Meaning of ARTIFICIAL in English

ARTIFICIAL

transcription, транскрипция: [ ˌär-tə-ˈfi-sh ə l ]

adjective

Date: 14th century

1. : humanly contrived often on a natural model : man-made

an artificial limb

artificial diamonds

2.

a. : having existence in legal, economic, or political theory

b. : caused or produced by a human and especially social or political agency

an artificial price advantage

artificial barriers of discrimination — R. C. Weaver

3. obsolete : artful , cunning

4.

a. : lacking in natural or spontaneous quality

an artificial smile

an artificial excitement

b. : imitation , sham

artificial flavor

5. : based on differential morphological characters not necessarily indicative of natural relationships

an artificial key for plant identification

• ar·ti·fi·ci·al·i·ty ˌär-tə-ˌfi-shē-ˈa-lə-tē noun

• ar·ti·fi·cial·ly -ˈfi-sh ə l-ē adverb

• ar·ti·fi·cial·ness -ˈfi-shəl-nəs noun

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.