Meaning of TORCH in English

TORCH

I. torch 1 /tɔːtʃ $ tɔːrtʃ/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: torche 'bunch of twisted straws, torch' , from Vulgar Latin torca ]

1 . British English a small electric lamp that you carry in your hand SYN flashlight American English :

We shone our torches around the cavern.

2 . a long stick with burning material at one end that produces light:

the Olympic torch

3 . carry a torch for somebody old-fashioned to secretly love and admire someone

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THESAURUS

▪ light something that produces light, especially electric light, to help you to see:

She switched the kitchen light on.

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The lights in the house were all off.

▪ lamp an object that produces light by using electricity, oil, or gas - often used in names of lights:

a bedside lamp

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a street lamp

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a desk lamp

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a table lamp

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an old oil lamp

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a paraffin lamp

▪ lantern a lamp that you can carry, consisting of a metal container with glass sides that surrounds a flame or light:

The miners used lanterns which were lit by candles.

▪ torch British English , flashlight American English a small electric lamp that you carry in your hand:

We shone our torches around the cavern.

▪ candle a stick of wax with a string through the middle, which you burn to give light:

The restaurant was lit by candles.

▪ bulb the glass part of an electric light, that the light shines from:

a 100 watt bulb

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an energy-saving light bulb

II. torch 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

informal to deliberately make a building, vehicle etc start to burn:

Rioters torched several abandoned cars.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.