Meaning of -ARCH in English

-ARCH

I. noun combining form Etymology: Middle English ~e, from Anglo-French & Late Latin & Latin; Anglo-French ~e, from Late Latin ~a, from Latin ~es, ~us, from Greek ~ēs, ~os, from archein ruler ; leader , II. adjective combining form Etymology: probably from German, from Greek archē beginning having (such) a point or (so many) points of origin

Merriam Webster. Explanatory English dictionary Merriam Webster.      Толковый словарь английского языка Мерриам-Уэбстер.