Meaning of SHINE in English

SHINE

I. shine 1 S3 /ʃaɪn/ BrE AmE verb ( past tense and past participle shone /ʃɒn $ ʃoʊn/)

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ shine , ↑ outshine ; noun : ↑ shine , ↑ shininess ; adjective : ↑ shiny ]

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: scinan ]

1 . [intransitive] to produce bright light:

The sun was shining.

The moon shone brightly in the sky.

shine in/on

That lamp’s shining in my eyes.

2 . [transitive] if you shine a light somewhere, you point it in that direction

shine something on/at/around etc something

Shine that torch over here, will you?

3 . [intransitive] to look bright and smooth:

Marion polished the table until it shone.

She had shining black hair.

4 . [transitive] ( past tense and past participle shined ) to make something bright by rubbing it SYN polish :

His shoes were shined to perfection.

5 . [intransitive] if your eyes shine, or your face shines, you have an expression of happiness

shine with

‘It was wonderful!’ Kate replied, her eyes shining with excitement.

6 . [intransitive not in progressive] to be very good at something:

The concert will give young jazz musicians a chance to shine.

shine at/in

Peter didn’t really shine at school.

7 . shining example something or someone that is an excellent example of a particular quality and should be admired

shining example of

The house is a shining example of Art Deco architecture.

• • •

THESAURUS

■ to produce light

▪ shine to produce bright light:

The sun was shining.

▪ flash to shine brightly for a very short time, or to shine on and off very quickly many times:

Lightning flashed across the sky.

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The police car’s lights were flashing.

▪ glare to shine with a very strong light which hurts your eyes:

The sun glared in her eyes.

▪ flicker to shine with an unsteady light – used about a flame or light:

The candle flickered and went out.

▪ twinkle if stars or lights twinkle, they shine in the dark in a way that seems to change from bright to faint, especially because you are a long way away from them:

stars twinkling in the sky

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The harbour lights twinkled in the distance.

▪ glow especially literary to shine with a warm soft light:

Lights glowed in the windows.

▪ blaze literary to shine very brightly:

The lights of the factory were still blazing.

■ to shine by reflecting light

▪ sparkle/glitter if something sparkles, it shines with many small bright points when light is on it:

The sea sparkled in the sunlight.

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Jewels glittered around her neck.

▪ gleam to shine by reflecting the light – used especially about smooth clean surfaces, or about someone’s eyes or teeth:

The sword’s blade gleamed.

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a gleaming sports car

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His blue eyes gleamed with amusement.

▪ glint to shine with quick flashes of light:

The knife glinted in the sunlight.

▪ glisten literary to shine – used about wet or oily surfaces. Used especially when saying that someone’s eyes are full of tears, or someone’s skin is covered in sweat:

As they were leaving, her eyes glistened with tears.

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His forehead was glistening with sweat.

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The wet chairs glistened in the afternoon sun.

▪ catch the light if something catches the light, it shines because it is reflecting light:

Her diamond ring caught the light.

shine through phrasal verb

if a quality that someone has shines through, you can easily see that they have it:

What shines through in all her work is her enthusiasm for life.

II. shine 2 BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: verb : ↑ shine , ↑ outshine ; noun : ↑ shine , ↑ shininess ; adjective : ↑ shiny ]

1 . [singular, uncountable] the brightness that something has when light shines on it:

Lucy’s dark hair seemed to have lost its shine.

2 . take a shine to somebody informal to like someone very much when you have only just met them

⇨ (come) rain or shine at ↑ rain 1 (4)

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.