes up for review (=will be reviewed) in April.

All fees are subject to review (=may be reviewed) .

Mr Crowther asked for judicial review of the decision (=an examination of the decision by a judge) .

2 . [countable] an article in a newspaper or magazine that gives an opinion about a new book, play, film etc:

a film review

review of

The paper published a review of her book.

good/bad/mixed review

The band’s new album has had very good reviews.

The film opened to rave reviews (=reviews that praised it a lot) .

3 . [uncountable] the work of writing reviews for a newspaper or magazine

for review

The book was sent to the press for review in September.

The journal receives review copies (=free copies to review) of most new software products.

4 . [countable] a report on a series of events or a period of time, that mentions the most important parts

review of

a review of the year

5 . [countable] an official show of the army, navy etc so that a king, president, or officer of high rank can see them:

a naval review

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ carry out a review ( also conduct a review formal )

No one has yet carried out a review of the system.

|

Government officials are conducting a review of the law.

▪ undertake a review (=start it and carry it out)

The department plans to undertake a spending review.

▪ keep something under review (=continue to review it)

He recommended that the matter should be kept under review.

▪ come up for review (=be reviewed after a particular period of time has ended)

His contract is coming up for review.

▪ be subject to review formal (=may be reviewed or changed)

These prices are subject to review.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + review

▪ a major review

We are conducting a major review of our procedures.

▪ a thorough/comprehensive review

Their conclusion is based on a comprehensive review of all the previous studies.

▪ an extensive/wide-ranging review

He is currently conducting a wide-ranging review of public spending.

▪ a fundamental review (=that examines the most basic and important parts of something)

There have been calls for a fundamental review of our voting system.

▪ an annual review

There will be an annual review of your salary.

▪ an independent review

Their findings have been confirmed by a recent independent review.

▪ an internal review (=one that an organization carries out on itself)

The Army is conducting an internal review.

▪ judicial review (=examination by a judge)

The case is likely to go to judicial review.

▪ a policy review

The policy review proposed radical changes to the system.

▪ a spending review

Extra money was promised in last summer’s spending review.

■ review + NOUN

▪ a review body/committee/panel/board

We will set up a pay review body for all staff.

▪ a review process

We cannot comment until the review process is over.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ article a piece of writing in a newspaper or magazine about a particular subject:

Greg began his career writing articles for the college magazine.

|

an interesting newspaper article

▪ story an article in a newspaper about a recent event, especially one that a lot of people find interesting or exciting:

a front-page story

|

I read a newspaper story about the crash.

|

The local paper ran a story (=published a story) about the festival.

▪ piece a short article in a newspaper or magazine:

I’ve written a couple of pieces for the New York Times magazine.

|

The piece was first published in the Observer.

▪ feature a special article about a particular subject, often with photographs and continuing for several pages:

They had a special feature on Croatia.

|

The paper did a big feature on growing your own food.

▪ review an article in a newspaper or magazine about a book, play, product, hotel etc, giving someone’s opinion of it:

The play had rave reviews (=people liked it a lot - an informal use) .

|

Did you see the review of the new Coldplay album?

▪ column an article by a particular writer that appears regularly in a newspaper or magazine:

He has a weekly column in the TImes.

|

She writes a newspaper column on gardening.

▪ editorial a piece of writing in a newspaper that gives the personal opinion of the editor about something that is in the news:

Several years ago the New York Times published an editorial stating that the appropriate minimum wage is $0.00.

▪ cutting British English an article that has been cut from a newspaper or magazine:

His mother has kept all his old press cuttings.

II. review 2 S3 W3 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ view , ↑ overview , ↑ preview , ↑ review , ↑ viewer , ↑ reviewer ; verb : ↑ view , ↑ preview , ↑ review ]

[ Sense 1-2, 4-5: Date: 1600-1700 ; Origin: ⇨ ↑ review 1 ]

[ Sense 3: Date: 1500-1600 ; Origin: view ]

1 . to examine, consider, and judge a situation or process carefully in order to see if changes are necessary ⇨ evaluate , analyse :

We will review your situation and decide how we can help you.

The decision will be reviewed by the Supreme Court.

The team manager’s position will be reviewed at the end of the season.

2 . to write a short article describing and judging a new book, play, film etc:

Bradman will review the best of the new children’s books.

3 . American English to look again at something you have studied, such as notes, reports etc SYN revise British English

4 . to examine and describe the most important parts of a series of events or period of time:

a journalist who will review the events of the past six months

5 . to officially watch a group of soldiers, ships etc at a military show:

The President will review the soldiers on parade.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ examine to look at something carefully and thoroughly because you want to find out more about it:

Experts who examined the painting believe it is genuine.

|

Her new book examines the causes of social discontent.

|

A team of divers was sent down to examine the wreckage.

|

The police will examine the weapon for fingerprints.

▪ have a look at/take a look at especially spoken to quickly examine something to find out what is wrong with it or to find out more about it. Have a look at is less formal than examine , and is the usual phrase to use in everyday English:

I’ll have a look at your car if you like.

▪ inspect to examine something carefully to make sure that it is correct, safe, or working properly, especially when it is your job to do this:

The building is regularly inspected by a fire-safety officer.

|

Some insurance people have already been here to inspect the damage caused by the storm.

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Russian and American teams will have the right to inspect each other’s missile sites.

▪ analyze ( also analyse British English ) to examine something carefully, especially detailed information about something, so that you can understand it:

Researchers analyzed the results of the survey.

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We’re still analysing all the data.

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One of the problems in analyzing the situation is that we do not have all the information yet.

▪ study to spend a lot of time examining something very carefully, for example a problem or situation:

I won’t comment till I’ve had time to study the proposals.

|

A team of scientists has been studying the effects of global warming on Antarctica.

▪ review to examine something such as a situation or process to see if any changes are necessary:

The bank will review its security procedures after last week’s attack.

▪ scrutinize ( also scrutinise British English ) to examine something very carefully to find out if there is anything wrong with it:

Congress is currently scrutinizing the deal.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.