Meaning of ACUTE in English

ACUTE

transcription, транскрипция: [ ə-ˈkyüt ]

adjective

( acut·er ; acut·est )

Etymology: Middle English, from Latin acutus, past participle of acuere to sharpen, from acus needle; akin to Latin acer sharp — more at edge

Date: 14th century

1.

a.

(1) : characterized by sharpness or severity

acute pain

(2) : having a sudden onset, sharp rise, and short course

acute disease

(3) : being, providing, or requiring short-term medical care (as for serious illness or traumatic injury)

acute hospitals

an acute patient

b. : lasting a short time

acute experiments

2. : ending in a sharp point: as

a. : being or forming an angle measuring less than 90 degrees

an acute angle

b. : composed of acute angles

an acute triangle

3.

a. of an accent mark : having the form ´

b. : marked with an acute accent

c. : of the variety indicated by an acute accent

4.

a. : marked by keen discernment or intellectual perception especially of subtle distinctions : penetrating

an acute thinker

b. : responsive to slight impressions or stimuli

acute hearing

5. : felt, perceived, or experienced intensely

acute distress

6. : seriously demanding urgent attention

an acute emergency

• acute·ly adverb

• acute·ness noun

Synonyms:

acute , critical , crucial mean of uncertain outcome. acute stresses intensification of conditions leading to a culmination or breaking point

an acute housing shortage

critical adds to acute implications of imminent change, of attendant suspense, and of decisiveness in the outcome

the war has entered a critical phase

crucial suggests a dividing of the ways and often a test or trial involving the determination of a future course or direction

a crucial vote

Synonym: see in addition sharp .

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.