Meaning of TRANSIENT in English

TRANSIENT

I. tran ‧ si ‧ ent 1 /ˈtrænziənt $ ˈtrænʃ ə nt/ BrE AmE adjective formal

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: present participle of transire 'to go across' , from ire 'to go' ]

1 . continuing only for a short time:

transient fashions

2 . working or staying somewhere for only a short time:

a transient population

—transience noun [uncountable]

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THESAURUS

▪ temporary continuing for only a limited period of time:

I’ve got a temporary office job, but I hope I’ll find something more permanent soon.

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I’m sure the problem is only temporary.

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temporary staff

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a temporary visa

▪ provisional temporary – used especially about arrangements or information that people may decide to change in the future. Also used about licences or governments which are only arranged to last for a short time:

Does the hotel accept provisional bookings?

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They have set a provisional date for the next meeting.

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a provisional driving licence

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In June, the rebels claimed to have formed a provisional government.

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Provisional figures yesterday from the Department of Transport showed that 4,274 people were killed last year — 6 percent fewer than the previous year.

▪ stopgap [only before noun] temporary – used about something that you use for a short time until you can replace it with something better:

The Republicans will approve the one-month budget as a stopgap measure to keep the state operating.

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This is only a stopgap solution to the country’s debt problem.

▪ passing [only before noun] temporary – used about an interest, thought, or feeling that is short and not very serious:

Tonight’s game will be exciting, even to those with only a passing interest in the sport.

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As a student, I didn’t give working in finance even a passing thought.

▪ ephemeral formal existing or popular for only a short time:

the ephemeral beauty of white snow on green trees and bare branches

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Many new words, particularly slang, are fleeting and ephemeral.

▪ transient formal continuing for only a limited time, or staying somewhere for only a short time – used especially to say that something is always changing, or people only stay somewhere for a short time:

the transient nature of life

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transient changes in the electrical properties of the neurons

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Arizona has a highly transient population.

II. transient 2 BrE AmE noun [countable]

American English someone who has no home and moves around from place to place

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.